Plant Index


 
 
 

Cornus florida

Cornus florida L.

flowering dogwood

Synonym(s): Benthamidia florida, Cynoxylon floridum
Cultivar(s): Appalachian Spring, Cherokee Brave, Cherokee Chief, Dixie Colonnade, Little Princess, Pink Form, Rubra, Spring Grove
Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)
Image ID: 8912
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: COFL2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cornus florida
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1292 Appalachian Spring View
1293 Cherokee Brave View
1294 Cherokee Chief View
1295 Dixie Colonnade View
1296 Little Princess View
1297 Pink Form View
1298 Rubra View
1299 Spring Grove View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CORNU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cornus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Dogwood
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by Z.E. Murrell & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Haines (2011)=X; Godfrey (1988)=Z; Wilson (1965); Murrell (1993); Zhang et al. (2008); Xiang et al. (2006); Fan & Xiang (2001); Eyde (1987); Xiang, Soltis, & Soltis (1998); Ferguson (1966c, 1966d)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CORNAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cornaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (Berchtold & J. Presl) Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Dogwood Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 85 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs, semicosmopolitan (mainly northern hemisphere). The Cornaceae is best circumscribed to exclude Nyssa (Xiang et al. 2002).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) green or purple or red, glabrous or pubescent, puberulent. Leaf scars crescent-shaped or V-shaped, bundle scars 3 per leaf scar, stipule scars absent. Bark of mature trunks checkered or furrowed. Buds axillary or terminal, gray or green or tan, conic or globose, blunt or sharp, glabrous or pubescent, bud scales imbricate or valvate or single scale.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, simple, petiolate, opposite, 6–10(–15) cm long, 3–7 cm wide, obovate or oval or ovate, leaf margins entire or crenulate or serrulate, leaf apices acuminate or acute, leaf bases cuneate or obtuse or rounded. Leaf upper surface green, glabrate or pubescent, puberulent or strigose. Leaf lower surface gray or green or white, pubescent, strigose. Leaf venation pinnate, secondary veins on either side of the midvein 5–6. Petioles 1.2–2 cm long. Stipules absent.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences terminal, cymes or heads, flowers sessile.
FLOWERS: Flowers bisexual, epigynous. Perianth. Calyx radially symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 4 per flower, ascending, green or yellow or yellow-green, pubescent, puberulent, persistent. Corolla radially symmetric, funnelform, sympetalous. Petals 4 per flower, reflexed or ascending, green or pink or red or white or yellow or yellow-green, lorate or ovate, petal apices acute or rounded, pubescent, caducous. Androecium. Stamens 4 per flower, alternating with petals, separate. Gynoecium. Ovaries inferior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium syncarpous, 2 carpels per flower, styles 1 per pistil, placentation axile. Other floral features. Hypanthia present.
FRUITS: Fruits drupes, 0.8–1.8 cm long, red or scarlet or yellow, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Inflorescence subtended by 4 white (occasionally pink to red), showy, petal-like bracts; the actual petals are minute and typically greenish yellow; lateral leaf veins arch back toward the midvein as they approach the margin.
HEIGHT: 12-36 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: February or March or April or May or June.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern N. America & ne. Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
373 2011-0246 2011-11-29 377 View
827 1985-0491 View
828 1985-0492 View
829 1985-0493 View
1276 1986-1048 View
2062 1986-1858 View
2269 1986-2095 View
3723 1991-0418 View
4560 1992-0716 View
4886 1995-0004 View
5095 1995-0214 View
5567 1995-0691 View
6040 1995-1171 View
7322 2000-0059 2000-03-07 View
7646 2000-0411 2007-07-20 View
8370 2005-0146 2005-04-12 View
8371 2005-0147 2005-04-12 View
8372 2005-0148 2005-04-12 View
8373 2005-0149 2005-04-12 View
8391 2005-0167 2005-05-31 View
8594 2006-0173 2006-08-11 View
8716 2006-0412 2006-11-13 View
8740 2006-0491 2006-11-30 View
8775 2007-0045 2007-03-14 View
8784 2007-0054 2007-03-14 View
8786 2007-0056 2007-03-14 View
8797 2007-0067 2007-03-13 View
9245 2019-0004 2019-02-06 1962 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
377 HORT Liloia View
1962 HORT 2018-10-10 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
903 373 29 NCBG staff 2011-11-14 View
904 373 38 NCBG staff 2011-11-14 View
1567 827 177 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1568 827 153 NCBG staff 2002-12-15 View
1569 827 176 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1570 827 157 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1571 827 158 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1572 827 178 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1573 827 154 NCBG staff 1996-09-01 View
1574 828 198 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1575 829 159 NCBG staff 1981-03-26 View
2217 1276 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2218 1276 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3378 2062 1 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3379 2062 73 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3380 2062 77 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3381 2062 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3382 2062 72 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3383 2062 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3384 2062 75 Liloia 1986-12-31 View
3385 2062 78 Liloia 1986-12-31 View
3386 2062 189 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3387 2062 187 NCBG staff 2002-01-11 View
3388 2062 57 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3389 2062 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3938 2269 93 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3939 2269 94 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
6029 3723 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6889 4560 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7304 4886 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7517 5095 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8081 5567 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8690 6040 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10291 7322 154 NCBG staff 2000-03-01 View
10820 7646 155 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
10821 7646 160 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
11644 8371 153 NCBG staff 2006-01-01 View
11645 8372 153 NCBG staff 2006-06-01 View
11646 8373 153 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11650 8391 112 NCBG staff 2005-03-15 View
11784 8594 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11943 8716 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11978 8740 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12027 8775 69 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12036 8784 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12038 8786 60 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12049 8797 66 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12344 8391 100 Liloia 2011-03-29 View
12345 8391 103 Liloia 2011-03-29 View
12346 8391 105 Liloia 2011-03-29 View
12347 8370 112 Liloia 2011-03-29 View
12368 9245 112 Stern 2019-02-06 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: COFL2
USDA Common Name: Flowering Dogwood
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cornus florida
COMMON NAME: Flowering Dogwood
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y, Z; = Cynoxylon floridum (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex B.D. Jackson - S; = Benthamidia florida (Linnaeus) Spach - X]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Dry to moist forests and woodlands.
COMMENTS: ME west to MI, south to c. peninsular FL; disjunct in montane ne. Mexico (Veracruz and Nuevo Léon). The Mexican plants may warrant recognition as C. urbaniana. C. florida has been impacted since the 1980s by widespread infection by the dogwood anthracnose fungus (Discula destructiva).
RANGE MAP: Cornus florida.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cornaceae (Berchtold & J. Presl) Dumortier 1829 (Dogwood Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 85 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs, semicosmopolitan (mainly northern hemisphere). The Cornaceae is best circumscribed to exclude Nyssa (Xiang et al. 2002).
REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cornus L. (Dogwood)
SUMMARY: (contributed by Z.E. Murrell & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Haines (2011)=X; Godfrey (1988)=Z; Wilson (1965); Murrell (1993); Zhang et al. (2008); Xiang et al. (2006); Fan & Xiang (2001); Eyde (1987); Xiang, Soltis, & Soltis (1998); Ferguson (1966c, 1966d)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cornus florida in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cornus florida in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cornus florida in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cornus florida in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cornus florida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cornus florida

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8912
ID IMAGE2: 7376
ID IMAGE3: 8912

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45 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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