Plant Index


 
 
 

Adiantum pedatum

Adiantum pedatum L.

northern maidenhair

Adiantum pedatum (Northern Maidenhair)
Image ID: 12270
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ADPE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum pedatum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ADIAN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Adiantum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Maidenhair fern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 150-200 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Paris in FNA (1993b); Lu et al. (2011)=Z; Lin, Prado, & Gilbert in FoC (2013); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PTERID
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Pteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: E.D.M. Kirchner 1831
FAMILY COMMON: Maidenhair Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 40 genera and about 1000 species. Here circumscribed to include Vittariaceae (see Smith et al. 2006). This family may be further subdivided, into families Adiantaceae (Adiantum, Vittaria), Sinopteridaceae (Myriopteris, Notholaena, Astrolepis, Pellaea), Cryptogrammaceae (Cryptogramma), Pteridaceae (Pteris), and Parkeriaceae (Acrostichum, Ceratopteris).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Grusz & Windham (2013); Lellinger (1985); Windham in FNA (1993b); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Crane (1997). {add for FL: Acrostichum aureum, Adiantum melanoleucum, Adiantum villosum, Pityrogramma trifoliata, Pteris bahamensis, Pteris grandifolia, Pteris plumula}

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Northern maidenhair’s delicate, 8-20 in. fronds, with dark, shiny stems, spread their pinnae horizontally in a nearly perfect circle. This graceful, fan-like pattern is unique among native ferns. The fronds arise from a creeping rootstock in clusters. Burgundy red fiddleheads appear in early spring. The roots are wiry and black, colonizing in favorable sites.
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: One of our loveliest native ferns, Northern maidenhair adds its graceful beauty to the shade garden. Despite its delicate appearance, it performs well throughout our hot summers. In the mountain and piedmont counties of the Southeastern United States, this species thrives on the humus-rich soil of old-growth forests and on shady slopes that are moist but well-drained. Mix compost and a little lime into soil before planting. Northern maidenhair also does well when planted in a large container. The black leaf stalks were used by Native Americans in basketry.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes: A decoction made from the leaves is used to help clear up coughs and congestion due to colds. It has also been used in hair rinses and tonics. The black leaf stalks were used by Native Ameicans in basketry.

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
951 1985-0644 View
1211 1986-0980 View
2046 1986-1840 View
3351 1990-0222 View
5888 1995-1016 View
7573 2000-0336 2000-10-10 View
8163 2004-0173 2006-05-19 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1751 951 145 NCBG staff 1985-02-19 View
1752 951 200 NCBG staff 1985-02-19 View
2095 1211 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3304 2046 68 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
3305 2046 189 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3306 2046 1 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3307 2046 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3308 2046 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3309 2046 76 Liloia 1986-12-31 View
3310 2046 80 Liloia 1986-12-31 View
3311 2046 187 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3312 2046 200 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3313 2046 72 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
5578 3351 27 NCBG staff 1989-11-20 View
8406 5888 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
10653 7573 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10654 7573 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10655 7573 138 NCBG staff 1999-05-15 View
10656 7573 198 NCBG staff 1999-06-10 View
10657 7573 11 NCBG staff 1999-06-07 View
11417 8163 81 NCBG staff 2003-07-30 View
12456 7573 218 Briggs 2021-01-15 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ADPE
USDA Common Name: Northern Maidenhair
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FAC FACU FACU FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum pedatum
COMMON NAME: Northern Maidenhair
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, G, Il, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Z; > A. pedatum ssp. pedatum - C; > A. pedatum Linnaeus ssp. calderi Cody - C, misapplied to MD and PA material; = A. pedatum var. pedatum - F; < A. pedatum - FoC; > A. pedatum - FNA, K2, Pa; > A. aleuticum - FNA, K2, Pa, misapplied to MD and PA material]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug.
HABITAT: Moist forests and cliffs, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, sometimes in seasonal seepage.
COMMENTS: NS and NB west to ON and MN, south to GA, AL, MS, LA, and OK. Sometimes interpreted to also be present in e. Asia. Plants growing on serpentine in MD and se. PA have sometimes been interpreted as being A. aleuticum, but recent molecular studies show that they are stunted forms or sun forms of A. pedatum (W. Knapp, 2015, pers. comm.).
RANGE MAP: Adiantum pedatum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pteridaceae E.D.M. Kirchner 1831 (Maidenhair Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 40 genera and about 1000 species. Here circumscribed to include Vittariaceae (see Smith et al. 2006). This family may be further subdivided, into families Adiantaceae (Adiantum, Vittaria), Sinopteridaceae (Myriopteris, Notholaena, Astrolepis, Pellaea), Cryptogrammaceae (Cryptogramma), Pteridaceae (Pteris), and Parkeriaceae (Acrostichum, Ceratopteris).
REFERENCE: Grusz & Windham (2013); Lellinger (1985); Windham in FNA (1993b); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Crane (1997). {add for FL: Acrostichum aureum, Adiantum melanoleucum, Adiantum villosum, Pityrogramma trifoliata, Pteris bahamensis, Pteris grandifolia, Pteris plumula}
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Adiantum L. (Maidenhair fern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 150-200 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Paris in FNA (1993b); Lu et al. (2011)=Z; Lin, Prado, & Gilbert in FoC (2013); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Adiantum pedatum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Adiantum pedatum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Adiantum pedatum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Adiantum pedatum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Adiantum pedatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Adiantum pedatum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12270
ID IMAGE2: 9841
ID IMAGE3: 23381

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 9841

Image ID: 28427

Image ID: 28428

Image ID: 30940

Image ID: 5778

Image ID: 30939

Image ID: 30938

Image ID: 30937

Image ID: 28432

Image ID: 28431

Image ID: 28430

Image ID: 28429

Image ID: 23382

Image ID: 23381

Image ID: 8558

Image ID: 8557

Image ID: 12242
18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back