Plant Index


 
 
 

Carphephorus tomentosus

Carphephorus tomentosus (Michx.) Torr. & A. Gray

carolina chaffhead, woolly chaffhead

Synonym(s): Carphephorus tomentosus var. walteri
Carphephorus tomentosus (Carolina Chaffhead)
Image ID: 13446
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CATO5
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carphephorus tomentosus
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-11-27

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CARPH
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Carphephorus
GENUS AUTHORITY: Cass.
GENUS COMMON: Chaffhead
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, herbs, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain of North America. The merger of Trilisa and Litrisa into Carphephorus has been questioned (Schmidt & Schilling 2000) and Schilling (2011) provides evidence that both Trilisa and Litrisa should be maintained as separate genera. Schilling (2011b) states that Carphephorus s.s. remains enigmatic, and not only do the features that appear to be diagnostic for the genus appear to be plesiomorphies (elongate rootstocks; cymose capitulescences; larger heads; and notched tips of the anther appendages), there is no evidence from the molecular results that it represents a monophyletic entity. One potential resolution would be to recognize as distinct genera C. corymbosus, C. pseudoliatris, and C. bellidifolius + C. tomentosus. A second and perhaps better approach would be to combine Carphephorus s.s. (e.g. excluding Trilisa and Litrisa) and Liatris into a single genus. The only species of this complex not occurring in our area is Litrisa carnosa Small (of c. peninsular FL).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in FNA (2006c); Schilling (2011)=V; Correa & Wilbur (1969)=Z; DeLaney, Bissett, & Weidenhamer (1999)=Y; Orzell & Bridges (2002)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of savannas, flatwoods, seepage slopes, sandy/boggy clearings and moist to dry sandhill woodlands.
STEMS: Stems 1-several, branched above, reddish-purple-tinged, usually densely hairy but may be partially or totally smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate, narrowly elliptic to oblong, to 5 in. long (reduced and sessile upward); stem leaves held close to stem.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) at tips of ascending upper branches, about 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 15-20 rosy-pink, 5-lobed, tubular disk florets (no rays) and protruding stamens. Several series of sticky-glandular, pointed, reddish-purple or green bracts surround the bell-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Endemic to se VA south to s GA.
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Rosy-pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
157 2007-0279 2007-11-15 158 View
303 2011-0167 2011-07-09 307 View
389 2011-0280 2011-12-20 393 View
1822 1986-1603 View
7580 2000-0343 2000-10-18 View
9208 2006-0324 2020-05-05 1151 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
158 HORT 2006-10-01 Heiney View
307 HORT 2009-12-08 Poythress View
393 HORT 2010-12-01 Poythress View
1151 HORT 2006-10-08 Liloia View
1170 HORT 2006-11-03 Walker View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
317 157 51 Liloia 2007-11-15 View
716 303 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View
933 389 44 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
934 389 48 Mixon 2013-06-01 View
2910 1822 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
10668 7580 56 NCBG staff 1998-11-01 View
12285 9208 52 Liloia 2007-11-14 View
12286 9208 55 Liloia 2007-11-14 View
12287 9208 54 Liloia 2007-11-14 View
12288 9208 58 Liloia 2007-11-14 View
12289 9208 57 Liloia 2007-11-14 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CATO5
USDA Common Name: Woolly Chaffhead
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (GA, NC, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carphephorus tomentosus
COMMON NAME: Carolina Chaffhead
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, GW, K, RAB, S, SE, V, Va, Z; > C. tomentosus var. tomentosus - F; > C. tomentosus var. walteri (Elliott) Fernald - F]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Savannas, flatwoods, and sandhills.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to s. GA. The specific epithet is somewhat misleading; C. tomentosus is highly variable in its pubescence, ranging from glabrate to densely hirsute.
RANGE MAP: Carphephorus tomentosus.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Carphephorus Cass. (Chaffhead)
SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, herbs, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain of North America. The merger of Trilisa and Litrisa into Carphephorus has been questioned (Schmidt & Schilling 2000) and Schilling (2011) provides evidence that both Trilisa and Litrisa should be maintained as separate genera. Schilling (2011b) states that Carphephorus s.s. remains enigmatic, and not only do the features that appear to be diagnostic for the genus appear to be plesiomorphies (elongate rootstocks; cymose capitulescences; larger heads; and notched tips of the anther appendages), there is no evidence from the molecular results that it represents a monophyletic entity. One potential resolution would be to recognize as distinct genera C. corymbosus, C. pseudoliatris, and C. bellidifolius + C. tomentosus. A second and perhaps better approach would be to combine Carphephorus s.s. (e.g. excluding Trilisa and Litrisa) and Liatris into a single genus. The only species of this complex not occurring in our area is Litrisa carnosa Small (of c. peninsular FL).
REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2006c); Schilling (2011)=V; Correa & Wilbur (1969)=Z; DeLaney, Bissett, & Weidenhamer (1999)=Y; Orzell & Bridges (2002)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Carphephorus tomentosus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Carphephorus tomentosus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Carphephorus tomentosus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Carphephorus tomentosus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Carphephorus tomentosus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carphephorus tomentosus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13446
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 13447
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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