Plant Index


 
 
 

Cornus foemina

Cornus foemina Mill.

stiff dogwood

Synonym(s): Cornus stricta, Swida foemina, Swida stricta

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: COFO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cornus foemina
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-08

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CORNU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cornus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Dogwood
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by Z.E. Murrell & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Haines (2011)=X; Godfrey (1988)=Z; Wilson (1965); Murrell (1993); Zhang et al. (2008); Xiang et al. (2006); Fan & Xiang (2001); Eyde (1987); Xiang, Soltis, & Soltis (1998); Ferguson (1966c, 1966d)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CORNAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cornaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (Berchtold & J. Presl) Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Dogwood Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 85 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs, semicosmopolitan (mainly northern hemisphere). The Cornaceae is best circumscribed to exclude Nyssa (Xiang et al. 2002).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 15 - 25 feet, Spread 10 - 15 feet

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Stiff dogwood, a multi-stemmed, shrub or small tree produces white flowers borne in upright, flat-topped cymes in the spring. In the late summer these flowers have developed into bright blue drupes eaten by several bird species, including migratory songbirds. Native chiefly to the coastal plain, stiff dogwood is found along stream banks, alluvial woods and swamp forests. In the landscape this species prefers moist partially shaded situations, and can tolerate extended periods of flooding.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
837 1985-0502 View
4671 1992-0827 View
4751 1993-0023 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1586 837 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1587 837 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
7000 4671 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7089 4751 61 NCBG staff 1993-10-23 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: COFO
USDA Common Name: Stiff Dogwood
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cornaceae (Berchtold & J. Presl) Dumortier 1829 (Dogwood Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 85 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs, semicosmopolitan (mainly northern hemisphere). The Cornaceae is best circumscribed to exclude Nyssa (Xiang et al. 2002).
REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cornus L. (Dogwood)
SUMMARY: (contributed by Z.E. Murrell & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Haines (2011)=X; Godfrey (1988)=Z; Wilson (1965); Murrell (1993); Zhang et al. (2008); Xiang et al. (2006); Fan & Xiang (2001); Eyde (1987); Xiang, Soltis, & Soltis (1998); Ferguson (1966c, 1966d)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cornus foemina in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cornus foemina in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cornus foemina in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cornus foemina in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cornus foemina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cornus foemina

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 0
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

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