Synonym(s): Chamaelirium obovale
Image ID: 8846
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaelirium luteum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-29
GENUS CODE: CHAMA6 GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Chamaelirium GENUS AUTHORITY: Willd. GENUS COMMON: Chamaelirium GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb of temperate e. North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Utech in FNA (2002a).
FAMILY CODE: CHIONO FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Chionographidaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Takhtajan 1996 FAMILY COMMON: Fairy-wand Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera, and 5 species, perennial herbs, of e. Asia and e. North America. FAMILY REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Utech in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).
INTRO:Erectperennial from a basal rosette, found in a wide variety of habitats, including moist slopes, bottomlands, oak forests and wet pine savannas.
STEMS:Stem a smooth flowering stalk arising from center of a basal rosette. LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal, broadly oval or spoon-shaped, 3–8 in. long, with 5–7 parallel veins and smaller netted veins between, thick; stem leaves alternate, narrower and shorter. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in a long terminalspike, female-flowered plants with spikes to 12 in. long and male-flowered (more common) with spikes to 3 inches long and drooping at the tip. Flowers white, about 1/4 in. wide, consisting of 6 greenish-white (female) or white (male) tepals. FRUITS: COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 1-4 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Jun
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The white flowers of Fairywand rise in elegant racemes above its handsome thick green leaves. This species is somewhat unusual in that female and male flowers are borne on separate plants. Fairywand is found growing in moist woodlands and bogs, and thrives best in open areas where the soil always retains some moisture. The thick, leathery spatulate leaves are attractive in their own right and often persist through the winter.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaelirium luteum
COMMON NAME: Devil's-bit, Fairy-wand
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Tn, W, WH3, Z; > C. luteum - S; > C. obovale Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Moist slopes, bottomlands, wet savannas.
COMMENTS: MA west to ON, OH, s. IN, and AR, south to FL and LA. The ecological amplitude and morphologic variability of this species is surprising; it needs additional, more careful, study. C. obovale Small (or other previously unnamed entities) may warrant recognition at some level and need additional study.
RANGE MAP: Chamaelirium luteum.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Chionographidaceae Takhtajan 1996 (Fairy-wand Family) SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera, and 5 species, perennial herbs, of e. Asia and e. North America. REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Utech in FNA (2002a); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Chamaelirium Willd. (Chamaelirium) SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb of temperate e. North America. REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997a)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Utech in FNA (2002a).
SERNEC: Find Chamaelirium luteum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Chamaelirium luteum in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)