Plant Index


 
 
 

Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica W. Bartram

painted buckeye

Synonym(s): Aesculus georgiana, Aesculus sylvatica var. lanceolata
Aesculus sylvatica (Painted Buckeye)
Image ID: 12829
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: AESY
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aesculus sylvatica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-29

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: AESCU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Aesculus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Buckeye
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 13 species, trees and shrubs, of temperate e. North America, w. North America, e. Asia, and se. Europe.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The following hybrids are known from our area: Aesculus neglecta Lindley [flava sylvatica] and Aesculus mutabilis (Spach) Scheele [pavia sylvatica]. They can be recognized by their intermediate morphology.
GENUS REFERENCES: Hardin (1957a, 1957b)=Z; Harris, Xiang, & Thomas (2009) Acevedo-Rodrguez, van Welzen, Adema, and van der Ham in Kubitzki (2011).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HIPPOC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Hippocastanaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A. Richard 1823
FAMILY COMMON: Horse-chestnut Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: A small, deciduous tree or shrub, commonly 1–5 m (3–16 ft.) tall. Bark of mature trunks is flaky. Winter buds are large, with terminal buds ranging from about 0.5–1 cm long or longer. Leaves are opposite and palmately compound, with 5 (occasionally 7), relatively large (8–20 cm long) leaflets. Leaflet margins are variously serrate. Flowers are borne on a prominent, terminal inflorescence. Flowers bear 4, long (1–3.7 cm.), cream, yellowish green or pink colored petals that form a tube-shaped corolla. Fruits consist of a 2–4 cm long, more or less spherical, tan or brown, leathery capsule. The capsule splits open revealing 1–3 (occasionally as many as 6) large, smooth, lustrous, dark brown seeds, each with a conspicuous light brown scar. Painted buckeye is one of the first trees in Piedmont forests to produce leaves and flowers in spring.
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) green or orange or reddish-brown, glabrous. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous. Leaf scars shield-shaped or triangular, bundle scars (3–)6–7(–9) per leaf scar, stipule scars absent. Bark of mature trunks flaky. Buds axillary or terminal, reddish-brown, (4–)7–9(–13) mm long, ovoid, blunt or sharp, bud scales imbricate.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, compound, once palmately compound, petiolate, opposite, 15–35 cm long, 15–35 cm wide. Leaf upper surface green or yellow-green, glabrous or glabrate. Leaf lower surface green, glabrous or pubescent, tomentose. Leaflets petiolulate or nearly sessile, 5(–7) per leaf, 8–20 cm long, 3–7 cm wide, lanceolate or oblong or obovate or oval, leaflet margins serrate or serrulate or doubly serrate, leaflet apices acuminate, leaflet bases attenuate or cuneate or oblique, leaflet venation pinnate. Petioles 5–15 cm long, glabrous. Stipules absent.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences terminal, panicles, flowers stalked.
FLOWERS: Flowers bisexual or unisexual or staminate, hypogynous. Perianth. Calyx radially symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 5 per flower, calyx tubes 6–15 mm long, ascending, red or yellow, oblong or ovate, sepal margins serrate, sepal apices rounded, pubescent, tomentose, caducous. Corolla asymmetric, tubular, apopetalous. Petals 4 per flower, 10–37 mm long, 3–10 mm wide, ascending, cream or pink or yellow-green, clawed or obovate or spatulate, petal margins ciliate, petal apices rounded, pubescent, caducous. Androecium. Stamens 6–7 per flower, separate, filaments 18–30 mm long. Gynoecium. Ovaries superior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium syncarpous, 3 carpels per flower, styles 1 per pistil, placentation axile.
FRUITS: Fruits capsules, 2–4 cm long, brown or tan, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Capsules split open revealing 1 to 3 (rarely to 6) large, smooth, lustrous, dark brown seeds, each with a conspicuous light brown scar.
HEIGHT: 3-16 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Palmate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: March or April or May or June.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: July-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Painted buckeye’s flowers vary from creamy white to pale yellow and pink. Its tubular flowers are quite showy for several weeks in the spring. The species’ distinctive hand-shaped (palmate) foliage is attractive throughout the growing season. It is commonly found in the understory of moist woods. Though shade tolerant, best flowering occurs when grown in at least 3-4 hours of sunlight. It will produce root suckers but is not aggressive. This genus supports up to 32 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly, Hummingbird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
126 2010-0036 2010-11-30 127 View
764 1985-0417 View
3178 1990-0015 View
3767 1991-0462 View
4544 1992-0700 View
5030 1995-0149 View
5330 1995-0452 View
5662 1995-0786 View
5924 1995-1052 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
127 HORT 2009-08-01 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
230 126 103 Poythress 2011-03-03 View
231 126 100 NCBG staff 2011-04-07 View
232 126 34 NCBG staff 2011-10-27 View
233 126 23 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
234 126 14 Liloia 2013-04-25 View
1477 764 153 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1478 764 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5328 3178 83 NCBG staff 1987-01-01 View
6075 3767 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6873 4544 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7449 5030 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7788 5330 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8176 5662 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8479 5924 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: AESY
USDA Common Name: Painted Buckeye
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, GA, NC, SC, TN, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aesculus sylvatica
COMMON NAME: Painted Buckeye
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, K, RAB, Va, W, Z; = A. neglecta Lindley - G, misapplied; < A. octandra - S (also see A. flava); > A. georgiana Sargent]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-mid May; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: In the Piedmont in mesic, nutrient-rich forests, on bottomlands, lower slopes, and in ravines, in the Coastal Plain primarily on floodplains of brownwater (alluvium-carrying) rivers (most notably the Roanoke River in NC), in the Mountains only at low elevations.
COMMENTS: Primarily a Southeastern Piedmont endemic, occurring primarily in the Piedmont from sc. VA south through c. NC, c. SC, and nc. GA to nc. AL, with an extension north into e. TN.
RANGE MAP: Aesculus sylvatica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Hippocastanaceae A. Richard 1823 (Horse-chestnut Family)
SUMMARY: A family
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Aesculus L. (Buckeye)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 13 species, trees and shrubs, of temperate e. North America, w. North America, e. Asia, and se. Europe.
REFERENCE: Hardin (1957a, 1957b)=Z; Harris, Xiang, & Thomas (2009) Acevedo-Rodrguez, van Welzen, Adema, and van der Ham in Kubitzki (2011).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Aesculus sylvatica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Aesculus sylvatica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Aesculus sylvatica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Aesculus sylvatica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Aesculus sylvatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aesculus sylvatica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12829
ID IMAGE2: 12827
ID IMAGE3: 22000

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 8205

Image ID: 12828

Image ID: 12827

Image ID: 19765

Image ID: 5220

Image ID: 9854

Image ID: 9853

Image ID: 8204

Image ID: 7401

Image ID: 7399

Image ID: 35627

Image ID: 22001

Image ID: 9856

Image ID: 22002

Image ID: 22000

Image ID: 19766

Image ID: 22003

Image ID: 22004

Image ID: 9857

Image ID: 9855

Image ID: 7402

Image ID: 7400

Image ID: 5228

Image ID: 5222

Image ID: 5221

Image ID: 10517
27 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back