Plant Index


 
 
 

Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal

common pawpaw, indian-banana, pawpaw

Synonym(s): Orchidocarpum arietinum
Asimina triloba (Common Pawpaw)
Image ID: 12328
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ASTR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asimina triloba
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-08-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ASIMI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Asimina
GENUS AUTHORITY: Adans.
GENUS COMMON: Pawpaw
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 12 species of shrubs and small trees, endemic to e. North America. Here circumscribed to include Deeringothamnus of peninsular FL; if the genus is to be split into two, the warranted split would be as done by J.K. Small (1933), with Asimina confined to A. triloba and A. parviflora, and all other species, including Deeringothamnus, placed in a second genus. Four additional species occur south of our area in the FL peninsula: A. manasota DeLaney, A. pulchella (Small) Rehder & Dayton, A. rugelii B.L. Robinson, and A. tetramera Small. It is likely that additional taxa will be named.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids are known between some of the pineland species, notably A. angustifolia × incana [= A. ×nashii Kral], and should be expected where two species are present. These hybrids are named as binomials and further discussed in DeLaney (2010)
GENUS REFERENCES: DeLaney (2010)=V; Kral (1960)=Z; Wilbur (1970a)=Y; Godfrey (1988)=X; Kral in FNA (1997); Ward (2001); Kessler in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ANNONA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Annonaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Custard-apple Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 128-130 genera and about 2200-2300 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, mostly tropical. Infrafamilial classification follows Chatrou et al. (2012); Asimina and Annona are in subfamily Annonoideae, tribe Annonineae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Chatrou et al. (2012); Kessler in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: height and spread 15-30 feet

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Maroon flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Asimina triloba, a common understory tree in our area, forms large clonal patches in bottomlands, along ponds and creeks, up to drier mid-slopes. Large (up to 1’ long), drooping leaves give pawpaw a unique, tropical feel. To improve pollination and fruit production, plant two pawpaw together, so that their branches cross at maturity. Part of the custard-apple family, its fruit is an odd potato-shape with a mango-banana taste. This is the host plant for the Zebra Swallowtail; supports up to 12 species of lepidoptera. 1987 N.C. Wildflower of the Year.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
217 2011-0043 2011-01-31 216 View
775 1985-0429 View
3691 1991-0386 View
4500 1992-0656 View
5894 1995-1022 View
6529 1996-0159 View
6630 1996-0268 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
216 HORT 2009-09-21 Poythress View
1286 HORT 2005-08-01 Bryan View
1387 HORT 2006-08-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
441 217 17 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
442 217 14 Liloia 2013-04-25 View
1491 775 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5994 3691 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6828 4500 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8419 5894 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8420 5894 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8421 5894 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9232 6529 146 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
9383 6630 119 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ASTR
USDA Common Name: Pawpaw
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asimina triloba
COMMON NAME: Common Pawpaw, Indian-banana
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, V, Va, W, WH3, X, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Alluvial forests, other moist, nutrient-rich forests.
COMMENTS: NJ, w. NY, and s. ON west to s. MI and e. NE, south to Panhandle FL, s. LA, and ne. TX.
RANGE MAP: Asimina triloba.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Annonaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Custard-apple Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 128-130 genera and about 2200-2300 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, mostly tropical. Infrafamilial classification follows Chatrou et al. (2012); Asimina and Annona are in subfamily Annonoideae, tribe Annonineae.
REFERENCE: Chatrou et al. (2012); Kessler in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Asimina Adans. (Pawpaw)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 12 species of shrubs and small trees, endemic to e. North America. Here circumscribed to include Deeringothamnus of peninsular FL; if the genus is to be split into two, the warranted split would be as done by J.K. Small (1933), with Asimina confined to A. triloba and A. parviflora, and all other species, including Deeringothamnus, placed in a second genus. Four additional species occur south of our area in the FL peninsula: A. manasota DeLaney, A. pulchella (Small) Rehder & Dayton, A. rugelii B.L. Robinson, and A. tetramera Small. It is likely that additional taxa will be named.
REFERENCE: DeLaney (2010)=V; Kral (1960)=Z; Wilbur (1970a)=Y; Godfrey (1988)=X; Kral in FNA (1997); Ward (2001); Kessler in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Asimina triloba in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Asimina triloba in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Asimina triloba in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Asimina triloba in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Asimina triloba in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asimina triloba

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12328
ID IMAGE2: 2491
ID IMAGE3: 12329

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22 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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