leopard’s-bane, common leopardbane, southeastern arnica
Synonym(s): Doronicum acaule
Image ID: 19451
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Arnica acaulis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-05
GENUS CODE: ARNIC GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Arnica GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Arnica GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 29-32 species, perennial herbs, north temperate, boreal, and arctic. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Wolf in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE.
FAMILY CODE: ASTERA FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Asteraceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
INTRO:Erectperennial from a rosette, found in pine savannas, sandhills, clayey or sandy woodlands, powerline rights-of-way and on road banks. STEMS:Stem arising from basal rosette, with a few branches especially in inflorescence, densely glandular-hairy. LEAVES:Basal leaves broadly elliptic to oval, 1 1/2-4 in. long, with 5-7 parallel veins prominent beneath, thick, densely furry above and less so beneath; a few smaller, opposite,ascending leaves occur on the stem. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS:Composite flowers (heads) 2-30 at ends of branches; heads yellow, 1-2 in. wide, consisting of 10-15 ray florets with toothed tips encircling a centraldisk of tubular florets; a single series of hairy, green narrow, pointed bracts surround the base of each head. FRUITS: COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 1-3 ft. DURATION:
Opposite LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-Jun
BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common leopardbane is one of the first in the procession of yellow composites that grace piedmont roadsides from spring to fall. This one is a standout in that it blooms when many other sun loving perennials are still getting warmed up. Each sturdy stem features showy gold flowers and little to no foliage. The fuzzy leaves can be found in a rosette at the base of the plant. This is a great choice for garden spaces in need of season color.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Arnica acaulis
COMMON NAME: Leopard's-bane, Southeastern Arnica
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, SE, Va, WH3; = Doronicum acaule Walter]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-Jun.
HABITAT: Pine savannas, sandhills, clayey or sandy woodlands, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks.
COMMENTS: DE (historical) and se. PA (where on serpentine) south to Panhandle FL, on the Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont.
RANGE MAP: Arnica acaulis.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Arnica L. (Arnica) SUMMARY: A genus of about 29-32 species, perennial herbs, north temperate, boreal, and arctic. REFERENCE: Wolf in FNA (2006c); Cronquist (1980)=SE.
SERNEC: Find Arnica acaulis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Arnica acaulis in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)