Plant Index


 
 
 

Aletris farinosa

Aletris farinosa L.

white colicroot, northern white colic-root, stargrass, mealy colic-root

Aletris farinosa (White Colicroot)
Image ID: 19272
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ALFA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aletris farinosa
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-05

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ALETR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Aletris
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Colicroot
GENUS SUMMARY: As circumscribed here (excluding Metanarthecium, following Fuse, Lee, & Tamura 2012), a genus of about 30 species, of e. North America and e. Asia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Weigant (2002)=X; Ward (1978)=Y; Zomlefer (1997b)=Z; Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Sullivan in FNA (2002a).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: NARTHE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Nartheciaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: E.M. Fries 1846
FAMILY COMMON: Bog-asphodel Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As circumscribed here (excluding Tofieldiaceae), a family of about 5 genera and 40 species, of e. Asia, e. North America, n. Europe, and the Guyana Shield of n. South America. Reveal & Zomlefer (1998) place the Nartheciaceae in the monotypic order Nartheciales. The molecular phylogenetics of the family has recently been corroborated by Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997b, 1999); Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012); Reveal & Zomlefer (1998); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Scapose, rhizomatous perennial of pine savannas, pine flatwoods, seepage bogs, mafic fens and barrens, upland woodlands and road banks.
STEMS: Stem an unbranched, mostly naked flowering scape with a few small bracts, rising from the center of a basal rosette.
LEAVES: Leaves spreading-ascending in a basal rosette, lance-shaped, 1 1/2-7 1/2 in. long, yellowish green.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a spike-like raceme occupying the top 4–14 in. of the scape, white, ¼-3/8 in. long, cylindric to urn-shaped, composed of 6 fused petals that at full bloom flare into 6 pointed lobes; there is a slight constriction of the tube just below the lobes, and the tube’s outer surface is granular-bumpy.
FRUITS: Fruit a beaked, oval capsule containing tiny reddish-brown seeds.
COMMENTS: The similar Aletris obovata has slightly smaller flowers (less than ¼ in. long) in which the corolla lobes remain closed, giving it a rounded tip; it is restricted to coastal pine savannas at the southern end of our range.
HEIGHT: 1-3.5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: July-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Disturbed, Pine savannas, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: White colicroot is a perennial herb and member of the lily family that resembles the orchid, nodding ladies’-tresses (Spiranthes cernua). It has grass-like leaves that are topped by a round stem with a spike-like cluster of small white, urn-shaped flowers. White colicroot spreads by means of underground rhizomes and forms rosettes of leaves. Traditionally, the roots were gathered and used to treat colic.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2, 4
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
19 2018-0005 2018-01-08 21 View
59 2013-0002 2013-01-09 62 View
248 2011-0088 2011-05-04 251 View
1855 1986-1636 View
2252 1986-2075 View
5931 1995-1060 View
9276 2007-0200 2007-10-23 1983 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
21 HORT 2014-08-28 Summer View
62 HORT 2010-12-01 Poythress View
251 HORT 2009-07-16 Poythress View
939 SOS 2017-09-27 Faucette View
1114 HORT 2006-09-07 Bryan View
1783 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1828 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View
1983 HORT 2006-10-01 Walker View
2136 NPMD 2019-07-05 Touloupas View
2137 NPMD 2019-07-05 Touloupas View
2139 NPMD 2019-07-10 Touloupas View
2146 NPMD 2019-07-24 Touloupas View
2152 NPMD 2019-07-29 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
20 19 17 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
21 19 16 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
22 19 18 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
76 59 31 Mixon 2012-01-08 View
77 59 64 Liloia 2013-06-14 View
78 59 40 Mixon 2012-01-08 View
110 59 48 Mixon 2013-08-01 View
573 248 14 Liloia 2011-04-29 View
575 248 16 Liloia 2011-11-20 View
577 248 40 Mixon 2012-01-09 View
2947 1855 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
3919 2252 81 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
8487 5931 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
12406 9276 63 Liloia 2009-03-19 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ALFA2
USDA Common Name: White Colicroot
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aletris farinosa
COMMON NAME: Northern White Colic-root, Mealy Colic-root, Stargrass
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WH3, X, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Late Apr-early Jun; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: Pine savannas, pine flatwoods, seepage bogs, mafic fens and barrens, upland woodlands, roadbanks.
COMMENTS: S. ME, s. ON, and se. MN south to s. GA, FL (Wunderlin & Hansen 2011), LA, and TX, the only species of the genus not restricted (or nearly so) to the Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Aletris farinosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Nartheciaceae E.M. Fries 1846 (Bog-asphodel Family)
SUMMARY: As circumscribed here (excluding Tofieldiaceae), a family of about 5 genera and 40 species, of e. Asia, e. North America, n. Europe, and the Guyana Shield of n. South America. Reveal & Zomlefer (1998) place the Nartheciaceae in the monotypic order Nartheciales. The molecular phylogenetics of the family has recently been corroborated by Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012).
REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997b, 1999); Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012); Reveal & Zomlefer (1998); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Aletris L. (Colicroot)
SUMMARY: As circumscribed here (excluding Metanarthecium, following Fuse, Lee, & Tamura 2012), a genus of about 30 species, of e. North America and e. Asia.
REFERENCE: Weigant (2002)=X; Ward (1978)=Y; Zomlefer (1997b)=Z; Fuse, Lee, & Tamura (2012); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Sullivan in FNA (2002a).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Aletris farinosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Aletris farinosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Aletris farinosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Aletris farinosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Aletris farinosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aletris farinosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19272
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 23821

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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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