Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Baptisia albescens

Baptisia albescens Small

spiked wild indigo, narrow-pod white wild indigo

Baptisia albescens (Spiked Wild Indigo)
Image ID: 10362
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BAAL3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baptisia albescens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BAPTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Baptisia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Vent.
GENUS COMMON: Wild indigo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of dry, open woodlands and woodland borders, pine flatwoods and roadsides.
STEMS: Stems 1-several from a crown, stout, unbranched, blue-green to gray-purple and with a waxy coating, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, the petioles with small stipules at the base, divided into 3 elliptic leaflets with rounded tips, each 1/2-2 1/2 in. long.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in 1--several long, erect, terminal spikes extending above foliage; white or cream with yellow; less than ¾ in. long; bilaterally symmetric; with typical pea-flower shape, including an erect “banner” petal.
FRUITS: Fruit an erect, yellowish-brown and leathery, narrowly cylindrical seed pod.
COMMENTS: The similar Baptisia alba has larger flowers (about 1 in. long) and a thinner-walled, blue-green, nodding seed pod.
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Another excellent native perennial for your sunny garden. This white flowered Baptisia blooms in Spring and is a magnet for bees. Sturdy stems hold spikes of creamy white flowers which will, after their nature, mature into green pea pods. The pods then dry light brown on the stem, rattling as the seeds within dry. This plant is considered poisonous. Easy plant to grow, give it a home that is permanent as members of this genus do not like to be moved once planted. This genus supports up to 15 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 3
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
331 2011-0198 2011-09-02 335 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
335 HORT 2010-01-01 Sharpe View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
790 331 43 NCBG staff 2011-11-02 View
791 331 23 NCBG staff 2011-11-02 View
792 331 102 Liloia 2011-12-06 View
793 331 16 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
794 331 29 Mixon 2012-10-02 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BAAL3
USDA Common Name: Spiked Wild Indigo
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, NC, SC, TN, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
16571 S3 S3 G4 G4 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baptisia albescens
COMMON NAME: Narrow-pod White Wild Indigo, Spiked Wild Indigo
SYNONYMY: [= I, K, S, SE, Va, WH3; = B. alba - C, F, G, Q, RAB, W, X, Y, misapplied; > B. alba - Z; > B. albescens - Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Dry woodlands, pine flatwoods, roadsides.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south through NC, SC, and GA to n. FL, e. AL and e. TN. The fruits are unlike any of our other species in being cylindric, about 3× as long as the diameter, and yellowish-brown (rather than black) when mature.
RANGE MAP: Baptisia albescens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Baptisia Vent. (Wild indigo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
REFERENCE: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Baptisia albescens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Baptisia albescens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Baptisia albescens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Baptisia albescens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Baptisia albescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Baptisia albescens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 10362
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12356

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7451

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Image ID: 7908

Image ID: 10361

Image ID: 12356
13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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