Plant Index


 
 
 

Chamaelirium luteum

Chamaelirium luteum (L.) A. Gray

fairy-wand, devil’s-bit, fairywand

Synonym(s): Chamaelirium obovale
Chamaelirium luteum (Fairy-wand)
Image ID: 8846
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHLU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaelirium luteum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-29

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHAMA6
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chamaelirium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Willd.
GENUS COMMON: Chamaelirium
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb of temperate e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Utech in FNA (2002a).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CHIONO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Chionographidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Takhtajan 1996
FAMILY COMMON: Fairy-wand Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera, and 5 species, perennial herbs, of e. Asia and e. North America.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Utech in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial from a basal rosette, found in a wide variety of habitats, including moist slopes, bottomlands, oak forests and wet pine savannas.
STEMS: Stem a smooth flowering stalk arising from center of a basal rosette.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal, broadly oval or spoon-shaped, 3–8 in. long, with 5–7 parallel veins and smaller netted veins between, thick; stem leaves alternate, narrower and shorter.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a long terminal spike, female-flowered plants with spikes to 12 in. long and male-flowered (more common) with spikes to 3 inches long and drooping at the tip. Flowers white, about 1/4 in. wide, consisting of 6 greenish-white (female) or white (male) tepals.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The white flowers of Fairywand rise in elegant racemes above its handsome thick green leaves. This species is somewhat unusual in that female and male flowers are borne on separate plants. Fairywand is found growing in moist woodlands and bogs, and thrives best in open areas where the soil always retains some moisture. The thick, leathery spatulate leaves are attractive in their own right and often persist through the winter.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
200 2011-0011 2011-01-07 199 View
2058 1986-1852 View
3606 1991-0271 View
4169 1992-0325 View
4918 1995-0036 View
5085 1995-0204 View
6017 1995-1148 View
9117 2006-0186 2006-08-15 1297 View
9221 2007-0425 2020-05-05 0 View
9459 2021-0117 2021-08-25 199 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
199 HORT 2008-10-23 Poythress View
1297 HORT 2001-09-04 Bryan View
1310 HORT 2006-01-01 Bryan View
1685 HORT 2005-01-01 Heiney View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
399 200 24 Wenck 2011-04-07 View
400 200 25 Wenck 2011-04-07 View
401 200 12 Wenck 2011-04-07 View
404 200 74 Liloia 2013-11-07 View
3364 2058 72 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3365 2058 73 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3366 2058 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3367 2058 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3368 2058 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3369 2058 188 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5890 3606 11 NCBG staff 1991-06-07 View
6497 4169 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7337 4918 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7504 5085 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8656 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8657 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8658 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8659 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8660 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8661 6017 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
11795 9117 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
11796 9117 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
12313 9221 66 Liloia 2007-11-27 View
12327 9117 66 NCBG staff 2009-10-01 View
12328 9117 60 NCBG staff 2009-10-01 View
12870 9459 25 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHLU
USDA Common Name: Fairywand
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaelirium luteum
COMMON NAME: Devil's-bit, Fairy-wand
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Tn, W, WH3, Z; > C. luteum - S; > C. obovale Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Moist slopes, bottomlands, wet savannas.
COMMENTS: MA west to ON, OH, s. IN, and AR, south to FL and LA. The ecological amplitude and morphologic variability of this species is surprising; it needs additional, more careful, study. C. obovale Small (or other previously unnamed entities) may warrant recognition at some level and need additional study.
RANGE MAP: Chamaelirium luteum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Chionographidaceae Takhtajan 1996 (Fairy-wand Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera, and 5 species, perennial herbs, of e. Asia and e. North America.
REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Utech in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chamaelirium Willd. (Chamaelirium)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb of temperate e. North America.
REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Utech in FNA (2002a).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chamaelirium luteum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chamaelirium luteum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chamaelirium luteum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chamaelirium luteum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chamaelirium luteum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chamaelirium luteum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8846
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8846

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40 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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