Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Eryngium yuccifolium

Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.

northern rattlesnake-master, rattlesnake master, button eryngo

Eryngium yuccifolium (Northern Rattlesnake-master)
Image ID: 29168
Image by: Oglesby, Emily
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ERYU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eryngium yuccifolium
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ERYNG
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Eryngium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Eryngo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 250 species, herbs, tropical and temperate.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Bell (1963)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Calviño, Martínez, & Downie (2008, 2010); Calviño & Downie (2007).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: APIACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Apiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Stiff, erect perennial of diabase barrens and glades, olivine barrens, pine savannas, pine flatwoods over loamy or clay soils, prairies and other open sites with at least periodic moisture.
STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, branched above, pale green.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate but mostly clustered toward base of stem, sessile, strap-like, to 40 in. long (reduced above), with parallel veins and widely spaced bristles on margins, thick and leathery, smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in 1-in.-wide compact, rounded heads at branch tips and top of stem, each head on several small, sharp-tipped bracts; flowers greenish-white, less than 1/4 in. wide, consisting of 5 minute petals and 5 green sepals as well as tiny, sharp bractlets.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Greenish-white
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Outcrops and glades, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern & central U.S.

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Small bluish-white florets are arranged on round heads at the end of its tall stems. The many small flowers are attractive to butterflies and many other pollinators. The specific epithet yuccifolium means “yucca-leaf” describing its leathery basal leaves. Grown for its attractive foliage as well as its interesting flowers. Try planting this with cardinal flower for a striking combination. 2016 N.C. Wildflower of the Year.

Bloom Table Text: Northern rattlesnake-master, is an unusual wildflower most noted for its distinctive foliage. As the species name (yuccifolium) suggests, the narrow, leathery leaves resemble those of the yucca, providing an attractive vertical contrast in the garden. Eryngo is quite easy to grow - as long as it has plenty of sun, it will tolerate both moist and dry soils, and requires little or no maintenance over the years. The flowers are dense, globe-shaped clusters of flowers that are first greenish-white, then age to a pale, steely blue. At one time, this plant was thought to be an excellent remedy for rattlesnake bites, and to treat fevers. Today, it’s a great plant for pollinators! 2016 N.C Wildflower of the Year.

NCBG Location: Children's Wonder Garden, Education Center Landscape, Piedmont Habitat, Plant Families Garden

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
275 2011-0131 2011-06-16 280 View
1288 1986-1062 View
1926 1986-1712 View
2551 1986-2441 View
2836 1987-0343 View
5898 1995-1026 View
7053 1998-0339 1998-11-19 View
7527 2000-0287 2000-09-19 View
8445 2005-0519 2005-12-20 View
9427 2021-0090 2021-06-29 View
9446 2021-0105 2021-07-09 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
280 HORT 2009-01-01 NCBG staff View
1352 HORT 2006-10-06 Bryan View
1684 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1834 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View
2330 NPMD 2019-11-06 Touloupas View
2380 NPMD 2019-12-05 Touloupas View
2515 NPMD 2021-09-29 Marzolf View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
664 275 21 NCBG staff 2011-04-08 View
2241 1288 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3051 1926 114 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3052 1926 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
4316 2551 55 NCBG staff 2007-06-11 View
4718 2836 8 NCBG staff 1978-10-01 View
8432 5898 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9935 7053 54 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10576 7527 27 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
10577 7527 142 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
10578 7527 114 NCBG staff 1999-05-01 View
12740 9427 146 Wenck 2021-05-03 View
12837 9446 21 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ERYU
USDA Common Name: Button Eryngo
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACW FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Eryngium L. (Eryngo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 250 species, herbs, tropical and temperate.
REFERENCE: Bell (1963)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Calviño, Martínez, & Downie (2008, 2010); Calviño & Downie (2007).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eryngium yuccifolium

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 29168
ID IMAGE2: 2496
ID IMAGE3: 29167

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37 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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