Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Clitoria mariana

Clitoria mariana L.

butterfly pea, atlantic pigeonwings, she-pea

Synonym(s): Martiusia mariana
Clitoria mariana (Butterfly Pea)
Image ID: 8903
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CLMA4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Clitoria mariana
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CLITO
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Clitoria
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pigeonwings
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, of tropical and warm temperate regions of the New and Old World.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Centrosema and Clitoria are unique among our legumes in having resupinate flowers, the pedicel twisted 180 degrees so that the large “standard” is lowermost. They are often confused; see key under Centrosema.
GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1998)=I; Fantz (2000, 2002b)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Sprawling, purple-flowered perennial of dry woodlands, openings and roadsides.
STEMS: Stems smooth and loosely ascending, often sprawling over other plants.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on petioles with a pair of stipules at the base, divided into 3 oval to elliptic leaflets, the middle leaflet on a stalk; smooth above and short-hairy beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in stalked clusters of 1-3 from leaf axils, pale blue to pinkish-lavender, 1-2 in. long, bilaterally symmetric and with typical pea flower shape, including a significantly larger, showy petal marked with dark purple lines. The much shorter calyx is tubular.
FRUITS: Fruit a linear-oblong, flattened pod tipped by the persistent style; upon splitting open, parts twist and sticky seeds are revealed.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to nearly 2 ft. long

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pale blue to pinkish-lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central U.S. & South America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
110 2012-0083 2012-11-13 111 View
4139 1992-0295 View
4923 1995-0041 View
5092 1995-0211 View
5624 1995-0748 View
6031 1995-1162 View
7013 1998-0282 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
111 HORT 2011-08-11 Poythress View
2270 NPMD 2019-10-01 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
190 110 15 Liloia 2012-08-15 View
191 110 16 Liloia 2012-08-15 View
6467 4139 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7342 4923 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7514 5092 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8138 5624 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8681 6031 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9888 7013 8 NCBG staff 1996-03-05 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CLMA4
USDA Common Name: Atlantic Pigeonwings
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Clitoria mariana var. mariana
COMMON NAME: Butterfly Pea, She-pea
SYNONYMY: [= Mo, Va, Z; < C. mariana - C, F, G, I, Il, K, Pa, RAB, SE, W, WH3; < Martiusia mariana (Linnaeus) Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Dry woodlands and openings, roadsides.
COMMENTS: NY (Long Island), NJ west to s. OH, s. IL, MO, and OK, south to c. peninsular FL, TX, and South America; disjunct in s. AZ. Var. pubescentia Fantz is endemic in c. and s. peninsular FL (see below). A third variety, var. orientalis Fantz, is endemic in se. Asia.
RANGE MAP: Clitoria mariana var. mariana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Clitoria L. (Pigeonwings)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, of tropical and warm temperate regions of the New and Old World.
REFERENCE: Isely (1998)=I; Fantz (2000, 2002b)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Clitoria mariana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Clitoria mariana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Clitoria mariana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Clitoria mariana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Clitoria mariana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Clitoria mariana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8903
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8903

From the Image Gallery


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13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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