Plant Index


 
 
 

Cardamine diphylla

Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph. Wood

broad-leaf toothwort, crinkleroot, toothwort

Synonym(s): Dentaria diphylla, Dentaria incisa
Cardamine diphylla (Broad-leaf Toothwort)
Image ID: 13231
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CADI10
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardamine diphylla
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-12-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CARDA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cardamine
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Bittercress
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Dentaria should apparently be included (Sweeney & Price 2000).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Al-Shehbaz, Marhold, & Lihová in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993)=Z; Sweeney & Price (2001)=Y; Al-Shehbaz (1988a)=X; Sweeney & Price (2000); Franzke et al. (1998). Key based in part on Turrill, Evans, & Gilliam (1994) and Y.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BRASSI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Brassicaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Burnett 1835 or CRUCIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mustard Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 340 genera and 3400 species, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and rarely trees and vines, of cosmopolitan distribution (but most diverse in the temperate Northern Hemisphere).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993); Al-Shehbaz (1984, 1985a, 1985b, 1986, 1987, 1988a, 1988b); Appel & Al-Shehbaz in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, spring-flowering perennial found in rich, mesic forests.
STEMS: Stems smooth, arising from a branching rhizome near the soil surface.
LEAVES: Basal leaves to 10 in. long and divided into 3 ovate, toothed leaflets with pale veins; often evergreen. Stem leaves, in a single pair at mid-stem, resemble basal leaves.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a short terminal raceme, white, nearly 1 in. wide when fully open, consisting of 4 oval petals that later turn pink.
FRUITS: Fruit a thin, linear green pod that rarely produces seeds.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 6-15 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White or light pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: May-Jun.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
180 2008-0352 2019-07-05 180 View
2055 1986-1849 View
6462 1996-0082 2007-03-20 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
180 HORT 2008-03-17 MacIntyre View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
357 180 171 MacIntyre 2008-03-17 View
3353 2055 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3354 2055 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3355 2055 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3356 2055 78 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3357 2055 79 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3358 2055 8 NCBG staff 1996-03-28 View
9138 6462 60 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
9139 6462 68 Liloia 1996-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CADI10
USDA Common Name: Crinkleroot
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardamine diphylla
COMMON NAME: Crinkleroot, Toothwort
SYNONYMY: [= C, K, Pa, RAB, Va, X, Y, Z; = Dentaria diphylla Michaux - F, G, Il, W; > Dentaria diphylla - S; > Dentaria incisa Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; May-Jun.
HABITAT: Rich, mesic forests.
COMMENTS: NB west to MN, south to n. GA, SC, and AL.
RANGE MAP: Cardamine diphylla.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Brassicaceae Burnett 1835 or CRUCIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mustard Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 340 genera and 3400 species, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and rarely trees and vines, of cosmopolitan distribution (but most diverse in the temperate Northern Hemisphere).
REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993); Al-Shehbaz (1984, 1985a, 1985b, 1986, 1987, 1988a, 1988b); Appel & Al-Shehbaz in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cardamine L. (Bittercress)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Dentaria should apparently be included (Sweeney & Price 2000).
REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz, Marhold, & Lihová in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993)=Z; Sweeney & Price (2001)=Y; Al-Shehbaz (1988a)=X; Sweeney & Price (2000); Franzke et al. (1998). Key based in part on Turrill, Evans, & Gilliam (1994) and Y.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cardamine diphylla in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cardamine diphylla in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cardamine diphylla in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cardamine diphylla in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cardamine diphylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cardamine diphylla

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13231
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 4845

Image ID: 13232

Image ID: 13233

Image ID: 10735
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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