Image ID: 12425
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus marshallii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-12-30
GENUS CODE: CRATA GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Crataegus GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Hawthorn GENUS SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance] GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: All references to leaves and petioles pertain to foliage on short shoots (floreal shoots), unless otherwise specified. GENUS REFERENCES: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).
FAMILY CODE: ROSACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Rosaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate. FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
INTRO: STEMS: LEAVES: INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: FRUITS: COMMENTS: HEIGHT: up to 20 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY: LEAF RETENTION:
Deciduous FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Apr-early May
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Parsley hawthorn is a beautiful small native tree that is under-utilized as an ornamental. It reaches a height of approximately 20 feet and achieves a spread of 4 feet. The distinctive foliage of this plant is accented by white flowers in the spring and red fruit in late fall. The fruit is a valuable food source for wildlife, and the tree's branches provide shelter. Hawthorns do well in sunny locations. This species is commonly found in alluvial woods and swamp forests and can handle average to wetter soil conditions. Parsley hawthorn is one of the signature plants of the Coker Arboretum and was originally planted there by the late Dr. William Chambers Coker.
Bloom Table Text:
Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Crataegus marshallii
COMMON NAME: Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, RAB, S, W, X, Y; = C. apiifolia (Marshall) Michaux - Q]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-early May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Swamp forests, alluvial forests, dry and mesic upland slopes (especially over mafic or calcareous rocks).
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. TX, and north in the interior to n. AL, sc. and w. TN, n. MS, s. IL, se. MO, se. OK. C. marshallii is distinctive and immediately recognizable by its deeply incised leaves and small fruits (4-6 mm long by about 3 mm wide, with only 1-3 pyrenes).
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate. REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Crataegus L. (Hawthorn) SUMMARY: [contributed by Ron Lance] REFERENCE: Lance (2014)=X; Phipps in FNA (2014); Phipps (1988)=Z; Beadle in Small (1913)=Q; Phipps, O'Kennon, & Lance (2003)= V ; Phipps (1998)=Y; Phipps, Lance, & Dvorsky (2006)=U; Phipps, OíKennon, & Dvorsky (2006)= N; Lance (1995); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).
SERNEC: Find Crataegus marshallii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Crataegus marshallii in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)