Plant Index


 
 
 

Dryopteris celsa

Dryopteris celsa (Wm. Palmer) Knowlt., Palmer & Pollard ex Small

log fern

Synonym(s): Dryopteris atropalustris, Dryopteris goldiana ssp. celsa, Dryopteris wherryi
Dryopteris celsa (Log Fern)
Image ID: 24579
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: DRCE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dryopteris celsa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-29

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: DRYOP
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Dryopteris
GENUS AUTHORITY: Adans.
GENUS COMMON: Woodfern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 400 species, nearly cosmopolitan, but concentrated in temperate Asia. Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012) discuss the phylogeny and biogeography of Dryopteris; the clades shown in the key are from their work.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Dryopteris and Athyrium are often confused when not fertile; they can be easily distinguished by breaking off a leaf and counting vascular bundles (which will appear as thread-like strands). Dryopteris has 5 and Athyrium has 2. Many Dryopteris species will hybridize with one another to form sterile hybrids. Whenever two or more Dryopteris species are found growing together, there is a good chance that hybrids are present. Hybrids generally show intermediacy between the two parents, and have abortive sporangia or spores.
GENUS REFERENCES: Montgomery & Wagner in FNA (1993b); Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012); Montgomery & Paulton (1981); Montgomery (1982); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990); Hoshizaki & Wilson (1999).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: DRYOPT
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Dryopteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Ching 1965
FAMILY COMMON: Wood-fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 40-45 genera and 1700 species, cosmopolitan in distribution, but concentrated in temperate and montane areas. Here circumscribed (following Smith et al. 2006) to exclude Onocleaceae and Woodsiaceae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Smith in FNA (1993b); Smith et al. (2006); Lellinger (1985); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Log fern, found in swamps and calcareous floodplains of the Eastern U.S., produces large, upright fronds whose dark green color and elegant shape add a beautiful lushness to shady parts of a home landscape. A naturally occurring, fertile hybrid between D. goldiana and D. ludoviciana, log fern is semi-evergreen. It is often found growing on rotting logs (hence its common name).

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
973 1985-0667 View
1922 1986-1708 View
3101 1989-0058 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1812 973 64 NCBG staff 1985-02-20 View
1813 973 145 NCBG staff 1985-02-20 View
3042 1922 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
5153 3101 73 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5154 3101 77 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5155 3101 78 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12658 0 19 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12760 0 23 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: DRCE
USDA Common Name: Log Fern
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dryopteris celsa
COMMON NAME: Log Fern
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, F, FNA, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV; = D. goldiana (Hooker ex Goldie) ssp. celsa W. Palmer - G]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Swamps, seepage bogs, and calcareous floodplains, typically associated with calcareous substrates.
COMMENTS: Ne. NJ and ne. NY west to s. IL, e. MO, and AR, south to SC, GA, n. AL, TN, e. and n. LA, and e. TX (Mink, Singhurst, & Holmes 2011a); disjunct in w. NY and w. MI; overall very scattered in its distribution. This species is a fertile allotetraploid derived from hybridization of D. goldiana and D. ludoviciana; its chromosome complement is symbolized GGLL (Werth 1991).
RANGE MAP: Dryopteris celsa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Dryopteridaceae Ching 1965 (Wood-fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 40-45 genera and 1700 species, cosmopolitan in distribution, but concentrated in temperate and montane areas. Here circumscribed (following Smith et al. 2006) to exclude Onocleaceae and Woodsiaceae.
REFERENCE: Smith in FNA (1993b); Smith et al. (2006); Lellinger (1985); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Dryopteris Adans. (Woodfern)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 400 species, nearly cosmopolitan, but concentrated in temperate Asia. Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012) discuss the phylogeny and biogeography of Dryopteris; the clades shown in the key are from their work.
REFERENCE: Montgomery & Wagner in FNA (1993b); Sessa, Zimmer, & Givnish (2012); Montgomery & Paulton (1981); Montgomery (1982); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990); Hoshizaki & Wilson (1999).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Dryopteris celsa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Dryopteris celsa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Dryopteris celsa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Dryopteris celsa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Dryopteris celsa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dryopteris celsa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 24579
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 24579

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 24580
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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