Plant Index


 
 
 

Distichlis spicata

Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene

saltgrass, spike grass

Synonym(s): Distichlis spicata ssp. stricta, Distichlis spicata var. borealis, Distichlis spicata var. divaricata, Distichlis spicata var. nana, Distichlis spicata var. stolonifera, Distichlis spicata var. stricta, Distichlis stricta, Distichlis stricta var. dentata
Distichlis spicata (Saltgrass)
Image ID: 14168
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: DISP
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Distichlis spicata
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2020-01-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: DISTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Distichlis
GENUS AUTHORITY: Raf.
GENUS COMMON: Saltgrass
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 10 species, of North, Central, and South America, and Australia. Bell & Columbus (2008) recircumscribe Distichlis to include Monanthochloe Engelmann and Reederochloa Soderstrom & H.F. Decker.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: When sterile, Distichlis spicata is easily confused with Sporobolus virginicus, with which it sometimes occurs. Distichlis spicata is generally a coarser plant, and lacks long hairs around the collar of the sheath; Sporobolus virginicus is more delicate, and typically has long hairs on either side of the collar.
GENUS REFERENCES: Bell & Columbus (2008)=Z; Thieret in FNA (2003a); Barkworth in FNA (2003a). [including Monanthochloe]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: POACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Poaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Grass Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
547 SOS 2015-10-14 Driskill View
561 SOS 2015-10-15 Maynard View
568 SOS 2015-10-16 Driskill View
581 SOS 2015-10-16 Driskill View
747 SOS 2016-09-22 Dakar View
790 SOS 2016-10-06 Flood View
794 SOS 2016-10-05 Faucette View
805 SOS 2016-10-18 Walker View
853 SOS 2016-11-03 Walker View
943 SOS 2017-10-10 Healy View
948 SOS 2017-10-11 Faucette View


USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: DISP
USDA Common Name: Saltgrass
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, KS, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, NT, ON, PE, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL FAC FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Distichlis spicata
COMMON NAME: Saltgrass, Spike Grass
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, WH3; > D. spicata var. spicata - C; > D. spicata - F, G, HC; > D. spicata ssp. spicata]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Coastal marshes and shores, especially common in hypersaline flats (where infrequent tidal inundation is followed by evaporation).
COMMENTS: Two varieties (or subspecies or species) have often been recognized: var. spicata ranging along the Atlantic coast from NS and PE south to tropical America, and on the Pacific coast of North America, and var. stricta (Torrey) Scribner widespread in saline situations in western North America. These do not appear to warrant taxonomic recognition (Barkworth in FNA 2003a).
RANGE MAP: Distichlis spicata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Distichlis Raf. (Saltgrass)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 10 species, of North, Central, and South America, and Australia. Bell & Columbus (2008) recircumscribe Distichlis to include Monanthochloe Engelmann and Reederochloa Soderstrom & H.F. Decker.
REFERENCE: Bell & Columbus (2008)=Z; Thieret in FNA (2003a); Barkworth in FNA (2003a). [including Monanthochloe]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Distichlis spicata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Distichlis spicata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Distichlis spicata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Distichlis spicata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Distichlis spicata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Distichlis spicata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14168
ID IMAGE2: 14168
ID IMAGE3: 0

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39 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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