Plant Index


 
 
 

Blephilia ciliata

Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.

downy woodmint, downy pagoda-plant

Blephilia ciliata (Downy Woodmint)
Image ID: 12364
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BLCI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BLEPH5
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Blephilia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Raf.
GENUS COMMON: Pagoda-plant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Simmers & Kral (1992)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LAMIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lamiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mint Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous, clump-forming perennial of woodlands, meadows and forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
STEMS: Stems 4-angled, mostly unbranched, covered in white hairs pressed against the stem.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate (sessile above), oval to lance-shaped, to 3 1/2 in. long, shallowly toothed or entire, sparsely hairy above and whitish-downy beneath, fragrant when crushed.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in several dense, head-like clusters that are tiered along a terminal spike, each cluster resting on a whorl of green, fringed bracts; flowers pale pink to lavender, about 1/3 in. long, bilaterally symmetric and tubular, split into 2 flaring lips, the upper one narrow and the lower 3-lobed and speckled with purple. The calyx is tubular and hairy, and there are 2 long-protruding stamens.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.)

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-August
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pale pink to lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central U.S.

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Downy wood mint is a clump forming perennial that produces tight clusters of blue-purple, stacked flowers, similar in appearance to those of its mint family relative Monarda. Native to much of the eastern US, this species spreads slowly in the garden by means of rhizomes, but never becomes aggressive. Deer resistant and drought tolerant, downy wood mint complements almost any garden setting as long as it receives greater than 20% of sunlight per day and the soil it is planted in drains well. This species is commonly visited by several species of native bees, and butterflies.

Bloom Table Text: Downy wood mint is a clump forming perennial that produces tight clusters of blue-purple, stacked flowers, similar in appearance to those of its mint family relative Monarda. Native to much of the eastern US, this species spreads slowly in the garden by means of rhizomes, but never becomes aggressive. Deer resistant and drought tolerant, downy wood mint complements almost any garden setting as long as it receives greater than 20% of sunlight per day and the soil it is planted in drains well. This species is commonly visited by several species of native bees, and butterflies.

NCBG Location: Piedmont Habitat, Totten planters

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
13 2013-0024 2013-11-27 15 View
4154 1992-0310 View
5678 1995-0802 View
9411 2021-0073 2021-06-29 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
15 HORT Poythress View
79 HORT 2011-07-11 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
99 13 21 Liloia 2013-11-07 View
6482 4154 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8192 5678 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
12724 9411 146 Wenck 2021-05-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BLCI
USDA Common Name: Downy Pagoda-plant
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
COMMON NAME: Downy Woodmint
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-early Jul; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Woodlands, meadows, forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
COMMENTS: MA and WI south to c. GA and AR.
RANGE MAP: Blephilia ciliata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Blephilia Raf. (Pagoda-plant)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of e. North America.
REFERENCE: Simmers & Kral (1992)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Blephilia ciliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Blephilia ciliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Blephilia ciliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Blephilia ciliata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12364
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12364

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