Plant Index


 
 
 

Castilleja coccinea

Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng.

eastern indian-paintbrush

Synonym(s): Castilleja ludoviciana
Castilleja coccinea (Eastern Indian-paintbrush)
Image ID: 19318
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CACO17
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Castilleja coccinea
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CASTI2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Castilleja
GENUS AUTHORITY: Mutis ex L. f.
GENUS COMMON: Indian paintbrush
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, hemiparasitic herbs, primarily of w. North America, with a few species also in e. North America, Eurasia, Central America, and Andean South America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Egger et al. in FNA (in prep.); Nesom & Egger (2014)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based in part on Nesom & Egger (2014).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: OROBAN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Orobanchaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Ventenat 1799
FAMILY COMMON: Broomrape Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 96 genera and 2060 species, root-parasitic herbs lacking chlorophyll (Orobanchaceae sensu stricto) and chlorophyllose hemi-parasites (formerly placed in the Scrophulariaceae), of temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere (Manen et al. 2004).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Thieret (1971); Olmstead et al. (2001); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect annual/biennial found in woodlands, fens, barrens, rock outcrops, meadows, wet pastures and grassy openings, usually over mafic rocks.
STEMS: Stems arising from a basal rosette, mostly unbranched, purple-tinged, hairy.
LEAVES: Basal leaves vary from oblong-oval to elliptic or linear, 1-3 in. long, with entire margins, though tips may be irregularly incised); stem leaves alternate, to 3 in. long and often deeply divided into 3-5 linear or oblong segments.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a dense terminal spike, with showy bright red (or red-tipped), hairy, 3- to 5-lobed bracts that are more prominent than the greenish-yellow flowers. The corolla is tubular with 2 lips, one much longer than the other and enclosing the stamens; it is included within, and barely surpassing, the 2-lobed, tubular calyx, which may be red.
FRUITS: Fruit an oblong, pointed capsule.
COMMENTS: Semi-parasitic on a variety of hosts.
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Annual
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Red
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: May-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
258 2011-0100 2011-05-04 263 View
9407 2021-0065 2021-05-24 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
261 HORT 2009-05-17 Poythress View
262 HORT 2010-05-12 Poythress View
263 HORT 2011-05-18 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
612 258 36 Randall 2011-04-19 View
613 258 14 NCBG staff 2011-03-01 View
614 258 19 NCBG staff 2011-03-01 View
615 258 16 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
616 258 111 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
617 258 28 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
619 258 17 Poythress 2011-10-18 View
620 258 102 Steen 2011-12-07 View
12701 9407 16 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CACO17
USDA Common Name: Scarlet Indian Paintbrush
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NS, ON, SK)
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
19493 S3 S3 G5 G5 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Castilleja coccinea
COMMON NAME: Eastern Indian-paintbrush
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K2, Mo, P, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; May-Aug.
HABITAT: Woodlands, fens, barrens, rock outcrops, meadows, wet pastures, grassy openings, usually over mafic rocks.
COMMENTS: ME, NY, and MN south to SC, n. GA, n. AL, c. MS, w. LA, and OK.
RANGE MAP: Castilleja coccinea.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Orobanchaceae Ventenat 1799 (Broomrape Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 96 genera and 2060 species, root-parasitic herbs lacking chlorophyll (Orobanchaceae sensu stricto) and chlorophyllose hemi-parasites (formerly placed in the Scrophulariaceae), of temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere (Manen et al. 2004).
REFERENCE: Thieret (1971); Olmstead et al. (2001); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Castilleja Mutis ex L. f. (Indian paintbrush)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, hemiparasitic herbs, primarily of w. North America, with a few species also in e. North America, Eurasia, Central America, and Andean South America.
REFERENCE: Egger et al. in FNA (in prep.); Nesom & Egger (2014)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based in part on Nesom & Egger (2014).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Castilleja coccinea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Castilleja coccinea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Castilleja coccinea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Castilleja coccinea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Castilleja coccinea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja coccinea

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19318
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19318

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39 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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