Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Crataegus marshallii

Crataegus marshallii Eggl.

parsley hawthorn, parsley haw

Crataegus marshallii (Parsley Hawthorn)
Image ID: 12425
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CRMA5
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus marshallii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-12-30

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CRATA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Crataegus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Hawthorn
GENUS SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance]
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: All references to leaves and petioles pertain to foliage on short shoots (floreal shoots), unless otherwise specified.
GENUS REFERENCES: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: up to 20 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-early May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Parsley hawthorn is a beautiful small native tree that is under-utilized as an ornamental. It reaches a height of approximately 20 feet and achieves a spread of 4 feet. The distinctive foliage of this plant is accented by white flowers in the spring and red fruit in late fall. The fruit is a valuable food source for wildlife, and the tree's branches provide shelter. Hawthorns do well in sunny locations. This species is commonly found in alluvial woods and swamp forests and can handle average to wetter soil conditions. Parsley hawthorn is one of the signature plants of the Coker Arboretum and was originally planted there by the late Dr. William Chambers Coker.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
219 HORT 2008-01-01 Gocke View
1118 HORT 2005-11-01 Bryan View

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
220 2011-0046 2011-03-10 219 View
845 1985-0515 View
1914 1986-1700 View
4520 1992-0676 View
6045 1995-1176 View
8251 2004-0280 2006-07-24 View

GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
450 220 14 Liloia 2011-03-09 View
1596 845 171 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3031 1914 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
6848 4520 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8695 6045 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11526 8251 170 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View
12408 8251 171 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CRMA5
USDA Common Name: Parsley Hawthorn
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus marshallii
COMMON NAME: Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, RAB, S, W, X, Y; = C. apiifolia (Marshall) Michaux - Q]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-early May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Swamp forests, alluvial forests, dry and mesic upland slopes (especially over mafic or calcareous rocks).
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. TX, and north in the interior to n. AL, sc. and w. TN, n. MS, s. IL, se. MO, se. OK. C. marshallii is distinctive and immediately recognizable by its deeply incised leaves and small fruits (4-6 mm long by about 3 mm wide, with only 1-3 pyrenes).
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Crataegus L. (Hawthorn)
SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance]
REFERENCE: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Crataegus marshallii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Crataegus marshallii in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Crataegus marshallii in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Crataegus marshallii in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Crataegus marshallii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus marshallii

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 12425 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 12425 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 0 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 12425 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

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56 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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