Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Chamaecyparis thyoides

Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

atlantic white cedar, juniper

Synonym(s): Chamaecyparis henryae, Chamaecyparis thyoides var. henryae, Cupressus thyoides, Cupressus thyoides ssp. henryae
Cultivar(s): Emily, Webb #1
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic White Cedar)
Image ID: 13561
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHTH2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaecyparis thyoides
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-03-29

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
203 Emily View
291 Webb #1 View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHAMA4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chamaecyparis
GENUS AUTHORITY: Spach
GENUS COMMON: Cedar
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 6 species, trees, of warm temperate to cool temperate North America and Asia. The genus consists of 5 species ours, 1 in w. North America, and 3 in Japan & Taiwan.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Mylecraine et al. (2005, 2006, 2009)=X; Michener in FNA (1993b); Farjon (2005)=Y; Farjon (1998)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CUPRES
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cupressaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartlett 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Cypress Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: up to 50 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Oct-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Native to wet areas from Maine to Florida, this evergreen tree grows into a slender columnar form. Its needlelike green foliage is often tinged with bronze in winter. It provides excellent screening if grown in full sun. Atlantic White-cedar is easy to grow and adaptable to garden situations. This southeastern native species has no serious disease or insect problems. Its wood is very strong, lightweight and rot-resistant, thus it has often been used for fence posts, boat building and similar uses. The NCBG Education Center actually is sided in Atlantic White-cedar!

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1908 1986-1693 View
2165 1986-1973 View
2503 1986-2362 View
7183 1999-0144 1999-11-08 View
8103 2004-0111 1899-11-30 0 View
9146 2007-0168 2007-07-17 1459 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
625 SOS 2015-11-11 Faucette View
760 SOS 2016-09-29 Faucette View
1459 HORT View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3019 1908 6 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3020 1908 134 NCBG staff 1986-01-01 View
3021 1908 71 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3022 1908 62 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3733 2165 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3734 2165 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3735 2165 53 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4261 2503 140 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10129 7183 158 NCBG staff 1999-11-01 View
10130 7183 52 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
12106 9146 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHTH2
USDA Common Name: Atlantic White Cedar
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaecyparis thyoides var. thyoides
COMMON NAME: Atlantic White Cedar, Juniper
SYNONYMY: [= X, Y, Z; < C. thyoides - C, F, FNA, G, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Oct-Nov.
HABITAT: Peat dome and streamhead pocosins, blackwater stream swamps, hillside seepages, in highly acidic, peaty or sandy soils.
COMMENTS: S. ME south to n. FL and west to s. MS. From NJ south it is strictly a tree of the Coastal Plain; northward it is often found in kettle-hole bogs. In SC and GA, C. thyoides is absent in the outer Coastal Plain, occurring primarily in the fall-line Sandhills. A prized timber tree, now much reduced in abundance, formerly used for cabinetry, boat-building, shingles, and other uses. The wood is valuable enough (and resistant enough to rot) to have been mined from bogs in NJ. NC has some of the largest remaining stands of Atlantic White Cedar, in areas of very difficult access, such as the interiors of major peat-domes and large peat-filled Carolina bays. The species is generally known as juniper in our area.
RANGE MAP: Chamaecyparis thyoides var. thyoides.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cupressaceae Bartlett 1830 (Cypress Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chamaecyparis Spach (Cedar)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 6 species, trees, of warm temperate to cool temperate North America and Asia. The genus consists of 5 species ours, 1 in w. North America, and 3 in Japan & Taiwan.
REFERENCE: Mylecraine et al. (2005, 2006, 2009)=X; Michener in FNA (1993b); Farjon (2005)=Y; Farjon (1998)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chamaecyparis thyoides in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chamaecyparis thyoides in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chamaecyparis thyoides in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chamaecyparis thyoides in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chamaecyparis thyoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chamaecyparis thyoides

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13561
ID IMAGE2: 13563
ID IMAGE3: 13562

From the Image Gallery


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20 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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