Plant Index


 
 
 

Berberis thunbergii

Berberis thunbergii DC.

japanese barberry

Synonym(s): Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea
Cultivar(s): Aureus

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BETH
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Berberis thunbergii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-12-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1191 Aureus View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BERBE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Berberis
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Barberry
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-600 species, shrubs, of North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and n. Africa. Many authors favor the inclusion of Mahonia in Berberis. It appears that Mahonia is a paraphyletic grade basal to Berberis (in the narrow sense) (Kim, Kim, & Landrum 2004).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Other species of Berberis are used horticulturally in our area. Though none appear to be established at this time, the possibility of encountering species other than those treated above should be kept in mind.
GENUS REFERENCES: Whittemore in FNA (1997); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim, Kim, & Landrum (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BERBER
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Berberidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Barberry Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As broadly defined here, a family of about 15 genera and 650 species, herbs and shrubs, of the temperate Northern Hemisphere and Andean South America. There has been much debate and study of whether the Berberidaceae should be recognized as a broadly defined unit, or split into a variety of segregate families (such as Podophyllaceae, Epimediaceae, Nandinaceae, Leonticaceae). Based on molecular studies, Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998) and Kim et al. (2004) conclude that division of the Berberidaceae into segregate families is not warranted.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Whetstone, Atkinson, & Spaulding in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Stearn (2002); Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998); Ahrendt (1961); Loconte & Estes (1989b); Kim et al. (2004); Meacham (1980); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: May-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: Japan

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
778 1985-0433 View
2608 1987-0048 View
2609 1987-0049 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1494 778 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4393 2608 84 NCBG staff 1987-06-01 View
4394 2609 84 NCBG staff 1987-06-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BETH
USDA Common Name: Japanese Barberry
Native Status: L48 (I), CAN (I)
Distribution: USA (CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FACU FACU UPL FACU FACU UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Berberis thunbergii
COMMON NAME: Japanese Barberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; May-Sep.
HABITAT: Rich forests, old fields; native of Japan.
COMMENTS: This species is immune to wheat rust; it is now the most commonly encountered barberry in much of our area.
RANGE MAP: Berberis thunbergii.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Berberidaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Barberry Family)
SUMMARY: As broadly defined here, a family of about 15 genera and 650 species, herbs and shrubs, of the temperate Northern Hemisphere and Andean South America. There has been much debate and study of whether the Berberidaceae should be recognized as a broadly defined unit, or split into a variety of segregate families (such as Podophyllaceae, Epimediaceae, Nandinaceae, Leonticaceae). Based on molecular studies, Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998) and Kim et al. (2004) conclude that division of the Berberidaceae into segregate families is not warranted.
REFERENCE: Whetstone, Atkinson, & Spaulding in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Stearn (2002); Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998); Ahrendt (1961); Loconte & Estes (1989b); Kim et al. (2004); Meacham (1980); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Berberis L. (Barberry)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-600 species, shrubs, of North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and n. Africa. Many authors favor the inclusion of Mahonia in Berberis. It appears that Mahonia is a paraphyletic grade basal to Berberis (in the narrow sense) (Kim, Kim, & Landrum 2004).
REFERENCE: Whittemore in FNA (1997); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim, Kim, & Landrum (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Berberis thunbergii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Berberis thunbergii in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Berberis thunbergii in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Berberis thunbergii in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Berberis thunbergii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Berberis thunbergii

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 0
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 10672
1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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