Plant Index


 
 
 

Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica L.

eastern springbeauty, virginia springbeauty

Claytonia virginica (Eastern Springbeauty)
Image ID: 8871
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CLVI3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Claytonia virginica
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-27

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CLAYT
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Claytonia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Springbeauty
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 30 species, perennial herbs, of North America and e. Asia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Miller & Chambers (2006)=Y; Miller in FNA (2003b); Davis (1966)=Z; Lewis & Suda (1968); Lewis, Oliver, & Suda (1967); Carolin in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MONTIA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Montiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Montia Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 14 genera and 250 species, annual and perennial herbs and subshrubs, primarily of the Southern Hemisphere, but also occurring in North America and e. Asia.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Packer in FNA (2003b); Nyffeler & Eggli (2010); Carolin in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Delicate, erect perennial, often seen in small to large colonies, found in moist forests and well-drained floodplain forests.
STEMS: Stems from a round, underground corm; unbranched, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly opposite in a single pair (a few basal leaves may be present), linear with indistinguishable petiole, 2-8 in. long, thick, smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers 6-20 and erect or nodding in a small, open, terminal raceme; white to pink with darker pink stripes, about 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 5 oval petals, 2 blunt-tipped shorter sepals and 5 stamens with pink anthers.
FRUITS: Fruit an oval capsule.
COMMENTS: Like most spring ephemerals, plants disappear shortly after blooming.
HEIGHT: 4-6 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Feb-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White to light pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Spring Beauty is one of the first wildflowers to bloom in the early spring. They often form dense blankets of growth which covers low-lying, moist hardwood forest floors. Each plant produces a cluster of two or three small flowers about the size of a quarter. If you look closely, you can see a tinge of pink in the veins of the white petals. Small pollinators are attracted to the flowers. Like most spring ephemerals, the plants disappear shortly after blooming. Will spread by seeds when in ideal conditions.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
196 2011-0007 2011-01-05 195 View
2061 1986-1857 View
4251 1992-0407 View
5040 1995-0159 View
5091 1995-0210 View
5799 1995-0925 View
6028 1995-1159 View
7752 2001-0107 2001-06-14 View
7753 2001-0108 2001-06-14 View
9273 2020-0005 2020-03-23 1980 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
195 HORT NCBG staff View
1452 HORT 2007-04-17 Bryan View
1467 HORT 2005-04-29 Bryan View
1622 HORT 2005-04-29 Bryan View
1980 HORT 2015-04-19 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
386 196 32 NCBG staff 2011-03-29 View
387 196 32 Heiney 2011-03-03 View
388 196 12 NCBG staff 2012-03-21 View
390 196 15 NCBG staff 2012-03-21 View
391 196 34 NCBG staff 2012-03-21 View
392 196 25 Liloia 2013-04-01 View
3374 2061 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3375 2061 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3376 2061 11 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3377 2061 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6579 4251 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7459 5040 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7513 5091 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8313 5799 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8678 6028 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10946 7752 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10947 7752 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10948 7752 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10949 7753 60 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
10950 7753 65 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
10951 7753 68 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
10952 7753 69 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
10953 7753 71 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
10954 7753 74 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10955 7753 78 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12402 9273 20 Liloia 2020-03-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CLVI3
USDA Common Name: Virginia Springbeauty
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Montiaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Montia Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 14 genera and 250 species, annual and perennial herbs and subshrubs, primarily of the Southern Hemisphere, but also occurring in North America and e. Asia.
REFERENCE: Packer in FNA (2003b); Nyffeler & Eggli (2010); Carolin in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Claytonia L. (Springbeauty)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 30 species, perennial herbs, of North America and e. Asia.
REFERENCE: Miller & Chambers (2006)=Y; Miller in FNA (2003b); Davis (1966)=Z; Lewis & Suda (1968); Lewis, Oliver, & Suda (1967); Carolin in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Claytonia virginica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Claytonia virginica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Claytonia virginica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Claytonia virginica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Claytonia virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Claytonia virginica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8871
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8871

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20 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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