Plant Index


 
 
 

Euonymus americanus

Euonymus americanus L.

heart’s-a-bustin’, bursting-heart

Synonym(s): Euonymus americana
Euonymus americanus (Heart’s-a-bustin’)
Image ID: 8246
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: EUAM9
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Euonymus americanus
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: EUONY2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Euonymus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Spindletree
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 129 species, of temperate and tropical areas, trees, shrubs, and lianas. The genus name was variously spelled Euonymus and Evonymus by Linnaeus. The spelling Euonymus has been nomenclaturally conserved. The genus is now considered to be grammatically masculine, and adjectival specific epithets therefore end in -us.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Ma & Funston (2008)= Y; Voss (1985)=Z; Simmons in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CELAST
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Celastraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1814
FAMILY COMMON: Bittersweet Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of ca. 98 genera and ca. 1200 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, perennial and annual herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, especially in the tropics and subtropics.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Brizicky (1964); Simmons in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Red fall leaf color
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sept.-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Heart’s-a-bustin’, also referred to as strawberry-bush, is best known for its showy red fruit clusters in late summer. However in the spring this woody plant also produces subtle but curious looking small, five-petaled greenish-yellow flowers. In the fall the oval to lanceolate-shaped leaves of Euonymous americanus turn an attractive dark red, while its green stems provide winter interest. This shrub will tolerate deep shade but produces more fruit in light shade. Deer like this species so protect your plants when planting them in an area frequented by deer.

Bloom Table Text: Heart's-a-bustin', also referred to as strawberry-bush, is best known for its showy red fruit clusters in late summer. However in the spring this woody plant also produces subtle but curious looking small, five-petaled greenish-yellow flowers. In the fall the oval to lanceolate-shaped leaves of Euonymous americanus turn an attractive dark red, while its green stems provide winter interest. This shrub will tolerate deep shade but produces more fruit in light shade. Deer like this species so protect your plants when planting them in an area frequented by deer.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Mountain Habitat, Totten Center Landscape,

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
286 2011-0146 2011-06-16 291 View
1289 1986-1063 View
1928 1986-1714 View
3042 1988-0125 View
3718 1991-0413 View
4538 1992-0694 View
4941 1995-0059 View
5112 1995-0231 View
5553 1995-0676 View
6097 1995-1228 View
6757 1996-0416 View
7289 2000-0024 2000-01-24 View
7460 2000-0205 2000-05-15 View
7643 2000-0408 2007-07-20 View
8611 2006-0193 2006-08-18 View
8749 2006-0609 2006-12-13 View
8774 2007-0044 2007-03-14 View
8811 2007-0081 2007-03-13 View
9247 2019-0006 2019-06-26 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
291 HORT 2009-01-01 NCBG staff View
1383 HORT 2006-10-14 Bryan View
1756 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1840 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
677 286 21 NCBG staff 2011-04-08 View
2242 1289 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2243 1289 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2244 1289 133 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3056 1928 72 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3057 1928 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3058 1928 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3059 1928 73 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3060 1928 78 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3061 1928 187 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3062 1928 76 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3063 1928 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
5063 3042 8 NCBG staff 1988-08-22 View
6024 3718 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6866 4538 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7360 4941 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7534 5112 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8067 5553 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8747 6097 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9537 6757 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
10253 7289 154 NCBG staff 1998-12-01 View
10254 7289 160 Liloia 1998-12-01 View
10467 7460 153 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10816 7643 171 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
11803 8611 136 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11988 8749 84 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12026 8774 67 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12069 8811 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12370 9247 115 Wenck 2019-03-15 View
12716 0 12 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: EUAM9
USDA Common Name: Bursting-heart
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb, Subshrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACW FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Euonymus americanus
COMMON NAME: Strawberry-bush, Heart's-a-bustin'(-with-love)
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Il, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV; = E. americana - K1; > E. americanus var. americanus; > E. americanus var. angustifolius (Pursh) Alph. Wood]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Mesic to submesic forests.
COMMENTS: Se. NY west to s. OH and se. MO, south to n. peninsular FL and TX. A variety, var. angustifolius (Pursh) Alph. Wood, with narrowly lanceolate to linear leaves, has been named and occurs in our area; it is of uncertain status (Brizicky 1964) but is here considered a form.
RANGE MAP: Euonymus americanus.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Celastraceae R. Brown 1814 (Bittersweet Family)
SUMMARY: A family of ca. 98 genera and ca. 1200 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, perennial and annual herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, especially in the tropics and subtropics.
REFERENCE: Brizicky (1964); Simmons in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Euonymus L. (Spindletree)
SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 129 species, of temperate and tropical areas, trees, shrubs, and lianas. The genus name was variously spelled Euonymus and Evonymus by Linnaeus. The spelling Euonymus has been nomenclaturally conserved. The genus is now considered to be grammatically masculine, and adjectival specific epithets therefore end in -us.
REFERENCE: Ma & Funston (2008)= Y; Voss (1985)=Z; Simmons in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Euonymus americanus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Euonymus americanus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Euonymus americanus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Euonymus americanus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Euonymus americanus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Euonymus americanus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8246
ID IMAGE2: 7597
ID IMAGE3: 14400

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42 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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