Image ID: 8853
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cicuta maculata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-20
GENUS CODE: CICUT GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Cicuta GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Water hemlock GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 8 species, herbs, north temperate in distribution. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Mulligan (1980)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC.
FAMILY CODE: APIACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Apiaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
INTRO: Coarse, erectperennial found in marshes, bogs, seepages, ditches and swamp forests. STEMS: Stems stout, hollow,pale greenish-pink, smooth. LEAVES: Leaves alternate, short-petiolate with sheathing bases, to 1 ft. long and 1 ft. wide, 2-3 times pinnately divided into lance-shaped and sharply toothed leaflets. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in numerous flat-topped umbels at ends of stem and branches, white, 1/8 in. wide, consisting of 5 petals that are narrow at the base and notched at the tip, 5 white stamens and a divided style. FRUITS:Fruit a joined pair of green, flattened, winged seeds. COMMENTS: An extremely toxic plant. HEIGHT: 2-6 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY: LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: May-Aug
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Sep. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic, Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE: North America & Mexico HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cicuta maculata
COMMON NAME: Water-hemlock
SYNONYMY: [= GW, Il, MC, RAB, W; = C. maculata var. maculata - Va; < C. maculata var. maculata - C, F, G, Pa (also see var. bolanderi); < C. maculata var. maculata - K, Z (also see C. mexicana); < C. maculata - WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Aug; Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Marshes, bogs, seepages, ditches, swamp forests.
COMMENTS: NS west to AK, south to FL, CA, and Mexico. Two other varieties are more northern or western: var. victorinii (Fernald) B. Boivin of QC and var. angustifolia Hooker of western North America. All parts of the plant, especially the tubers, are dangerously poisonous.
RANGE MAP: Cicuta maculata.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Cicuta L. (Water hemlock) SUMMARY: A genus of 8 species, herbs, north temperate in distribution. REFERENCE: Mulligan (1980)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC.
SERNEC: Find Cicuta maculata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Cicuta maculata in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)