Plant Index


 
 
 

Chrysopsis mariana

Chrysopsis mariana (L.) Elliott

maryland golden-aster, maryland goldenaster

Synonym(s): Chrysopsis mariana var. macradenia, Heterotheca mariana, Heterotheca mariana var. macradenia, Inula mariana
Chrysopsis mariana (Maryland Golden-aster)
Image ID: 19510
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHMA14
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chrysopsis mariana
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHRYS7
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chrysopsis
GENUS AUTHORITY: (Nutt.) Elliott
GENUS COMMON: Goldenaster
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 12-15 species, herbs, of se. North America, Mexico, and the Bahamas. This remains a difficult and rather poorly understood group. The appropriate taxonomic status of many of the entities remains unclear; for the moment, I am recognizing a number of entities at the specific level, the appropriate nomenclatural combinations not already available in all cases.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Semple in FNA (2006b); Semple (1981)=Z; Harms (1974)=Y; Semple (1996)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Nesom (2000b); DeLaney, Wunderlin, & Semple (2003). Key adapted from Semple (1981) and Semple in FNA (2006b). [also see Bradburia, Heterotheca and Pityopsis]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect to ascending perennial of dry forests and woodlands, old fields and roadsides.
STEMS: Stems branched above in the inflorescence and covered in long, white hairs.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, oblong-lance-shaped to elliptic, short-petiolate or sessile, 3/4-4 1/2 in. long (stem leaves shorter), covered with long white hairs.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in a dense, branched, terminal cluster; heads 3/4-1 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 12-25 golden yellow ray florets encircling a darker yellow central disk of many tiny, tubular florets. Whorls of tiny, green, pointed bracts bearing stalked glands surround the bell-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: June-October
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Maryland golden-aster is a Southeastern native perennial that brightens the fall garden. Golden-yellow daisy flowers with yellow centers are borne on loosely branched stems above a rosette of handsome foliage. This species is typically found growing in sandy or clay soils and in pine forests throughout the southeastern United States. It is easy to grow in poorer soils, as long as there is good drainage. Chrysopsis mariana is our 2018 Wildflower of the Year!

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
201 2011-0014 2011-01-13 200 View
283 2011-0142 2011-06-16 288 View
2183 1986-1995 View
2732 1987-0217 View
3992 1992-0148 View
5254 1995-0373 View
6026 1995-1157 View
6474 1996-0096 View
8198 2004-0216 2007-02-28 View
9143 2007-0163 2007-07-13 1456 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
200 HORT 2003-11-06 Bryan View
288 HORT 2009-01-01 NCBG staff View
901 SOS 2016-11-23 Faucette View
1121 HORT 2005-11-01 Bryan View
1344 HORT 2006-11-06 Bryan View
1456 HORT View
2112 NPMD 2020-10-22 Marzolf View
2288 NPMD 2019-10-15 Touloupas View
2293 NPMD 2019-10-15 Touloupas View
2313 NPMD 2019-10-21 Touloupas View
2336 NPMD 2019-11-08 Touloupas View
2350 NPMD 2019-11-15 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
405 201 30 NCBG staff 2011-11-01 View
406 201 12 NCBG staff 2011-11-02 View
407 201 39 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
408 201 29 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
674 283 21 NCBG staff 2011-06-16 View
3770 2183 57 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3771 2183 54 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3772 2183 58 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3773 2183 59 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3774 2183 56 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4553 2732 8 NCBG staff 1978-10-27 View
6320 3992 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7707 5254 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8676 6026 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9158 6474 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11463 8198 143 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12100 9143 51 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12101 9143 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12703 0 24 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12757 0 23 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHMA14
USDA Common Name: Maryland Goldenaster
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL UPL FACU UPL UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chrysopsis mariana
COMMON NAME: Maryland Golden-aster
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, K2, Pa, S, SE, Va, W, WH3, Z; = Heterotheca mariana (Linnaeus) Shinners - RAB, Y; > Chrysopsis mariana var. mariana - F; > C. mariana var. macradenia Fernald - F]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Dry forests and woodlands, roadsides, other dry habitats.
COMMENTS: Se. NY west to se. OH, c. KY, w. TN, south to c. peninsular FL and se. TX. As currently defined, C. mariana includes 2x (2n=8), 4x (2n=16), 6x (2n=24) and 8x (2n=32) races that have different distribution patterns that are allopatric or very nearly so (Semple & Chinnappa 1986). Diploids are found in the FL Panhandle and c. peninsula. Tetraploids only in ne. FL and the n. peninsula. Hexaploids range nearly throughout the non-FL portion of the speciesí distribution, in FL only in the nc. FL Panhandle. Octoploids are along the ne. coast of FL, on and near Merritts Island.
RANGE MAP: Chrysopsis mariana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chrysopsis (Nutt.) Elliott (Goldenaster)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 12-15 species, herbs, of se. North America, Mexico, and the Bahamas. This remains a difficult and rather poorly understood group. The appropriate taxonomic status of many of the entities remains unclear; for the moment, I am recognizing a number of entities at the specific level, the appropriate nomenclatural combinations not already available in all cases.
REFERENCE: Semple in FNA (2006b); Semple (1981)=Z; Harms (1974)=Y; Semple (1996)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Nesom (2000b); DeLaney, Wunderlin, & Semple (2003). Key adapted from Semple (1981) and Semple in FNA (2006b). [also see Bradburia, Heterotheca and Pityopsis]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chrysopsis mariana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chrysopsis mariana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chrysopsis mariana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chrysopsis mariana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chrysopsis mariana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chrysopsis mariana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19510
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19510

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22 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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