Plant Index


 
 
 

Aralia spinosa

Aralia spinosa L.

devil’s walkingstick, devil’s-walking-stick, hercules’s-club, prickly-ash

Aralia spinosa (Devil’s Walkingstick)
Image ID: 24685
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ARSP2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aralia spinosa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-09-02

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ARALI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Aralia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Spikenard
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 30-70 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, primarily of e. North America, e. Asia, and se. Asia. Wen (1998) has suggested that A. nudicaulis may need to be removed from the genus Aralia in order to maintain both Aralia and Panax as monophyletic genera; more recent studies remain equivocal (Wen 2011).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Wen (2011)=U; Smith (1982)=Z; Moore, Glenn, & Ma (2009)=V; Wen et al. (1998); Wen (1993); Wen (1998); Smith (1944)=Y; Frodin & Govaerts (2003)=X.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ARALIA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Araliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Ginseng Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 47 genera and 1325 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, mainly tropical in distribution. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae than to Apiaceae, and is transferred here (Nicolas & Plunkett 2009; Chandler & Plunkett 2003).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Frodin & Govaerts (2003); Graham (1966); Smith (1944).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Whitish flowers.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 12-15 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Bi-pinnate, Tri-pinnate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Bottomlands, Disturbed
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This showy, fast-growing shrub is often favored for its attractive flowers and somewhat tropical appearance. Its flowers are a source of nectar for bees and butterflies alike, and birds enjoy its seeds in the fall. It has a rich history of human usage as well. The aromatic roots and fruits were used to treat tooth-ache, and the flowers are valued for their lemony fragrance. Care should be taken when selecting a location for Devil’s Walking-stick due to its spines and its tendency to spread via rhizomes and suckers.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
769 1985-0423 View
1229 1986-0999 View
3311 1990-0175 View
4442 1992-0598 View
7718 2001-0073 2001-05-16 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
482 SOS 2015-09-15 Heraty View
483 SOS 2015-09-16 Heraty View
493 SOS 2015-09-21 Heraty View
511 SOS 2015-09-22 Driskill View
519 SOS 2015-09-24 Maynard View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1485 769 176 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2130 1229 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2131 1229 90 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5497 3311 8 NCBG staff 1983-06-23 View
5498 3311 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5499 3311 55 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5500 3311 56 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6770 4442 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
10910 7718 81 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ARSP2
USDA Common Name: Devil's Walkingstick
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aralia spinosa
COMMON NAME: Devil's-walking-stick, Hercules's-club, Prickly-ash
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, V, Va, W, WH3, X, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Disturbed pocosins and bottomlands, disturbed areas, moist to dry forests and woodlands.
COMMENTS: NJ west to s. IN, IL, and IA, south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX. Smith (1982) discusses the juvenile (prickly) and adult (unarmed) leaf phases of A. spinosa.
RANGE MAP: Aralia spinosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Araliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Ginseng Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 47 genera and 1325 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, mainly tropical in distribution. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae than to Apiaceae, and is transferred here (Nicolas & Plunkett 2009; Chandler & Plunkett 2003).
REFERENCE: Frodin & Govaerts (2003); Graham (1966); Smith (1944).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Aralia L. (Spikenard)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 30-70 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, primarily of e. North America, e. Asia, and se. Asia. Wen (1998) has suggested that A. nudicaulis may need to be removed from the genus Aralia in order to maintain both Aralia and Panax as monophyletic genera; more recent studies remain equivocal (Wen 2011).
REFERENCE: Wen (2011)=U; Smith (1982)=Z; Moore, Glenn, & Ma (2009)=V; Wen et al. (1998); Wen (1993); Wen (1998); Smith (1944)=Y; Frodin & Govaerts (2003)=X.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Aralia spinosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Aralia spinosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Aralia spinosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Aralia spinosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Aralia spinosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aralia spinosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 24685
ID IMAGE2: 10155
ID IMAGE3: 4604

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25 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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