Plant Index


 
 
 

Asplenium platyneuron

Asplenium platyneuron (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

ebony spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron (Ebony Spleenwort)
Image ID: 25799
Image by: Liloia, Chris
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ASPL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asplenium platyneuron
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-08-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ASPLE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Asplenium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Spleenwort
GENUS SUMMARY: Asplenium is a large, nearly cosmopolitan genus of more than 720 species, with centers of diversity in the Appalachians, Central America mountains, Andes, and Himalayas.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Several of the more frequently encountered sterile hybrids are included in the key and treated fully below. Others may be recognized by intermediate morphology and usual co-occurrence with both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Wagner, Moran, & Werth in FNA (1993b); Lin & Viane in FoC (2013)=FoC; Moran (1982); Taylor, Mohlenbrock, & Burton (1976)=Z; Murakami et al. (1999); Kramer & Viane in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASPLEN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aspleniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Frank 1877
FAMILY COMMON: Spleenwort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of a 2 genera and more than 720 species, of nearly cosmopolitan distribution. Murakami et al. (1999) conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Aspleniaceae, which confirmed that Camptosorus should be included in Asplenium, but suggested that Phyllitis is better separated from Asplenium. A later and more comprehensive study shows Phyllitis and Camptosorus to be deeply embedded in Asplenium (Schneider et al. 2004a), a conclusion followed here.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Kramer & Viane in Kramer & Green (1990); Schneider et al. (2004a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This small Southeastern native evergreen fern grows in open woodlands throughout North Carolina. Well-drained soil with consistent moisture is necessary for it to develop a good root system. Once established, it is more tolerant of slightly dry soils than most ferns. Mature plants of this species grow into small clumps that serve well as accents in the garden.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
984 1985-0678 View
2262 1986-2087 View
3083 1989-0036 View
3974 1992-0130 View
4903 1995-0021 View
5060 1995-0179 View
5459 1995-0582 View
5950 1995-1080 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1871 984 9 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1872 984 145 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
3930 2262 94 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5113 3083 73 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5114 3083 74 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5115 3083 76 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5116 3083 188 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6302 3974 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7322 4903 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7479 5060 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7973 5459 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8511 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8512 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8513 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8514 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8515 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8516 5950 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ASPL
USDA Common Name: Ebony Spleenwort
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asplenium platyneuron
COMMON NAME: Ebony Spleenwort
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, FNA, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV; > A. platyneuron var. platyneuron - F, G, Il, K1, Z; > A. platyneuron var. bacculum-rubrum (Featherman) Fernald - F, G, K1, Z; > A. platyneuron var. incisum (Howe ex Peck) B.L. Robinson - F, Il, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Oct.
HABITAT: Moist to dry soils of forests, woodlands, old fields; also on outcrops, especially of calcareous rocks and in masonry crevices, at low to moderate elevations; common.
COMMENTS: QC, ON, se. MN, IA, and se. CO south to FL, TX, NM, and AZ (and varieties or relatives reported from Central and South America). This species is one of the diploid progenitors involved in the reticulately evolved Appalachian Asplenium complex. It is one parent of A. bradleyi and A. ebenoides (as well as other sterile hybrids). A. platyneuron in general, and var. platyneuron specifically, is by far the most common of our Asplenium species, and the only one found characteristically away from rock. A. platyneuron var. incisum does not seem to warrant taxonomic recognition. Strikingly large plants of the outer Atlantic Coastal Plain and Gulf Coastal Plain have been named var. bacculum-rubrum (Featherman) Fernald; they are probably not worthy of taxonomic recognition. They can be distinguished as follows: var. bacculum-rubrum has the longest pinnae > 3.5-6 cm long, the pinnae often coarsely serrate-incised to pinnatifid and the larger leaves to (30-) 40-70 (-100) cm tall, with 45-70 pairs of pinnae (vs. longest pinnae < 3.5 cm long, pinnae subentire to pinnatifid, larger leaves to 20-45 (-50) cm tall, with 25-50 pairs of pinnae).
RANGE MAP: Asplenium platyneuron.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aspleniaceae Frank 1877 (Spleenwort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of a 2 genera and more than 720 species, of nearly cosmopolitan distribution. Murakami et al. (1999) conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Aspleniaceae, which confirmed that Camptosorus should be included in Asplenium, but suggested that Phyllitis is better separated from Asplenium. A later and more comprehensive study shows Phyllitis and Camptosorus to be deeply embedded in Asplenium (Schneider et al. 2004a), a conclusion followed here.
REFERENCE: Kramer & Viane in Kramer & Green (1990); Schneider et al. (2004a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Asplenium L. (Spleenwort)
SUMMARY: Asplenium is a large, nearly cosmopolitan genus of more than 720 species, with centers of diversity in the Appalachians, Central America mountains, Andes, and Himalayas.
REFERENCE: Wagner, Moran, & Werth in FNA (1993b); Lin & Viane in FoC (2013)=FoC; Moran (1982); Taylor, Mohlenbrock, & Burton (1976)=Z; Murakami et al. (1999); Kramer & Viane in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Asplenium platyneuron in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Asplenium platyneuron in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Asplenium platyneuron in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Asplenium platyneuron in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Asplenium platyneuron in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asplenium platyneuron

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25799
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25799

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 35883

Image ID: 35884
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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