Plant Index


 
 
 

Dryopteris cristata

Dryopteris cristata (L.) A. Gray

crested wood-fern, crested woodfern

Dryopteris cristata (Crested Wood-fern)
Image ID: 12449
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: DRCR4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dryopteris cristata
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2020-01-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: DRYOP
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Dryopteris
GENUS AUTHORITY: Adans.
GENUS COMMON: Woodfern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 400 species, nearly cosmopolitan, but concentrated in temperate Asia. Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012) discuss the phylogeny and biogeography of Dryopteris; the clades shown in the key are from their work.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Dryopteris and Athyrium are often confused when not fertile; they can be easily distinguished by breaking off a leaf and counting vascular bundles (which will appear as thread-like strands). Dryopteris has 5 and Athyrium has 2. Many Dryopteris species will hybridize with one another to form sterile hybrids. Whenever two or more Dryopteris species are found growing together, there is a good chance that hybrids are present. Hybrids generally show intermediacy between the two parents, and have abortive sporangia or spores.
GENUS REFERENCES: Montgomery & Wagner in FNA (1993b); Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012); Montgomery & Paulton (1981); Montgomery (1982); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990); Hoshizaki & Wilson (1999).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: DRYOPT
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Dryopteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Ching 1965
FAMILY COMMON: Wood-fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 40-45 genera and 1700 species, cosmopolitan in distribution, but concentrated in temperate and montane areas. Here circumscribed (following Smith et al. 2006) to exclude Onocleaceae and Woodsiaceae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Smith in FNA (1993b); Smith et al. (2006); Lellinger (1985); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America & Europe

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
971 1985-0665 View
3378 1990-0255 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1797 971 145 NCBG staff 1985-02-20 View
1798 971 189 NCBG staff 1985-02-20 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: DRCR4
USDA Common Name: Crested Woodfern
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL FACW FACW OBL OBL OBL FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
19815 S3 S3 G5 G5 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dryopteris cristata
COMMON NAME: Crested Wood-fern
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV; = D. cristata var. cristata - F]
PHENOLOGY: Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Bogs, swamp forests.
COMMENTS: Circumboreal, in North America from NL (Newfoundland) to s. SK and se. BC, south to NC, TN, OH, IN, n. IL, IA, NE, and ID; disjunct in c. GA, AL, and LA. This species is a fertile allotetraploid derived from hybridization of D. ludoviciana and D. semicristata, a hypothetical species which may be extinct. Its chromosome complement is symbolized LLSS. It has also served as a parent species of D. clintoniana, a fertile allohexaploid derived from D. cristata goldiana. Thus, its genome constitutes two thirds of the genome of D. clintoniana.
RANGE MAP: Dryopteris cristata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Dryopteridaceae Ching 1965 (Wood-fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 40-45 genera and 1700 species, cosmopolitan in distribution, but concentrated in temperate and montane areas. Here circumscribed (following Smith et al. 2006) to exclude Onocleaceae and Woodsiaceae.
REFERENCE: Smith in FNA (1993b); Smith et al. (2006); Lellinger (1985); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Dryopteris Adans. (Woodfern)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 400 species, nearly cosmopolitan, but concentrated in temperate Asia. Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012) discuss the phylogeny and biogeography of Dryopteris; the clades shown in the key are from their work.
REFERENCE: Montgomery & Wagner in FNA (1993b); Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012); Montgomery & Paulton (1981); Montgomery (1982); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990); Hoshizaki & Wilson (1999).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Dryopteris cristata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Dryopteris cristata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Dryopteris cristata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Dryopteris cristata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Dryopteris cristata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dryopteris cristata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12449
ID IMAGE2: 12449
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 24581
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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