Plant Index


 
 
 

Arnica acaulis

Arnica acaulis (Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

leopard’s-bane, common leopardbane, southeastern arnica

Synonym(s): Doronicum acaule
Arnica acaulis (Leopard’s-bane)
Image ID: 19451
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ARAC3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Arnica acaulis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-05

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ARNIC
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Arnica
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Arnica
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 29-32 species, perennial herbs, north temperate, boreal, and arctic.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Wolf in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial from a rosette, found in pine savannas, sandhills, clayey or sandy woodlands, powerline rights-of-way and on road banks.
STEMS: Stem arising from basal rosette, with a few branches especially in inflorescence, densely glandular-hairy.
LEAVES: Basal leaves broadly elliptic to oval, 1 1/2-4 in. long, with 5-7 parallel veins prominent beneath, thick, densely furry above and less so beneath; a few smaller, opposite, ascending leaves occur on the stem.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) 2-30 at ends of branches; heads yellow, 1-2 in. wide, consisting of 10-15 ray florets with toothed tips encircling a central disk of tubular florets; a single series of hairy, green narrow, pointed bracts surround the base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common leopardbane is one of the first in the procession of yellow composites that grace piedmont roadsides from spring to fall. This one is a standout in that it blooms when many other sun loving perennials are still getting warmed up. Each sturdy stem features showy gold flowers and little to no foliage. The fuzzy leaves can be found in a rosette at the base of the plant. This is a great choice for garden spaces in need of season color.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE: 1
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
235 2011-0063 2011-04-05 234 View
3875 1992-0018 View
4390 1992-0546 View
9322 2015-0023 2015-11-02 2445 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
234 HORT 2009-05-23 Walker View
1993 NPMD 2020-05-27 Kunz View
1994 NPMD 2020-05-27 Kunz View
2445 HORT 2013-05-21 Summer View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
511 235 31 NCBG staff 2011-03-29 View
512 235 19 NCBG staff 2011-04-29 View
513 235 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View
514 235 31 Wenck 2011-11-01 View
6187 3875 98 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6718 4390 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ARAC3
USDA Common Name: Common Leopardbane
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, DE, FL, GA, MD, NC, NJ, PA, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Arnica acaulis
COMMON NAME: Leopard's-bane, Southeastern Arnica
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, SE, Va, WH3; = Doronicum acaule Walter]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-Jun.
HABITAT: Pine savannas, sandhills, clayey or sandy woodlands, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks.
COMMENTS: DE (historical) and se. PA (where on serpentine) south to Panhandle FL, on the Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont.
RANGE MAP: Arnica acaulis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Arnica L. (Arnica)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 29-32 species, perennial herbs, north temperate, boreal, and arctic.
REFERENCE: Wolf in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Arnica acaulis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Arnica acaulis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Arnica acaulis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Arnica acaulis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Arnica acaulis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arnica acaulis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19451
ID IMAGE2: 19451
ID IMAGE3: 19451

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7472

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Image ID: 10200

Image ID: 10196

Image ID: 10622
9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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