Plant Index


 
 
 

Calycanthus floridus

Calycanthus floridus L.

sweet-shrub, carolina allspice, strawberry-shrub, sweet bubby-bush

Cultivar(s): Athens, White Flower form
Calycanthus floridus (Sweet-shrub)
Image ID: 12862
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CAFL22
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Calycanthus floridus
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
201 Athens View
3 White Flower form View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CALYC5
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Calycanthus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Sweetshrub
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2-4 species, 2 (or 1) of e. North America, 1 of w. North America, and 1 of China (the latter sometimes segregated as a separate genus, Sinocalycanthus).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Johnson in FNA (1997); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Nicely (1965)=Z; Ferry & Ferry (1987)=Y.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CALYCA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Calycanthaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1819
FAMILY COMMON: Sweet-shrub Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and about 8 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate e. China, temperate e. North America, temperate w. North America, and tropical ne. Australia.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nicely (1965); Wood (1958); Li et al. (2004); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This southeastern native shrub produces fragrant reddish-brown flowers in late spring. Try planting smooth sweetshrub as part of a shrub border near your house so you can enjoy the strawberry- pineapple fragrance of its flowers. Its foliage turns bright yellow in the fall. The Cherokee Indians used the root and bark to treat kidney ailments. By lightly pruning after flowering, you can keep smooth sweetshrub more compact.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
204 2011-0016 2011-01-25 203 View
797 1985-0456 View
2263 1986-2088 View
3087 1989-0041 View
4852 1994-0061 View
5975 1995-1106 View
7084 1999-0034 1999-08-06 View
8290 2005-0007 2005-03-12 View
8873 2011-0096 2011-05-04 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
203 HORT 2011-01-24 Poythress View
1162 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View
1838 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
415 204 32 Poythress 2011-03-03 View
982 8873 36 Randall 2011-04-19 View
1518 797 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3931 2263 94 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5127 3087 1 NCBG staff 2001-05-09 View
7254 4852 27 NCBG staff 1994-06-06 View
8566 5975 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8567 5975 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
10012 7084 174 NCBG staff 1999-04-14 View
11572 8290 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
12231 8290 205 Liloia 2011-03-18 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CAFL22
USDA Common Name: Eastern Sweetshrub
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Calycanthus floridus
COMMON NAME: Sweet-shrub, Strawberry-shrub, Carolina Allspice, Sweet Bubby-bush
SYNONYMY: [= Il, Va; > C. floridus Linnaeus var. floridus - Fl, FNA, GW, K, Pa, RAB, WH3, Y, Z; > C. floridus Linnaeus var. glaucus (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray - C, Fl, FNA, K, WH3, Y; > C. floridus var. laevigatus (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray - GW, Pa, RAB, Z; > C. floridus - F; > C. fertilis Walter - F, G; > C. floridus - S; > C. mohrii Small - S; > C. fertilis - S; > C. nanus Loiseleur - S; > C. floridus var. oblongifolius (Nuttall) Boufford & Spongberg]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Aug-Sep.
HABITAT: Forested slopes and streambanks.
COMMENTS: PA, WV, and KY, south to GA, nw. FL, AL, and s. MS. Two varieties have traditionally been recognized, var. floridus with pubescent twigs, petioles, and leaf undersurfaces, and var. glaucus with glabrous (or sparsely pubescent) twigs, petioles, and leaf undersurfaces. They have broadly overlapping distributions and variable characters and seem best considered as taxonomically uninformative variation. The outer edges of the natural original distribution are somewhat unclear, because of extensive cultivation for centuries.
RANGE MAP: Calycanthus floridus.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Calycanthaceae Lindley 1819 (Sweet-shrub Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and about 8 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate e. China, temperate e. North America, temperate w. North America, and tropical ne. Australia.
REFERENCE: Nicely (1965); Wood (1958); Li et al. (2004); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Calycanthus L. (Sweetshrub)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2-4 species, 2 (or 1) of e. North America, 1 of w. North America, and 1 of China (the latter sometimes segregated as a separate genus, Sinocalycanthus).
REFERENCE: Johnson in FNA (1997); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Nicely (1965)=Z; Ferry & Ferry (1987)=Y.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Calycanthus floridus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Calycanthus floridus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Calycanthus floridus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Calycanthus floridus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Calycanthus floridus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Calycanthus floridus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12862
ID IMAGE2: 7449
ID IMAGE3: 22693

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 36073
20 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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