Plant Index


 
 
 

Cercis canadensis

Cercis canadensis L.

eastern redbud, eastern redbud, judas tree

Cultivar(s): Ace of Hearts, Appalachian Red, Covey, Floating Clouds, Forest Pansy, Hearts of Gold, Little Woody, Pauline Lily, Rising Sun, Royal White, Tennessee Pink, Unknown A
Cercis canadensis (Eastern Redbud)
Image ID: 12394
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CECA4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cercis canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1227 Ace of Hearts View
1228 Appalachian Red View
1229 Covey View
1230 Floating Clouds View
1231 Forest Pansy View
1232 Hearts of Gold View
1233 Little Woody View
1234 Pauline Lily View
1711 Rising Sun View
1235 Royal White View
1236 Tennessee Pink View
1237 Unknown A View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CERCI2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cercis
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Redbud
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 6-10 species, trees of north temperate areas. Apparently the basalmost (evolutionarily the earliest diverging) extant genus in the Fabaceae (Lewis et al. 2005).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1975)=Z; Isely (1990)=SE; Robertson & Lee (1976)=Y; Isely (1998)=I.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: A small deciduous tree, usually ranging from 5–10 m (16–33 ft.) tall when mature. Bark of older trunks is gray-brown, and shallowly furrowed and ridged, sometimes flaky. Leaves are alternate, 5–12.5 cm long, and about as wide or wider. Leaves are typically heart-shaped, without teeth or lobes along the margin. Leaves bear 5 (sometimes 7) prominent veins that branch from the base of the leaf blade. Flowers are small, but showy, pinkish or purplish (occasionally white), and shaped like garden pea flowers. They appear in clusters on older branches or the trunk, usually before the leaves emerge. Fruits are flat pods (legumes), 4–10 cm long, turning from green to brown or black when mature. Redbud, a common forest tree throughout much of the eastern United States, is one of the first trees to flower in spring.
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) black or brown or reddish-brown, glabrous. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous. Leaf scars triangular, bundle scars 2–3 per leaf scar, stipule scars absent. Bark of mature trunks flaky or furrowed or ridged. Buds axillary or superposed, black or purple or reddish-brown, 2–3 mm long, blunt, glabrous or pubescent, bud scales imbricate or valvate.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, simple, petiolate, alternate, 5–12.5 cm long, 6–15 cm wide, cordate or orbiculate or ovate or reniform, leaf margins entire, leaf apices acuminate or acute or obtuse, leaf bases cordate or truncate. Leaf upper surface blue-green or green, glabrous or glabrate. Leaf lower surface green, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent. Leaf venation palmate. Petioles 4–13 cm long. Stipules present, caducous.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences axillary, fascicles or simple umbels, flowers stalked.
FLOWERS: Flowers bisexual. Perianth. Calyx bilaterally symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 5 per flower, calyx tubes 2–3 mm long, ascending or appressed, purple or red or rose, persistent. Corolla bilaterally symmetric, apopetalous. Petals 5 per flower, 5–10 mm long, spreading or ascending, pink or purple or rose or white, keeled or oblong or ovate, petal apices rounded. Androecium. Stamens 10 per flower, separate. Gynoecium. Ovaries superior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium monocarpous, 1 carpels per flower, styles 1 per pistil, placentation marginal. Other floral features. Hypanthia present.
FRUITS: Fruits legumes, 4–10 cm long, black or brown, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Leaves appear to be simple but are technically unifoliolate, apparently resulting from the reduction of a compound leaf to a single leaflet, as is evident by a small angled extension (pulvinus) at the end of the leaf stalk; flowers emerge in clusters on older branches or the trunk.
HEIGHT: 16–33 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: February or March or April or May.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Rosy pink/purple flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: central & eastern U.S.

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Redbud is a great small flowering tree for the home. As spring approaches this native produces a beautiful array of flower clusters all along bare branches. This happens before leaves emerge, which makes it all the more showy. Its heart shaped leaves are three to five inches across and can have an attractive yellow fall color. Two to three inch brown, pea-like seed pods will form in clusters around mid-summer. Branches have a zig-zag appearance and this can add great architecture to the landscape during the dormant season. This genus supports up to 19 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
216 2011-0042 2011-01-31 215 View
808 1985-0469 View
809 1985-0470 View
2057 1986-1851 View
2818 1987-0318 View
3517 1991-0170 View
3746 1991-0441 View
4524 1992-0680 View
4917 1995-0035 View
5082 1995-0201 View
5622 1995-0746 View
6015 1995-1146 View
7644 2000-0409 2007-07-20 View
8360 2005-0136 2005-04-12 View
8361 2005-0137 2005-04-12 View
8362 2005-0138 2005-04-12 View
8363 2005-0139 2005-04-12 View
8364 2005-0140 2005-04-12 View
8365 2005-0141 2005-04-12 View
8366 2005-0142 2005-04-12 View
8380 2005-0156 2005-04-12 View
8382 2005-0158 2005-04-12 View
8383 2005-0159 2005-04-12 View
8384 2005-0160 2005-04-12 View
8385 2005-0161 2005-04-12 View
8386 2005-0162 2005-04-12 View
8599 2006-0178 2006-08-11 View
8766 2007-0035 2007-03-14 View
8782 2007-0052 2007-03-14 View
8790 2007-0060 2007-03-14 View
8792 2007-0062 2007-03-14 View
8844 2007-0154 2007-06-20 View
9148 2007-0171 2007-07-17 1461 View
9179 2012-0109 2020-04-08 1935 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
215 HORT 2011-01-01 Liloia View
1461 HORT View
1935 HORT 2012-06-05 MacIntyre View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
437 216 100 Tomberlin 2011-02-01 View
438 216 46 Tomberlin 2011-02-22 View
439 216 28 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
440 217 103 Wenck 2011-02-01 View
1543 808 157 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1544 808 155 NCBG staff 2002-12-15 View
1545 808 164 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1546 809 181 NCBG staff 1981-03-26 View
3361 2057 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3362 2057 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3363 2057 188 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4678 2818 8 NCBG staff 1979-03-18 View
4679 2818 8 NCBG staff 1979-03-18 View
4680 2818 8 NCBG staff 1979-03-18 View
4681 2818 8 NCBG staff 1979-03-18 View
5774 3517 200 NCBG staff 1991-12-04 View
6053 3746 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6852 4524 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7336 4917 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7501 5082 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8136 5622 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8648 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8649 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8650 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8651 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8652 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8653 6015 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
10817 7644 155 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
10818 7644 157 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
11640 8363 153 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11641 8364 153 NCBG staff 2006-06-01 View
11642 8365 162 NCBG staff 2006-10-01 View
11647 8380 153 NCBG staff 2006-06-01 View
11789 8599 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12013 8766 65 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12034 8782 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12042 8790 68 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12044 8792 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12086 8844 73 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12109 9148 53 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12149 9179 176 MacIntyre 2012-06-06 View
12272 8366 142 Liloia 2000-01-01 View
12656 0 19 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12852 0 21 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CECA4
USDA Common Name: Eastern Redbud
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL UPL FACU UPL FACU FACU UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cercis L. (Redbud)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 6-10 species, trees of north temperate areas. Apparently the basalmost (evolutionarily the earliest diverging) extant genus in the Fabaceae (Lewis et al. 2005).
REFERENCE: Isely (1975)=Z; Isely (1990)=SE; Robertson & Lee (1976)=Y; Isely (1998)=I.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cercis canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cercis canadensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cercis canadensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cercis canadensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cercis canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cercis canadensis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12394
ID IMAGE2: 7275
ID IMAGE3: 12394

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33 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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