Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Clematis viorna

Clematis viorna L.

northern leatherflower, vase-vine, vasevine

Synonym(s): Clematis beadlei, Clematis gattingeri, Clematis viorna var. flaccida, Coriflora beadlei, Coriflora gattingeri, Coriflora viorna
Clematis viorna (Northern Leatherflower)
Image ID: 7851
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CLVI4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Clematis viorna
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CLEMA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Clematis
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Leather flower
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 295 species, shrubs, vines, and suffruticose herbs, of Eurasia, North America, South America, Africa, Madagascar, and Oceania. W.A. Weber (1995) proposes generic status (as Coriflora W.A. Weber) for the leatherflowers, here treated as Clematis, subgenus Viorna.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Additional species of Clematis, of Asian or European origin, are cultivated as ornamentals and might be encountered.
GENUS REFERENCES: Pringle in FNA (1997); Moreno & Essig in FNA (1997); Essig (1990); Keener (1975); Keener (1967); Pringle (1971)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: RANUNC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ranunculaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Buttercup Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 62 genera and 2450 species, herbs, shrubs, and vines, primarily of temperate and boreal regions. Classsification of subfamilies and tribes follows Wang et al. (2009). Subfamilies and tribes follow Wang et al. (2009).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Whittemore & Parfitt in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Keener (1977); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see HYDRASTIDACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: Climbs 8-10 feet or more

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Lavender flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Excellent delicate vine for the garden, use this plant as a climbing accent in shrubs or small trees. The thin twines will not harm your woody plants and the pink to lavender urn-shaped flowers will provide interest. Of course a fence post or trellis will work just as nicely. Anywhere you will be able to enjoy the show. The seed heads are reminiscent of little Truffula tree tufts (remember The Lorax?) and are seen into autumn. An easy vine to grow and tolerant of soil type in a filtered shade location.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Hummingbird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
322 2011-0189 2011-08-17 327 View
4606 1992-0762 View
5804 1995-0930 View
6030 1995-1161 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
327 HORT 2008-01-01 Liloia View
1848 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
746 322 17 Liloia 2011-05-12 View
747 322 38 Poythress 2011-11-02 View
748 322 34 Liloia 2012-03-21 View
749 322 16 Liloia 2012-05-13 View
751 322 42 Liloia 2012-05-13 View
6935 4606 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8318 5804 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8680 6030 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CLVI4
USDA Common Name: Vasevine
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (I)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Clematis viorna
COMMON NAME: Northern Leatherflower, Vase-vine
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W; > Viorna viorna (Linnaeus) Small - S; > Viorna beadlei Small - S; > Viorna flaccida (Small) Small - S; > Viorna gattingeri (Small) Small - S; > Coriflora viorna (Linnaeus) W.A. Weber; > Coriflora beadlei (Small) W.A. Weber]
PHENOLOGY: May-Sep.
HABITAT: Mesic forests, woodlands, thickets, especially over mafic rocks.
COMMENTS: PA, IL, and MO south to GA, AL, MS, and AR.
RANGE MAP: Clematis viorna.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ranunculaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Buttercup Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 62 genera and 2450 species, herbs, shrubs, and vines, primarily of temperate and boreal regions. Classsification of subfamilies and tribes follows Wang et al. (2009). Subfamilies and tribes follow Wang et al. (2009).
REFERENCE: Whittemore & Parfitt in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Keener (1977); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see HYDRASTIDACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Clematis L. (Leather flower)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 295 species, shrubs, vines, and suffruticose herbs, of Eurasia, North America, South America, Africa, Madagascar, and Oceania. W.A. Weber (1995) proposes generic status (as Coriflora W.A. Weber) for the leatherflowers, here treated as Clematis, subgenus Viorna.
REFERENCE: Pringle in FNA (1997); Moreno & Essig in FNA (1997); Essig (1990); Keener (1975); Keener (1967); Pringle (1971)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Clematis viorna in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Clematis viorna in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Clematis viorna in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Clematis viorna in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Clematis viorna in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Clematis viorna

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7851
ID IMAGE2: 7850
ID IMAGE3: 19512

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36 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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