Plant Index


 
 
 

Aronia arbutifolia

Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers.

red chokeberry

Cultivar(s): Brilliantissima
Aronia arbutifolia (Red Chokeberry)
Image ID: 19293
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ARAR7
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aronia arbutifolia
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
171 Brilliantissima View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ARONI2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Aronia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Medik.
GENUS COMMON:
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, of e. North America (south into Central America). In North American floristic literature, Aronia has sometimes been treated as a component of Pyrus, Sorbus, or Photinia (see synonymy below). Robertson et al. (1991) have included Aronia in Photinia. Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004) agrees that Aronia and Photinia should be combined, but points out that Aronia is the older name and therefore must be used for the combined genus. Guo et al. (2011) and Lo & Donoghue (2012) separate Photinia, Aronia, and Pourthiaea at generic rank, a decision followed here; while Aronia and Pourthiaea are closely related (sister), Photinia is not closely related to either and is sister to Pyracantha (Lo & Donoghue 2012).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: All our species of Aronia can be distinguished from other shrubs in our flora by the presence of several dark (usually purplish-black) glandular trichomes on the upper surface of the midrib, mostly toward the base of the leaf.
GENUS REFERENCES: Guo et al. (2011)=V; Pankhurst in FNA (2014); Hardin (1973)=Y; Robertson (1974)=Z; Lo & Donoghue (2012); Robertson et al. 1991=X; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: White blooms.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: up to 12 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: March-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: white
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sept.-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Red chokeberry is an easy to grow native shrub with nearly year-round interest. It produces white flowers in terminal cymes in April, followed by small berry-like red fruits (pomes) that often persist into the winter. The leaves of Aronia arbutifolia turn various shades of red in the fall. Its habit is somewhat open and rounded. In nature this species is found growing in bogs, savannahs and low woods. Tolerant of a variety of soil types and drier sites once established.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2,3
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
197 2011-0008 2011-01-06 196 View
772 1985-0426 View
773 1985-0427 View
2021 1986-1815 View
2234 1986-2055 View
5057 1995-0176 View
5946 1995-1076 View
6625 1996-0262 View
6839 1998-0045 View
7988 2003-0040 2004-09-09 View
8289 2005-0006 2005-03-12 View
8554 2006-0132 2006-07-24 View
9211 2004-0215 2020-05-05 1054 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
196 HORT 2004-10-23 Bell View
634 SOS 2015-11-12 Faucette View
1054 HORT 2004-10-14 Lewandowski View
1145 HORT 2006-10-05 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
393 197 32 MacIntyre 2011-03-03 View
1488 772 168 NCBG staff 1999-12-08 View
1489 773 162 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3258 2021 6 NCBG staff 1971-06-01 View
3889 2234 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
7476 5057 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8507 5946 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9355 6625 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9701 6839 166 NCBG staff 1998-02-27 View
11234 7988 27 NCBG staff 2003-07-17 View
11570 8289 135 NCBG staff 2005-01-01 View
11571 8289 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
12295 9211 34 Liloia 2011-02-24 View
12337 9211 32 Poythress 2011-03-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ARAR7
USDA Common Name:
Native Status:
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration:
Growth Habit:

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aronia arbutifolia
COMMON NAME: Red Chokeberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, GW, S, V, Va, W; = Pyrus arbutifolia (Linnaeus) Linnaeus f. - F, Z; = Photinia pyrifolia (Lamarck) K. Robertson & J.B. Phipps - K, Pa, WH3, WV, X; = Sorbus arbutifolia (Linnaeus) Heynhold var. arbutifolia - RAB]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Bogs, pocosins, wet savannas, swamps, other wet habitats.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) south to c. peninsular FL and west to TX, mainly in the Coastal Plain, but extending inland in the south to WV and KY.
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Aronia Medik. ()
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, of e. North America (south into Central America). In North American floristic literature, Aronia has sometimes been treated as a component of Pyrus, Sorbus, or Photinia (see synonymy below). Robertson et al. (1991) have included Aronia in Photinia. Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004) agrees that Aronia and Photinia should be combined, but points out that Aronia is the older name and therefore must be used for the combined genus. Guo et al. (2011) and Lo & Donoghue (2012) separate Photinia, Aronia, and Pourthiaea at generic rank, a decision followed here; while Aronia and Pourthiaea are closely related (sister), Photinia is not closely related to either and is sister to Pyracantha (Lo & Donoghue 2012).
REFERENCE: Guo et al. (2011)=V; Pankhurst in FNA (2014); Hardin (1973)=Y; Robertson (1974)=Z; Lo & Donoghue (2012); Robertson et al. 1991=X; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Aronia arbutifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Aronia arbutifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Aronia arbutifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Aronia arbutifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Aronia arbutifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aronia arbutifolia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19293
ID IMAGE2: 19292
ID IMAGE3: 22011

From the Image Gallery


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42 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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