Plant Index


 
 
 

Cicuta maculata

Cicuta maculata L.

spotted water hemlock, water-hemlock

Cicuta maculata (Spotted Water Hemlock)
Image ID: 8853
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CIMA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cicuta maculata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-20

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CICUT
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cicuta
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Water hemlock
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 8 species, herbs, north temperate in distribution.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Mulligan (1980)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: APIACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Apiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Coarse, erect perennial found in marshes, bogs, seepages, ditches and swamp forests.
STEMS: Stems stout, hollow, pale greenish-pink, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, short-petiolate with sheathing bases, to 1 ft. long and 1 ft. wide, 2-3 times pinnately divided into lance-shaped and sharply toothed leaflets.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in numerous flat-topped umbels at ends of stem and branches, white, 1/8 in. wide, consisting of 5 petals that are narrow at the base and notched at the tip, 5 white stamens and a divided style.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of green, flattened, winged seeds.
COMMENTS: An extremely toxic plant.
HEIGHT: 2-6 ft.

DURATION: Biennial, Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic, Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE: North America & Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
115 2012-0088 2012-11-13 116 View
1266 1986-1038 View
2267 1986-2093 View
3404 1991-0033 View
3951 1992-0107 View
5432 1995-0555 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
116 HORT 2011-10-20 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
203 115 15 NCBG staff 2012-08-15 View
2197 1266 83 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3935 2267 83 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5641 3404 6 NCBG staff 1987-07-01 View
5642 3404 63 NCBG staff 1987-07-01 View
6279 3951 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7946 5432 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CIMA2
USDA Common Name: Spotted Water Hemlock
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cicuta maculata
COMMON NAME: Water-hemlock
SYNONYMY: [= GW, Il, MC, RAB, W; = C. maculata var. maculata - Va; < C. maculata var. maculata - C, F, G, Pa (also see var. bolanderi); < C. maculata var. maculata - K, Z (also see C. mexicana); < C. maculata - WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Aug; Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Marshes, bogs, seepages, ditches, swamp forests.
COMMENTS: NS west to AK, south to FL, CA, and Mexico. Two other varieties are more northern or western: var. victorinii (Fernald) B. Boivin of QC and var. angustifolia Hooker of western North America. All parts of the plant, especially the tubers, are dangerously poisonous.
RANGE MAP: Cicuta maculata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cicuta L. (Water hemlock)
SUMMARY: A genus of 8 species, herbs, north temperate in distribution.
REFERENCE: Mulligan (1980)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cicuta maculata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cicuta maculata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cicuta maculata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cicuta maculata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cicuta maculata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cicuta maculata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8853
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8853

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 4537
13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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