Plant Index


 
 
 

Amsonia ciliata

Amsonia ciliata Walter

sandhills bluestar, fringed bluestar

Amsonia ciliata (Sandhills Bluestar)
Image ID: 8647
Image by: Cotterman, Laura
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: AMCI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Amsonia ciliata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: AMSON
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Amsonia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Walter
GENUS COMMON: Bluestar
GENUS SUMMARY: [by Bruce A. Sorrie and Alan. S. Weakley]
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Woodson (1928)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: APOCYN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Apocynaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Dogbane Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As here circumscribed including the Asclepiadaceae, a family of about 480 genera and about 4800 species, lianas, shrubs, herbs, and trees, widespread in tropical and temperate areas. There appears to be overwhelming evidence favoring the combination of the Asclepiadaceae into the Apocynaceae; see, for instance, Rosatti (1989), Sennblad & Bremer (1996), and many others.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Rosatti (1989); Liede (1997a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Clump-forming, erect to ascending perennial growing in sandhills and other sandy woodlands.
STEMS: Stems branched, very leafy, hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, crowded all the way up the stem, sessile, narrow and almost needle-like, up to 3 in. long, turning yellow-bronze in the fall.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a loose cluster at top of stem, pale blue, 1/2 in. wide, consisting of a ½-in.-long thin tube that opens into a 5-lobed star with a white or pale yellow center.
FRUITS: Fruit a pair of erect, green, slender follicles.
COMMENTS: “Ciliata” in the name refers to the fringe of hairs found on new leaves and plant stems.
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Light blue
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Sandhills bluestar is a southeastern native perennial that produces clusters of small, star-shaped blue flowers in late spring held above its narrow, needle-like foliage. The leaves turns bright yellow in the fall. In the wild, it is typically seen growing in the sandhills of North Carolina. It is clump forming and thrives in gardens with well-drained soil and more than four hours of sunlight each day, though it appreciates afternoon shade in hotter areas.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
94 2012-0066 2012-06-06 95 View
2153 1986-1960 View
8965 1992-0064 0000-00-00 1643 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
95 HORT 2010-08-06 Poythress View
1643 HORT 1992-04-30 View
1851 HORT 2006-11-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
134 94 41 Mixon 2012-05-01 View
135 94 40 Mixon 2012-05-01 View
3706 2153 58 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3707 2153 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
6230 8965 54 NCBG staff 1992-04-30 View
6231 8965 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6232 8965 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: AMCI
USDA Common Name: Fringed Bluestar
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, MO, NC, OK, SC, TX)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Amsonia ciliata
COMMON NAME: Sandhills Bluestar
SYNONYMY: [= RAB, WH3; > A. ciliata Walter var. ciliata - K, S, Z; > A. ciliata Walter var. tenuifolia (Rafinesque) Woodson - K; > A. ciliata var. filifolia Wood - F, G, S; > A. ciliata var. tenuifolium - Z, misspelling]
PHENOLOGY: Apr; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Sandhills.
COMMENTS: Two varieties have been traditionally recognized since the monograph of Woodson (1928), var. ciliata (leaves strongly heteromorphic, the lower leaves lanceolate, 4-10 mm wide (mostly 4-15 as long as wide), the upper about 1 mm wide; inflorescence barely held above the foliage) and var. tenuifolia (leaves slightly or not at all heteromorphic, the lower leaves linear, 1-3 mm wide (mostly 15-30 as long as wide), the upper < 1 mm wide; inflorescence usually held well above the foliage). They do not seem to be clearly separable morphologically, and their distributions are very largely overlapping, suggesting that they are merely forms. Se. NC south to c. peninsular FL, west to c. and s. AL; disjunct in Ozark-Ouachita highlands of sc. MO, w. AR, and se. OK; material from OK and TX sometimes included in A. ciliata is here considered a separate species, A. texana (A. Gray) Heller.
RANGE MAP: Amsonia ciliata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apocynaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Dogbane Family)
SUMMARY: As here circumscribed including the Asclepiadaceae, a family of about 480 genera and about 4800 species, lianas, shrubs, herbs, and trees, widespread in tropical and temperate areas. There appears to be overwhelming evidence favoring the combination of the Asclepiadaceae into the Apocynaceae; see, for instance, Rosatti (1989), Sennblad & Bremer (1996), and many others.
REFERENCE: Rosatti (1989); Liede (1997a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Amsonia Walter (Bluestar)
SUMMARY: [by Bruce A. Sorrie and Alan. S. Weakley]
REFERENCE: Woodson (1928)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Amsonia ciliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Amsonia ciliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Amsonia ciliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Amsonia ciliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Amsonia ciliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Amsonia ciliata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8647
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 20736

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