Synonym(s): Endorima uniflora
Image ID: 25552
Image by: Pippen, Jeffrey S.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Balduina uniflora
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-25
GENUS CODE: BALDU GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Balduina GENUS AUTHORITY: Nutt. GENUS COMMON: Honeycombhead GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of se. North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The common name alludes to the honeycomb-like texture of the receptacle, made up of connected receptacular bractlets which surround the achenes. This condition is diagnostic of the genus, and can be seen even when the plant is in flower by stripping the flowers from the receptacle. Superficially, the perennial species resemble some Helenium (particularly H. pinnatifidum and H. vernale), but these bloom months earlier. The punctate leaves are very distinctive. GENUS REFERENCES: Keener in FNA (2006c); Parker & Jones (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE.
FAMILY CODE: ASTERA FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Asteraceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
INTRO:Erectperennial of wet pine savannas and sandhills. STEMS: Stems ribbed, usually unbranched, hairy. LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate-ascending on the stem, narrowly spoon-shaped, to 4 in. long (reduced upward), slightly fleshy. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS:Composite flowers (heads) solitary and terminating stems, yellow, to 2 in. wide, consisting of about 13 (5-22) ray florets with toothed tips surrounding a low-domed center disk of yellow-orange tubular florets; several whorls of small, green, pointed bracts surround the saucer-shaped base of each head. FRUITS: COMMENTS: The similar Balduina atropurpurea has purple disk florets. HEIGHT: 1-3 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Sep
BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Savanna honeycombhead is a native herbaceous perennial that is not often available in the nursery trade. It occurs in wet pine savannas, pitcher plant bogs, wet roadside ditches, and on seepage slopes in the southeastern Coastal Plain. Solitary yellow daisy-like flowers appear in the summer through fall atop tall, slender but erect stems. Savanna honeycombhead prefers moist to wet soil in full sun and would be a perfect addition to a sunny bog garden.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Balduina uniflora
COMMON NAME: Savanna Honeycomb-head, Yellow Balduina
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, RAB, SE, WH3, Z; = Endorima uniflora (Nuttall) Rafinesque - S]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Wet pine savannas and pine flatwoods.
COMMENTS: A southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. NC and immediately adjacent ne. SC (apparently absent from much of SC), and from extreme s. SC south to ne. FL, FL Panhandle, and west to e. LA.
RANGE MAP: Balduina uniflora.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Balduina Nutt. (Honeycombhead) SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of se. North America. REFERENCE: Keener in FNA (2006c); Parker & Jones (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE.
SERNEC: Find Balduina uniflora in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Balduina uniflora in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)