Plant Index


 
 
 

Cardamine angustata

Cardamine angustata O.E. Schulz

eastern slender toothwort, slender toothwort

Synonym(s): Cardamine angustata var. ouachitana, Cardamine heterophylla, Dentaria heterophylla
Cardamine angustata (Eastern Slender Toothwort)
Image ID: 4846
Image by: Hardin, J.W.
Image Collection: Herbarium Collection

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CAAN11
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardamine angustata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-02-06

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CARDA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Cardamine
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Bittercress
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Dentaria should apparently be included (Sweeney & Price 2000).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Al-Shehbaz, Marhold, & Lihová in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993)=Z; Sweeney & Price (2001)=Y; Al-Shehbaz (1988a)=X; Sweeney & Price (2000); Franzke et al. (1998). Key based in part on Turrill, Evans, & Gilliam (1994) and Y.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BRASSI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Brassicaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Burnett 1835 or CRUCIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mustard Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 340 genera and 3400 species, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and rarely trees and vines, of cosmopolitan distribution (but most diverse in the temperate Northern Hemisphere).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993); Al-Shehbaz (1984, 1985a, 1985b, 1986, 1987, 1988a, 1988b); Appel & Al-Shehbaz in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Short, spring-flowering perennial found in rich, moist forests.
STEMS: Stems smooth (occasionally hairy), often red-tinged.
LEAVES: Basal leaves divided into 3 diamond-shaped to oval, toothed leaflets; 2 or 3 stem leaves whorled at mid-stem also divided into 3 leaflets, these narrowly lance-shaped to linear and toothed or entire.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers on spreading stalks in a short terminal raceme, white (often tinged with purplish-pink), nearly 1 in. wide, consisting of 4 petals forming a cross-pattern.
FRUITS: Fruit a linear green pod; pods ripen on lower flower stalks while upper flowers are still blooming.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-16 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple, Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White or light pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Apr-Jun.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
42 2015-0004 2015-04-10 44 View
4045 1992-0201 View
5020 1995-0139 View
5282 1995-0403 View
5977 1995-1108 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
44 HORT 2011-05-12 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
55 42 79 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
56 42 15 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
6373 4045 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7439 5020 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7738 5282 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8573 5977 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CAAN11
USDA Common Name: Slender Toothwort
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACU FAC FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardamine angustata
COMMON NAME: Eastern Slender Toothwort
SYNONYMY: [= C, Pa, Va, X, Y; < C. angustata - FNA, K2, Z; = C. angustata var. angustata - RAB; = Dentaria heterophylla Nuttall - F, G, S, W]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Apr-Jun.
HABITAT: Rich, mesic forests.
COMMENTS: NJ and IN south to n. GA, c. TN, and ne. MS. Material sometimes considered merely disjunct in the Ouachita Mountains of AR, or named as a variety, var. ouachitana E.B. Smith, is apparently specifically distinct and not closely related (C.T. Witsell, pers. comm., 2013).
RANGE MAP: Cardamine angustata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Brassicaceae Burnett 1835 or CRUCIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mustard Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 340 genera and 3400 species, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and rarely trees and vines, of cosmopolitan distribution (but most diverse in the temperate Northern Hemisphere).
REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993); Al-Shehbaz (1984, 1985a, 1985b, 1986, 1987, 1988a, 1988b); Appel & Al-Shehbaz in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Cardamine L. (Bittercress)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Dentaria should apparently be included (Sweeney & Price 2000).
REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz, Marhold, & Lihová in FNA (2010); Rollins (1993)=Z; Sweeney & Price (2001)=Y; Al-Shehbaz (1988a)=X; Sweeney & Price (2000); Franzke et al. (1998). Key based in part on Turrill, Evans, & Gilliam (1994) and Y.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Cardamine angustata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Cardamine angustata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Cardamine angustata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Cardamine angustata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Cardamine angustata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cardamine angustata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 4846
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 4846

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 33261

Image ID: 26852

Image ID: 26853

Image ID: 10730
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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