Plant Index


 
 
 

Diospyros virginiana

Diospyros virginiana L.

american persimmon, common persimmon, possumwood

Synonym(s): Diospyros mosieri, Diospyros virginiana var. mosieri, Diospyros virginiana var. platycarpa, Diospyros virginiana var. pubescens, Diospyros virginiana var. virginiana
Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon)
Image ID: 14150
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: DIVI5
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: DIOSP
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Diospyros
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Diospyros
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical and subtropical regions (with very few exceptions). The genus includes a variety of tropical trees called ebony in the wood trade.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Seedlings and fire sprouts are superficially very similar to Nyssa sylvatica, but can be separated in the following ways: bundle scar 1 per bud scar, narrowly crescent-shaped (vs. Nyssa with 3 distinct, circular, bundle scars arranged in a broad V pattern), leaves never with teeth (vs. Nyssa leaves sometimes with a few irregular teeth), leaves glabrate to tomentose with curly hairs (vs. glabrous or with a few straight, forward-pointing hairs), leaves with sessile to short-stipitate glands on upper surface of midrib and outer petiole, later becoming necrotic spots (vs. leaves without glands).
GENUS REFERENCES: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1977)=Z; Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: EBENAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ebenaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Gürcke 1891
FAMILY COMMON: Ebony Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2-6 genera and 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, distributed in tropical and subtropical (rarely warm temperate) regions.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 35-60 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Dec (and persisting).

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Eastern persimmon grows best in full sun, typically reaching a height of 35 to 60 ft. Occasionally, this species may reach a height up to 100 ft. Once its root system is established, it is tolerant of urban conditions, surviving heat, pollution and drought . Persimmons are dioecious, with each tree producing either male or female flowers, and female trees bearing fruit at maturity. Grown from seed here at NCBG, plants may be either male or female. This genus supports up to 44 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
155 2010-0051 2010-11-16 156 View
228 2011-0056 2011-03-30 227 View
1920 1986-1706 View
2170 1986-1980 View
3726 1991-0421 View
4577 1992-0733 View
5026 1995-0145 View
5104 1995-0223 View
5607 1995-0731 View
6071 1995-1202 View
7296 2000-0031 2000-01-31 View
7423 2000-0168 2000-04-25 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
156 HORT 2004-10-01 Gocke View
227 HORT 2011-03-30 Ward View
575 SOS 2015-10-20 Dakar View
937 SOS 2017-09-19 Faucette View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
315 155 103 Liloia 2010-12-01 View
471 228 102 NCBG staff 2011-03-11 View
3040 1920 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3741 2170 58 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
6033 3726 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6906 4577 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7445 5026 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7526 5104 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8121 5607 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8721 6071 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10262 7296 174 NCBG staff 1998-11-20 View
10423 7423 174 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: DIVI5
USDA Common Name: Common Persimmon
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros virginiana
COMMON NAME: American Persimmon, Possumwood
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV; > D. virginiana var. virginiana - C, F, G, Il, Z; > D. virginiana var. pubescens (Pursh) Nuttall - Il; > D. virginiana var. platycarpa Sargent - Il; > D. virginiana - S; > D. mosieri Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Sep-Dec (and persisting).
HABITAT: Dry woods, sandhills, disturbed places, floodplain and mesic forests, fencerows.
COMMENTS: CT, PA, OH, IN, IL, MO, and e. KS south to s. FL and TX. East of the Mississippi River, D. virginiana var. virginiana has leaves cuneate to rounded at the base, and glabrous or glabrescent; mostly west of the Mississippi River and perhaps eastward along the Coastal Plain, D. virginiana var. pubescens (Pursh) Nuttall has leaves subcordate, and persistently pubescent. Though these differences seem relatively trivial, they are consistent, geographically correlated, and may be worthy of varietal recognition. Other varieties have been named based on fruit size and ripening time. Persimmons are famous for their sweet and edible fruits, and infamous for the bitter-astringency of the not fully ripe fruit. The species is dioecious, the male trees appear to reach a greater size than the females. The wood is one of the heaviest and hardest in e. North America.
RANGE MAP: Diospyros virginiana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ebenaceae Gürcke 1891 (Ebony Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2-6 genera and 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, distributed in tropical and subtropical (rarely warm temperate) regions.
REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Diospyros L. (Diospyros)
SUMMARY: A genus of 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical and subtropical regions (with very few exceptions). The genus includes a variety of tropical trees called ebony in the wood trade.
REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1977)=Z; Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Diospyros virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Diospyros virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Diospyros virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Diospyros virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Diospyros virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Diospyros virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14150
ID IMAGE2: 7682
ID IMAGE3: 14152

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7683

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Image ID: 19663

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Image ID: 14153

Image ID: 14152

Image ID: 11074
23 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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