Plant Index


 
 
 

Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. umbilicatum

dimpled trout lily, dimpled troutlily

Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum (Dimpled Trout Lily)
Image ID: 12463
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ERUMU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-03-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ERYTH3
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Erythronium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Fawnlily
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 25 species, north temperate and subarctic, of North America and Eurasia (especially diverse in w. North America).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Stolons are white shoots produced from the bulb. Most run horizontally, either underground or along the ground surface but beneath leaf litter. Flowering individuals often produce no stolons. The stolon characters in the key below are those of non-flowering individuals and refer to horizontal stolons only.
GENUS REFERENCES: Parks & Hardin (1963)=Z; Mathew (1992)=Y; Allen & Robertson in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LILIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Liliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Lily Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As here interpreted narrowly, the Liliaceae constitutes about 11 genera and 550 species, of the Northern Hemisphere. There has been much investigation and re-interpretation of evidence regarding the upper-level taxonomy of the Liliales, with strong suggestions that the broad Liliaceae recognized by Cronquist (1981) is artificial and polyphyletic. Cronquist (1981) himself concurs, at least to a degree: we still await a comprehensive reorganization of the lilies into several families more comparable to other recognized families of angiosperms. Dahlgren & Clifford (1982) and Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985) synthesized an early phase in the modern revolution of monocot taxonomy. Since then, additional research, especially molecular (Duvall et al. 1993, Chase et al. 1993, Bogler & Simpson 1995, and many others more recently), has strongly validated the general lines (and many details) of Dahlgrens arrangement.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Chen et al. (2013); Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003, 2009); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, ALSTROEMERIACEAE, AMARYLLIDACEAE, ASPARAGACEAE, COLCHICACEAE, HELONIADACEAE, HEMEROCALLIDACEAE, HOSTACEAE, HYACINTHACEAE, HYPOXIDACEAE, MELANTHIACEAE, NARTHECIACEAE, RUSCACEAE, SMILACACEAE, THEMIDACEAE, TOFIELDIACEAE, TRILLIACEAE, XEROPHYLLACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Acaulescent perennial growing in moist bottomland or slope forests, or in rather dry upland habitats.
STEMS: Stem a pink-tinted, smooth flowering scape.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and spreading-ascending, sessile, lance-shaped, to 7 in. long, fleshy, mottled with purplish-brown markings and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary, nodding at tip of scape, yellow, to 1 in. long, trumpet-shaped, consisting of 6 reflexed tepals with some purple spotting (but lacking the tiny “ears” of E. americanum ssp. americanum) and 6 dangling stamens bearing long, brownish-purple anthers.
FRUITS: Fruit a green, oval capsule with distinct indentation at the summit and typically lying on the ground.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-10 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: (Late Jan-) Feb-Apr (May).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Apr-Jun.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Dry forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
33 2017-0036 2018-12-21 36 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
36 HORT 2014-05-08 Randall View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
43 33 25 Liloia 2017-05-02 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ERUMU
USDA Common Name: Dimpled Troutlily
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, FL, GA, KY, MD, NC, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum
COMMON NAME: Dimpled Trout Lily
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, Va, Y, Z; < E. americanum - F, G, RAB, S; < E. umbilicatum - C, Tn, W, WH3, WV]
PHENOLOGY: (Late Jan-) Feb-Apr (May?); Apr-Jun.
HABITAT: Moist bottomland or slope forests, or in rather dry upland habitats.
COMMENTS: VA and e. WV south through NC, SC, and e. TN to c. GA, e. AL, and Panhandle FL. E. umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum is a diploid (2n = 24). Mathew (1992) suggests the possibility that an earlier name, E. nuttallianum Roemer & J.A. Schultes, may apply to this taxon; the two locations mentioned on the type, Pennsylvania and Albany, NY, are outside the known range of the species, however.
RANGE MAP: Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Liliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Lily Family)
SUMMARY: As here interpreted narrowly, the Liliaceae constitutes about 11 genera and 550 species, of the Northern Hemisphere. There has been much investigation and re-interpretation of evidence regarding the upper-level taxonomy of the Liliales, with strong suggestions that the broad Liliaceae recognized by Cronquist (1981) is artificial and polyphyletic. Cronquist (1981) himself concurs, at least to a degree: we still await a comprehensive reorganization of the lilies into several families more comparable to other recognized families of angiosperms. Dahlgren & Clifford (1982) and Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985) synthesized an early phase in the modern revolution of monocot taxonomy. Since then, additional research, especially molecular (Duvall et al. 1993, Chase et al. 1993, Bogler & Simpson 1995, and many others more recently), has strongly validated the general lines (and many details) of Dahlgrens arrangement.
REFERENCE: Chen et al. (2013); Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003, 2009); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, ALSTROEMERIACEAE, AMARYLLIDACEAE, ASPARAGACEAE, COLCHICACEAE, HELONIADACEAE, HEMEROCALLIDACEAE, HOSTACEAE, HYACINTHACEAE, HYPOXIDACEAE, MELANTHIACEAE, NARTHECIACEAE, RUSCACEAE, SMILACACEAE, THEMIDACEAE, TOFIELDIACEAE, TRILLIACEAE, XEROPHYLLACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Erythronium L. (Fawnlily)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 25 species, north temperate and subarctic, of North America and Eurasia (especially diverse in w. North America).
REFERENCE: Parks & Hardin (1963)=Z; Mathew (1992)=Y; Allen & Robertson in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12463
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12463

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 12462

Image ID: 12933
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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