Plant Index


 
 
 

Berberis canadensis

Berberis canadensis Mill.

allegheny barberry, american barberry

Berberis canadensis (Allegheny Barberry)
Image ID: 7565
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BECA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Berberis canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BERBE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Berberis
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Barberry
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-600 species, shrubs, of North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and n. Africa. Many authors favor the inclusion of Mahonia in Berberis. It appears that Mahonia is a paraphyletic grade basal to Berberis (in the narrow sense) (Kim, Kim, & Landrum 2004).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Other species of Berberis are used horticulturally in our area. Though none appear to be established at this time, the possibility of encountering species other than those treated above should be kept in mind.
GENUS REFERENCES: Whittemore in FNA (1997); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim, Kim, & Landrum (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BERBER
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Berberidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Barberry Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As broadly defined here, a family of about 15 genera and 650 species, herbs and shrubs, of the temperate Northern Hemisphere and Andean South America. There has been much debate and study of whether the Berberidaceae should be recognized as a broadly defined unit, or split into a variety of segregate families (such as Podophyllaceae, Epimediaceae, Nandinaceae, Leonticaceae). Based on molecular studies, Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998) and Kim et al. (2004) conclude that division of the Berberidaceae into segregate families is not warranted.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Whetstone, Atkinson, & Spaulding in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Stearn (2002); Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998); Ahrendt (1961); Loconte & Estes (1989b); Kim et al. (2004); Meacham (1980); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
149 2010-0067 2010-12-08 150 View
8729 2006-0430 2006-11-22 View
8730 2006-0431 2006-11-22 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
150 HORT 2010-11-24 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
291 149 20 Liloia 2010-12-01 View
293 149 19 Liloia 2010-11-25 View
11960 8729 65 NCBG staff 2006-11-21 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BECA2
USDA Common Name: American Barberry
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, NC, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
21197 S2 S2 G3G4 G3 SC-V

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Berberis canadensis
COMMON NAME: American Barberry, Allegheny Barberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Rocky woods, forest openings, glades, usually over mafic rocks (such as diabase) or calcareous rocks (such as limestone), sometimes along fence-rows in sw. VA (presumably spread by birds).
COMMENTS: A broad Southern Appalachian-Ozarkian endemic, not occurring in Canada (the epithet a misnomer): scattered and local in VA, WV, KY, TN, NC, SC, AL, GA, MO, IL, IN, and sc. PA (where apparently now extirpated). Along with B. vulgaris, B. canadensis has been subjected to organized eradication programs because of its serving as an alternate host for wheat rust (Puccinia graminis).
RANGE MAP: Berberis canadensis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Berberidaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Barberry Family)
SUMMARY: As broadly defined here, a family of about 15 genera and 650 species, herbs and shrubs, of the temperate Northern Hemisphere and Andean South America. There has been much debate and study of whether the Berberidaceae should be recognized as a broadly defined unit, or split into a variety of segregate families (such as Podophyllaceae, Epimediaceae, Nandinaceae, Leonticaceae). Based on molecular studies, Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998) and Kim et al. (2004) conclude that division of the Berberidaceae into segregate families is not warranted.
REFERENCE: Whetstone, Atkinson, & Spaulding in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Stearn (2002); Kim & Jansen (1996, 1998); Ahrendt (1961); Loconte & Estes (1989b); Kim et al. (2004); Meacham (1980); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Berberis L. (Barberry)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-600 species, shrubs, of North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and n. Africa. Many authors favor the inclusion of Mahonia in Berberis. It appears that Mahonia is a paraphyletic grade basal to Berberis (in the narrow sense) (Kim, Kim, & Landrum 2004).
REFERENCE: Whittemore in FNA (1997); Loconte in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim, Kim, & Landrum (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Berberis canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Berberis canadensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Berberis canadensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Berberis canadensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Berberis canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Berberis canadensis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7565
ID IMAGE2: 7565
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7566
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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