Plant Index


 
 
 

Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa L.

tall indigo bush, false indigo bush

Synonym(s): Amorpha angustifolia, Amorpha bushii, Amorpha croceolanata, Amorpha curtissii, Amorpha dewinkeleri, Amorpha fruticosa var. angustifolia, Amorpha fruticosa var. croceolanata, Amorpha fruticosa var. emarginata, Amorpha fruticosa var. oblongifolia, Amorpha fruticosa var. occidentalis, Amorpha fruticosa var. tennesseensis, Amorpha occidentalis, Amorpha occidentalis var. arizonica, Amorpha occidentalis var. emarginata, Amorpha tennesseensis, Amorpha virgata
Amorpha fruticosa (Tall Indigo Bush)
Image ID: 9991
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: AMFR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Amorpha fruticosa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: AMORP
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Amorpha
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: False indigo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 15 species, shrubs, of temperate North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Straub, Sorrie, & Weakley (2009)=X; Wilbur (1964)=Z; Wilbur (1975)=Y; Isely (1998)=I.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Purple/orange flowers.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 8-12 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: April-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: June-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: North America to northern Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Spikes of small deep purple flowers with bright orange anthers provide an attractive spectacle in May. This upright and spreading shrub is found growing on stream and river banks, as well as in open woods. This native deciduous shrub is infrequently offered for sale. Easy to grow, it is adaptable to dry, sunny spots where few plants will thrive. The genus Amorpha supports up to 23 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2, 3
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1898 1986-1681 View
3745 1991-0440 View
4523 1992-0679 View
8900 1985-0421 0000-00-00 1624 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1624 HORT 1981-06-04 View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1483 8900 161 NCBG staff 1981-06-04 View
2999 1898 6 NCBG staff 1971-05-01 View
6052 3745 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6851 4523 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: AMFR
USDA Common Name: False Indigo Bush
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (MB, NB, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Amorpha fruticosa
COMMON NAME: Tall Indigo-bush
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, GW, I, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, SE, Va, W, WH3, Y; > A. fruticosa var. angustifolia Pursh - Il; > A. fruticosa var. croceolanata (P.W. Watson) Schneider - Il; > A. fruticosa var. fruticosa - F, Il; > A. fruticosa var. tennessensis (Shuttleworth) E.J. Palmer - F; > A. curtissii Rydberg - S; > A. fruticosa - S; > A. tennesseensis Shuttleworth - S; > A. virgata Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Riverbanks, forests, woodlands, marsh edges, sometimes in disturbed sites.
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP: Amorpha fruticosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Amorpha L. (False indigo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 15 species, shrubs, of temperate North America.
REFERENCE: Straub, Sorrie, & Weakley (2009)=X; Wilbur (1964)=Z; Wilbur (1975)=Y; Isely (1998)=I.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Amorpha fruticosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Amorpha fruticosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Amorpha fruticosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Amorpha fruticosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Amorpha fruticosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Amorpha fruticosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9991
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9991

From the Image Gallery


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12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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