Plant Index


 
 
 

Anchistea virginica

Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl

virginia chain fern

Anchistea virginica (Virginia Chain Fern)
Image ID: 24481
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ANVI6
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Anchistea virginica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ANCHI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Anchistea
GENUS AUTHORITY:
GENUS COMMON: Virginia Chain Fern
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, perennial herb, of e. North America. Anchistea has often been lumped into the Eurasian (mainly e. Asian) Woodwardia, but is basal to Woodwardia, morphologically distinctive from both Woodwardia and Lorinseria, and an ancient independent lineage.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Sterile plants of Osmundastrum cinnamomeum are sometimes confused with Anchistea virginica, which also has rather coarse, pinnate-pinnatifid leaves and grows in similar wet, acid places. Osmundastrum is coarser (to 2 m tall, vs. to 1 m tall), has cinnamon tufts of tomentum present in the axils of the pinnae (vs. absent), has the rachis greenish and rather fleshy in texture (vs. brown and wiry), and bears fronds clumped or tufted from a massive, woody, ascending rhizome covered with old petiole bases (vs. fronds borne scattered along a thick, horizontal, creeping rhizome).
GENUS REFERENCES: Cranfill & Kato (2003)=Z; Cranfill in FNA (1993b); Li et al. (2015); Kramer, Chambers, & Hennipman in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BLECHN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Blechnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (C. Presl) Copeland 1947
FAMILY COMMON: Deer Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 250 species, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Perrie et al. (2014)=Y; Cranfill in FNA (1993b); Lellinger (1985); Kramer, Chambers, & Hennipman in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 18-24 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Virginia Chain Fern is found growing in bogs and swamps as well as other wet sites, such as along the edges of streams. Its natural range includes eastern North America and Bermuda. This species thrives in areas where the soil stays consistently moist, such as alongside a pond. Some Native American tribes used ferns of the Woodwardia genus for making baskets and dyes.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
981 1985-0675 View
2038 1986-1832 View
4721 1992-0877 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1859 981 135 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1860 981 6 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1861 981 63 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1862 981 64 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1863 981 145 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
3285 2038 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3286 2038 63 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
7050 4721 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ANVI6
USDA Common Name:
Native Status:
Distribution:
Duration:
Growth Habit:

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Anchistea virginica
COMMON NAME: Virginia Chain Fern
SYNONYMY: [= S, Z; = Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) J.E. Smith - Ar, C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Moist to wet, acid, organic soils, such as bogs, blackwater bottomlands, pocosins, sometimes in standing water, as in periodically flooded coastal plain depression ponds.
COMMENTS: NS west to MI and IL, south to s. FL and TX, and in Bermuda, primarily on the Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Anchistea virginica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Blechnaceae (C. Presl) Copeland 1947 (Deer Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 250 species, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Perrie et al. (2014)=Y; Cranfill in FNA (1993b); Lellinger (1985); Kramer, Chambers, & Hennipman in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Anchistea (Virginia Chain Fern)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, perennial herb, of e. North America. Anchistea has often been lumped into the Eurasian (mainly e. Asian) Woodwardia, but is basal to Woodwardia, morphologically distinctive from both Woodwardia and Lorinseria, and an ancient independent lineage.
REFERENCE: Cranfill & Kato (2003)=Z; Cranfill in FNA (1993b); Li et al. (2015); Kramer, Chambers, & Hennipman in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Anchistea virginica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Anchistea virginica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Anchistea virginica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Anchistea virginica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Anchistea virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Anchistea virginica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 24481
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 24481

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 24482

Image ID: 24483

Image ID: 24486

Image ID: 24484

Image ID: 24485
6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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