Plant Index


 
 
 

Crataegus viridis

Crataegus viridis L.

green hawthorn

Cultivar(s): Winter King

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CRVI2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus viridis
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-12-31

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
189 Winter King View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CRATA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Crataegus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Hawthorn
GENUS SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance]
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: All references to leaves and petioles pertain to foliage on short shoots (floreal shoots), unless otherwise specified.
GENUS REFERENCES: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-late Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
847 1985-0517 View
8329 2005-0046 2005-04-12 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1598 847 165 NCBG staff 1980-05-05 View
11601 8329 112 NCBG staff 2005-03-15 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CRVI2
USDA Common Name: Green Hawthorn
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FAC FACW OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus viridis
COMMON NAME: Green Hawthorn
SYNONYMY: [= C, RAB, S, W; > C. viridis var. lanceolata (Sargent) E.J. Palmer - F, FNA, G, X; > C. viridis var. ovata (Sargent) E.J. Palmer - F, FNA, G, X; > C. viridis var. velutina (Sargent) J.B. Phipps - FNA, X; > C. viridis var. viridis - F, FNA, G, K, X; > C. viridis - Q; > C. interior Beadle - Q; > C. vulsa Beadle - K, Q; > C. penita Beadle - K, Q]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-late Apr; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Swamps, bottomland forests, alluvial woodlands, streamsides, wet flatwoods, and uplands where soils are often basic to calcareous.
COMMENTS: MD to n. FL, w. MO, c. TX; absent or rare on Appalachian Plateau. One of our largest hawthorn species, frequently reaching treelike proportions (5-10 m tall, trunk 10-40 cm diameter). The orange-red fruits often persist on the bare branches into winter, sometimes until the following spring. Bark of the trunk is usually mottled with patterns of gray, reddish-brown, and greenish-gray coloration, due to the dehiscing layers of scales and plates.
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Crataegus L. (Hawthorn)
SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance]
REFERENCE: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Crataegus viridis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Crataegus viridis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Crataegus viridis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Crataegus viridis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Crataegus viridis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus viridis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 0
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 10967
1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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