Plant Index


 
 
 

Carphephorus bellidifolius

Carphephorus bellidifolius (Michx.) Torr. & A. Gray

sandywoods chaffhead, sandhill chaffhead

Carphephorus bellidifolius (Sandywoods Chaffhead)
Image ID: 19453
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CABE4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carphephorus bellidifolius
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-08

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CARPH
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Carphephorus
GENUS AUTHORITY: Cass.
GENUS COMMON: Chaffhead
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, herbs, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain of North America. The merger of Trilisa and Litrisa into Carphephorus has been questioned (Schmidt & Schilling 2000) and Schilling (2011) provides evidence that both Trilisa and Litrisa should be maintained as separate genera. Schilling (2011b) states that Carphephorus s.s. remains enigmatic, and not only do the features that appear to be diagnostic for the genus appear to be plesiomorphies (elongate rootstocks; cymose capitulescences; larger heads; and notched tips of the anther appendages), there is no evidence from the molecular results that it represents a monophyletic entity. One potential resolution would be to recognize as distinct genera C. corymbosus, C. pseudoliatris, and C. bellidifolius + C. tomentosus. A second and perhaps better approach would be to combine Carphephorus s.s. (e.g. excluding Trilisa and Litrisa) and Liatris into a single genus. The only species of this complex not occurring in our area is Litrisa carnosa Small (of c. peninsular FL).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in FNA (2006c); Schilling (2011)=V; Correa & Wilbur (1969)=Z; DeLaney, Bissett, & Weidenhamer (1999)=Y; Orzell & Bridges (2002)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect-ascending perennial of dry sandy forests and woodlands, primarily in the Sandhills region.
STEMS: Stems 1-several, smooth or short-hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves basal (numerous) and alternate on the stem, petiolate, elliptic to oblong-lance-shaped with blunt tips, to 8 in. long (reduced and becoming sessile upward), mostly smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in much-branched terminal cluster that is as broad as long; heads 1/2-3/4 in. wide, consisting of 15-30 pink to purple, 5-lobed, tubular disk florets and protruding stamens. Several series of recurved, hairy-margined, green (tinged purple) bracts surround the bell-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-1 3/4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink, purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Sandhills, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: VA, NC, SC & GA

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
302 2011-0166 2011-07-09 306 View
6415 1996-0031 View
7556 2000-0319 2000-10-05 View
7850 2001-0210 2001-11-29 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
306 HORT 2009-10-16 Poythress View
871 SOS 2016-11-20 Dakar View
1448 HORT 2006-11-26 Liloia View
2342 NPMD 2019-11-11 Touloupas View
2348 NPMD 2019-11-11 Touloupas View
2396 NPMD 2019-11-22 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
715 302 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View
9071 6415 58 NCBG staff 1995-09-15 View
10616 7556 52 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10617 7556 52 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10618 7556 55 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11063 7850 51 Stern 2001-11-01 View
11064 7850 54 NCBG staff 2001-11-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CABE4
USDA Common Name: Sandywoods Chaffhead
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (GA, NC, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carphephorus bellidifolius
COMMON NAME: Sandhill Chaffhead
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, RAB, S, SE, V, Va, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Xeric sandy forests and woodlands, primarily in sandhills.
COMMENTS: Se. VA to extreme e. GA. The leaf apices are generally blunt, giving the leaves a nearly spatulate shape. Although often occurring with other species of Carphephorus, C. bellidifolius ranges into drier habitats than its congeners.
RANGE MAP: Carphephorus bellidifolius.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Carphephorus Cass. (Chaffhead)
SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, herbs, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain of North America. The merger of Trilisa and Litrisa into Carphephorus has been questioned (Schmidt & Schilling 2000) and Schilling (2011) provides evidence that both Trilisa and Litrisa should be maintained as separate genera. Schilling (2011b) states that Carphephorus s.s. remains enigmatic, and not only do the features that appear to be diagnostic for the genus appear to be plesiomorphies (elongate rootstocks; cymose capitulescences; larger heads; and notched tips of the anther appendages), there is no evidence from the molecular results that it represents a monophyletic entity. One potential resolution would be to recognize as distinct genera C. corymbosus, C. pseudoliatris, and C. bellidifolius + C. tomentosus. A second and perhaps better approach would be to combine Carphephorus s.s. (e.g. excluding Trilisa and Litrisa) and Liatris into a single genus. The only species of this complex not occurring in our area is Litrisa carnosa Small (of c. peninsular FL).
REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2006c); Schilling (2011)=V; Correa & Wilbur (1969)=Z; DeLaney, Bissett, & Weidenhamer (1999)=Y; Orzell & Bridges (2002)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Carphephorus bellidifolius in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Carphephorus bellidifolius in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Carphephorus bellidifolius in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Carphephorus bellidifolius in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Carphephorus bellidifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carphephorus bellidifolius

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19453
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19453

From the Image Gallery


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19 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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