Plant Index


 
 
 

Baptisia australis var. aberrans

Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. var. aberrans (Larisey) M. Mendenhall

eastern prairie blue wild indigo, glade wild indigo

Synonym(s): Baptisia minor var. aberrans
Baptisia australis var. aberrans (Eastern Prairie Blue Wild Indigo)
Image ID: 12358
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BAAUA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baptisia australis var. aberrans
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-02
SELECTED SYNONYM: Baptisia aberrans

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BAPTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Baptisia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Vent.
GENUS COMMON: Wild indigo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: KY,TN,GA,NC

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
55 2018-0201 2018-12-21 58 View
64 2013-0012 2013-12-20 67 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
58 HORT 2015-07-23 Faucette View
67 HORT 2005-10-06 Kunz View
2155 NPMD 2019-08-06 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
72 55 21 Liloia 2018-06-01 View
83 64 21 Liloia 2012-05-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BAAUA2
USDA Common Name: Blue Wild Indigo
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (GA, KY, NC, TN)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baptisia australis var. aberrans
COMMON NAME: Eastern Prairie Blue Wild Indigo, Glade Wild Indigo
SYNONYMY: [= K, X; = Baptisia minor Lehmann var. aberrans Larisey - Z; < B. australis (Linnaeus) R. Brown - RAB, S; < B. australis var. australis - I, Q, SE; < B. australis var. minor (Lehmann) Fernald - C, G, Mo; < B. minor - F]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Aug.
HABITAT: Glades, barrens, and open woodlands over limestone (or other calcareous rocks) and diabase (or other mafic rocks), in areas that were formerly prairies, barrens, glades, or oak savannas.
COMMENTS: Sw. KY, c. and se. TN, nw. GA, and c. NC. Blue-flowered Baptisia from mafic glades, barrens, and former prairies and oak savannas east of the Mississippi River has proven problematic to taxonomists. Larisey (1940a) treated B. australis and B. minor as separate species, and placed eastern plants resembling B. minor in B. minor var. aberrans Larisey, but without providing very satisfying characters for separating it from typical B. minor of mw. North America. RAB apparently (though tacitly) included B. minor within B. australis. Isely (1981, 1990) treated blue-flowered Baptisia as B. australis var. australis and var. minor, regarding var. minor as reaching its eastern limit in MO (the two varieties thus allopatric), and stating that sporadic collections within the range of var. australis have the pods and some of the vegetative characters of var. minor most of these collections are from dry or sterile habitats, e.g., cedar glades, that var. australis typically does not inhabit (Isely 1990). His treatment of australis and minor at the varietal level seems largely based on the existence of minor-like plants within his concept of the range of australis. NC plants from glade-like sites are morphologically more similar to midwestern prairie B. minor, occur in similar habitats, and grow with a large number of other plants with midwestern phytogeographic affinities, such as Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium, Echinacea laevigata (an eastern sibling of E. purpurea), Solidago ptarmicoides, Solidago rigida ssp. glabrata (an eastern sibling of S. rigida ssp. rigida), Silphium terebinthinaceum, and others. The affinities of these plants seem to be with B. minor; shoehorning them into the more eastern B. australis, which they do not resemble in morphology, habitat, or (indeed) range is not a desirable disposition. Eastern plants referrable to B. minor do, however, as noted by Larisey and Isely, differ from midwestern plants in leaflet size and shape, branching, and pod shape; they are best treated as an eastern, relictual variety in the complex, B. australis var. aberrans Larisey. Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b) found that the aberrans entity warranted taxonomic recognition, and indeed that it is less closely related to B. australis s.s. and B. minor than they are to one another; she chose to treat the three entities as varieties under B. australis. For now, the best treatment seems to be to follow Mendenhall, and acknowledge the existence of three varietal entities, with the phylogenetic affinities uncertain. The range of B. australis var. minor is thus largely midwestern, from se. NE, s. MO, and e. and c. KS south to w. AR, e. and c. OK, and ne. TX.
RANGE MAP: Baptisia australis var. aberrans.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Baptisia Vent. (Wild indigo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
REFERENCE: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Baptisia australis var. aberrans in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Baptisia australis var. aberrans in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Baptisia australis var. aberrans in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Baptisia australis var. aberrans in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Baptisia australis var. aberrans in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Baptisia australis var. aberrans

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12358
ID IMAGE2: 10366
ID IMAGE3: 12358

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 10366

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Image ID: 28635

Image ID: 28636

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Image ID: 28642

Image ID: 10365

Image ID: 10367

Image ID: 10368

Image ID: 28631

Image ID: 28632

Image ID: 28633

Image ID: 28638
17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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