Plant Index


 
 
 

Balduina uniflora

Balduina uniflora Nutt.

savanna honeycombhead, oneflower honeycombhead, yellow balduina

Synonym(s): Endorima uniflora
Balduina uniflora (Savanna Honeycombhead)
Image ID: 25552
Image by: Pippen, Jeffrey S.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BAUN
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Balduina uniflora
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BALDU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Balduina
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nutt.
GENUS COMMON: Honeycombhead
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of se. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The common name alludes to the honeycomb-like texture of the receptacle, made up of connected receptacular bractlets which surround the achenes. This condition is diagnostic of the genus, and can be seen even when the plant is in flower by stripping the flowers from the receptacle. Superficially, the perennial species resemble some Helenium (particularly H. pinnatifidum and H. vernale), but these bloom months earlier. The punctate leaves are very distinctive.
GENUS REFERENCES: Keener in FNA (2006c); Parker & Jones (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of wet pine savannas and sandhills.
STEMS: Stems ribbed, usually unbranched, hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate-ascending on the stem, narrowly spoon-shaped, to 4 in. long (reduced upward), slightly fleshy.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) solitary and terminating stems, yellow, to 2 in. wide, consisting of about 13 (5-22) ray florets with toothed tips surrounding a low-domed center disk of yellow-orange tubular florets; several whorls of small, green, pointed bracts surround the saucer-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: The similar Balduina atropurpurea has purple disk florets.
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Savanna honeycombhead is a native herbaceous perennial that is not often available in the nursery trade. It occurs in wet pine savannas, pitcher plant bogs, wet roadside ditches, and on seepage slopes in the southeastern Coastal Plain. Solitary yellow daisy-like flowers appear in the summer through fall atop tall, slender but erect stems. Savanna honeycombhead prefers moist to wet soil in full sun and would be a perfect addition to a sunny bog garden.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
23 2018-0008 2018-01-31 25 View
1821 1986-1602 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
25 HORT 2015-11-01 Walker View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
31 23 64 Liloia 2017-04-00 View
2909 1821 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BAUN
USDA Common Name: Oneflower Honeycombhead
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Balduina uniflora
COMMON NAME: Savanna Honeycomb-head, Yellow Balduina
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, RAB, SE, WH3, Z; = Endorima uniflora (Nuttall) Rafinesque - S]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Wet pine savannas and pine flatwoods.
COMMENTS: A southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. NC and immediately adjacent ne. SC (apparently absent from much of SC), and from extreme s. SC south to ne. FL, FL Panhandle, and west to e. LA.
RANGE MAP: Balduina uniflora.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Balduina Nutt. (Honeycombhead)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of se. North America.
REFERENCE: Keener in FNA (2006c); Parker & Jones (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Balduina uniflora in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Balduina uniflora in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Balduina uniflora in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Balduina uniflora in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Balduina uniflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Balduina uniflora

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25552
ID IMAGE2: 25554
ID IMAGE3: 25552

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 28584

Image ID: 28586

Image ID: 28587

Image ID: 28588

Image ID: 28590

Image ID: 28591

Image ID: 28592

Image ID: 35923

Image ID: 25553

Image ID: 25554

Image ID: 25555

Image ID: 28585

Image ID: 28589

Image ID: 10663
15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back