Plant Index


 
 
 

Cystopteris protrusa

Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell

lowland bladder fern, lowland bladderfern

Synonym(s): Cystopteris fragilis var. protrusa
Cystopteris protrusa (Lowland Bladder Fern)
Image ID: 13956
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CYPR4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cystopteris protrusa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-12-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CYSTO
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cystopteris
GENUS AUTHORITY: Bernh.
GENUS COMMON: Bladderfern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 20-30 species, sub-cosmopolitan in distribution, primarily of temperate regions but also in montane to alpine settings in tropical regions.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: See Woodsia for suggestions on distinguishing between Cystopteris and Woodsia, somewhat similar ferns often confused. Hybrids frequently occur where two or more species of Cystopteris grow in proximity. The following hybrids may be anticipated in our area: Cystopteris bulbifera tennesseensis, Cystopteris bulbifera tenuis [= C. illinoensis R.C. Moran], Cystopteris fragilis tenuis, Cystopteris protrusa tennesseensis, Cystopteris protrusa tenuis, Cystopteris tennesseensis tenuis [= C. wagneri R.C. Moran].
GENUS REFERENCES: Rothfels et al. (2104); Haufler, Moran, & Windham in FNA (1993b); Wang & Haufler in FoC (2013); Haufler, Windham, & Ranker (1990); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CYSTOP
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cystopteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Schmakov 2001
FAMILY COMMON: Brittle Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and perhaps 30-40 species, perennials, sub-cosmopolitan in distribution, primarily of temperate regions but also in montane to alpine settings in tropical regions.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Rothfels et al. (2014); Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
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LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
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HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
964 1985-0657 View
3608 1991-0276 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1786 964 145 NCBG staff 1985-02-20 View
5895 3608 68 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
5896 3608 11 NCBG staff 1991-09-06 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CYPR4
USDA Common Name: Lowland Bladderfern
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACW FACW FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cystopteris protrusa
COMMON NAME: Lowland Bladder Fern
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, FNA, Il, K, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV; = C. fragilis var. protrusa Weatherby - F, G, S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun.
HABITAT: Rich woods or on moss- and soil-covered talus in boulderfields, occasionally on ledges of rock outcrops.
COMMENTS: NY and ON west to MN, south to GA, Panhandle FL (Washington County) (Wunderlin & Hansen 2006), AL, MS, LA, AR, e. KS, and IA. This species is a diploid involved in the reticulate evolution of Cystopteris in e. North America. It is one parent of C. tennesseensis and C. tenuis. Its genome can be symbolized PP.
RANGE MAP: Cystopteris protrusa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cystopteridaceae Schmakov 2001 (Brittle Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and perhaps 30-40 species, perennials, sub-cosmopolitan in distribution, primarily of temperate regions but also in montane to alpine settings in tropical regions.
REFERENCE: Rothfels et al. (2014); Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cystopteris Bernh. (Bladderfern)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 20-30 species, sub-cosmopolitan in distribution, primarily of temperate regions but also in montane to alpine settings in tropical regions.
REFERENCE: Rothfels et al. (2104); Haufler, Moran, & Windham in FNA (1993b); Wang & Haufler in FoC (2013); Haufler, Windham, & Ranker (1990); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cystopteris protrusa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cystopteris protrusa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cystopteris protrusa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cystopteris protrusa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cystopteris protrusa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cystopteris protrusa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13956
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 36779

Image ID: 13957

Image ID: 13958

Image ID: 11032
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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