Plant Index


 
 
 

Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh

spotted wintergreen, pipsissewa, striped prince’s pine, striped wintergreen

Synonym(s): Chimaphila maculata var. dasystemma
Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen)
Image ID: 20814
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHMA3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chimaphila maculata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-11-29

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHIMA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chimaphila
GENUS AUTHORITY: Pursh
GENUS COMMON: Prince's pine
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 4-5 species, subshrubs, of temperate and tropical America, and Eurasia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Freeman in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Short, erect perennial found in forests and woodlands, usually of a drier, more acidic type.
STEMS: Stems slightly woody, unbranched, pinkish above the leaves, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate to whorled, petiolate, oval to lance-shaped (broadest below middle), to 4 in. long, sharply toothed, leathery and variegated with white along veins.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers (2-5) on short, nodding stalks branched from top of pinkish stem; waxy-white (sometimes tinged with pink); about 1/2 in. wide; consisting of 5 spreading concave petals surrounding a prominent green ovary and 10 stamens.
FRUITS: Fruit a ribbed, round capsule on a now-erect stalk.
COMMENTS: Wintergreen in the common name refers to the evergreen habit of the leaves (foliage and stem lack a scent).
HEIGHT: 4-8 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
47 2014-0003 2014-04-08 49 View
2266 1986-2092 View
3729 1991-0424 View
4574 1992-0730 View
4919 1995-0037 View
5086 1995-0205 View
5801 1995-0927 View
6023 1995-1154 View
6779 1996-0444 View
8757 2007-0002 2007-01-22 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
49 HORT 2012-12-29 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
62 47 24 Mixon 2014-04-08 View
3934 2266 81 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
6036 3729 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6903 4574 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7338 4919 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7505 5086 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8315 5801 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8668 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8669 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8670 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8671 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8672 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8673 6023 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9588 6779 8 NCBG staff 1996-12-16 View
12001 8757 137 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHMA3
USDA Common Name: Striped Prince's Pine
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AZ, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV), CAN (ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chimaphila maculata
COMMON NAME: Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K, L, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Forests and woodlands, mostly rather xeric and acid.
COMMENTS: ME west to MI, south to GA, FL Panhandle, and AL; disjunct in mountains of AZ, Mexico, and Central America south to Panama.
RANGE MAP: Chimaphila maculata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chimaphila Pursh (Prince's pine)
SUMMARY: A genus of 4-5 species, subshrubs, of temperate and tropical America, and Eurasia.
REFERENCE: Freeman in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chimaphila maculata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chimaphila maculata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chimaphila maculata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chimaphila maculata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chimaphila maculata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chimaphila maculata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 20814
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8849

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 10791
21 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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