Plant Index


 
 
 

Endodeca serpentaria

Endodeca serpentaria (L.) Raf.

virginia snakeroot, serpent birthwort, turpentine-root

Endodeca serpentaria (Virginia Snakeroot)
Image ID: 20910
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ENSE4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Endodeca serpentaria
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-08-28

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE:
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FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ARISTO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aristolochiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A. L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Birthwort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 6-12 genera and 600 species, vines, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Barringer & Whittemore in FNA (1997); Ohi-Toma et al. (2006); Neinhuis et al. (2005); Huber in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Rhizomatous perennial of dry to mesic forests; may be more restricted to mesic situations over acidic substrate but ranges into drier situations over calcareous/mafic substrates.
STEMS: Stems smooth to hairy, sometimes trailing.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, petiolate, narrowly lance-shaped to somewhat oval and the base lobed, suggestive of an arrowhead shape, 2–6 in. long.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers solitary on a weak-stemmed lower branch; greenish-purplish to maroon; ½-¾ in. long; bilaterally symmetric and tubular, with a sharp curve and a constriction below the flaring mouth; hairy.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Variations in leaf shape and texture have led to naming of other species, though these may represent morphologic extremes of a polymorphic complex; roots have a strong turpentine odor when bruised.
HEIGHT: 4-24 in.

DURATION:
HABIT:

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Greenish-purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

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Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
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DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
84 2009-0013 2009-06-09 29 View
85 2009-0014 2009-02-12 30 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
29 HORT 2009-06-09 Heiney View
30 HORT 2009-07-17 Schubert View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
365 85 23 Liloia 2009-10-01 View
368 84 119 Heiney 2009-06-09 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ENSE4
USDA Common Name:
Native Status:
Distribution:
Duration:
Growth Habit:

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU UPL FACU UPL UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Endodeca serpentaria
COMMON NAME: Turpentine-root, Virginia Snakeroot, Serpent Birthwort
SYNONYMY: [= Tn, Va; = Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus - C, Fl, FNA, G, K, Pa, RAB, W, WH3; > A. serpentaria var. hastata (Nuttall) Duchartre - F; > A. serpentaria var. serpentaria - F; > E. hastata (Nuttall) Rafinesque - Il; > E. serpentaria - Il; > A. hastata Nuttall - S; > A. convolvulacea Small - S; > A. serpentaria - S; > Endodeca serpentaria var. hastata (Rafinesque) C.F. Reed]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Dry to mesic forests, perhaps more restricted to mesic situations over acidic substrate, ranging into drier situations over calcareous or mafic substrates.
COMMENTS: CT and NY west to IL, MI, and MO, south to c. peninsular FL and TX. The tremendous variation in this species needs further study. Plants with sparingly pubescent, thin-textured, linear to lanceolate leaves have been called Aristolochia hastata. Plants with broadly ovate, densely pubescent leaves have been called Aristolochia convolvulacea. These may represent merely morphologic extremes of a polymorphic complex; alternatively, some taxonomic recognition of such plants as distinct from A. serpentaria may be warranted.
RANGE MAP: Endodeca serpentaria.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aristolochiaceae A. L. de Jussieu 1789 (Birthwort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 6-12 genera and 600 species, vines, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions.
REFERENCE: Barringer & Whittemore in FNA (1997); Ohi-Toma et al. (2006); Neinhuis et al. (2005); Huber in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
()
SUMMARY:
REFERENCE:

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Endodeca serpentaria in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Endodeca serpentaria in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Endodeca serpentaria in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Endodeca serpentaria in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Endodeca serpentaria in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Endodeca serpentaria

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 20910
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 20910

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 20911

Image ID: 10620
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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