Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Bidens aristosa

Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britton

ditch-daisy, bearded beggarticks, midwestern tickseed-sunflower

Synonym(s): Bidens aristosa var. fritcheyi, Bidens aristosa var. mutica, Bidens aristosa var. retrorsa, Bidens involucrata, Bidens polylepis, Bidens polylepis var. retrorsa
Bidens aristosa (Ditch-daisy)
Image ID: 10407
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BIAR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bidens aristosa
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-04

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BIDEN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Bidens
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Beggarticks
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 240 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Recent molecular studies suggest that the relationship between Bidens and Coreopsis is complex, and that changes in taxonomy will be needed to more accurately reflect relationships (Kim et al. 1999; Crawford & Mort 2005).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The involucre of phyllaries is subtended by an additional series of bracteal structures, the calyculus.
GENUS REFERENCES: Strother & Weedon in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Sherff & Alexander (1955)=Z; Ballard (1986)=Y. Key based on FNA.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect annual/biennial of marshes, wet meadows and ditches.
STEMS: Stems much-branched, green or reddish and smooth or with fine, short hairs.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate, 1-6 in. long and pinnately divided into 5-7 lance-shaped or linear segments with pointed tips and toothed margins; segments sometimes again pinnately divided.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) solitary or in small clusters, yellow, 2-3 in. wide, consisting of about 8 yellow ray florets encircling a central disk of yellow, tubular florets; 2 series of bracts, the inner membranous and the outer green, surround the base of the head.
FRUITS: Fruit a flattened achene with 2 barbed awns that stick to fur and clothing.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 6 ft.

DURATION: Annual, Biennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct (-Nov).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Disturbed
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text: This is one of the prettier and more drought tolerant Bidens spp. It blooms in marshes, meadows and bogs throughout North Carolina from August to October. Golden drifts of beggar's ticks add late-summer color to the landscape. The name, beggar's tick, refers to the seed shape. The achene has stiff awns that are barbed with two teeth-like structures which can easily latch onto humans or animals. This is a type of seed dispersal referred to as 'hitchhiking'. The caterpillars of the butterfly Nathalis iole (Dainty Sulfur) are known to favor the foliage of Bidens spp. as a food source and the seeds are popular with Bobwhite and Purple and Goldfinches.

NCBG Location: Totten Center Landscapes, Education Center Landscapes, Piedmont Habitat

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
396 2011-0288 2011-12-21 400 View
4405 1992-0561 View
5253 1995-0372 View
5473 1995-0596 View
5965 1995-1095 View
9339 2021-0007 View
9425 2021-0088 2021-06-29 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
400 HORT 2010-11-24 Liloia View
804 SOS 2016-10-17 Walker View
1119 HORT 2005-11-01 Bryan View
1843 HORT 2006-01-01 Bryan View
2294 NPMD 2019-10-15 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
942 396 21 NCBG staff 2011-04-01 View
6733 4405 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7706 5253 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7987 5473 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8542 5965 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
12496 9339 20 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12671 0 16 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12738 9425 146 Wenck 2021-05-03 View
12754 0 23 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12797 0 17 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BIAR
USDA Common Name: Bearded Beggarticks
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (I)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Annual, Biennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bidens aristosa
COMMON NAME: Midwestern Tickseed-sunflower
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, GW, Pa, RAB, S, SE, Va, W; > B. aristosa var. aristosa - F, Il, S, Z; > B. aristosa var. fritcheyi Fernald - F, Il, Z; > B. aristosa var. mutica (A. Gray) Gattinger - F, Il, S, Z; < B. aristosa - K (also see B. polylepis)]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct (-Nov).
HABITAT: Marshes, wet meadows, ditches.
COMMENTS: DE, MD, IL, and MO south to FL and TX (and adventive farther north).
RANGE MAP: Bidens aristosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Bidens L. (Beggarticks)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 240 species, herbs, cosmopolitan. Recent molecular studies suggest that the relationship between Bidens and Coreopsis is complex, and that changes in taxonomy will be needed to more accurately reflect relationships (Kim et al. 1999; Crawford & Mort 2005).
REFERENCE: Strother & Weedon in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Sherff & Alexander (1955)=Z; Ballard (1986)=Y. Key based on FNA.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Bidens aristosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Bidens aristosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Bidens aristosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Bidens aristosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Bidens aristosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bidens aristosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 10407
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8227

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 8225

Image ID: 35046

Image ID: 35045

Image ID: 35044

Image ID: 28665

Image ID: 28663

Image ID: 28662

Image ID: 28661

Image ID: 8224

Image ID: 8226

Image ID: 8615

Image ID: 8614

Image ID: 8613

Image ID: 28659

Image ID: 28658

Image ID: 28660

Image ID: 10408

Image ID: 28664

Image ID: 28666

Image ID: 28667

Image ID: 28668

Image ID: 28669

Image ID: 28670

Image ID: 28671

Image ID: 28672

Image ID: 8227

Image ID: 28650

Image ID: 19641

Image ID: 28643

Image ID: 28644

Image ID: 28645

Image ID: 28646

Image ID: 28647

Image ID: 28648

Image ID: 28649

Image ID: 10409

Image ID: 28651

Image ID: 28652

Image ID: 28653

Image ID: 28654

Image ID: 28655

Image ID: 28656

Image ID: 28657
44 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back