Plant Index


 
 
 

Acer saccharum

Acer saccharum Marshall

sugar maple, hard maple, sugar tree

Cultivar(s): Sentinalis
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Image ID: 9819
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ACSA3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acer saccharum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-12-17

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1166 Sentinalis View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ACER
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Acer
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Maple
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 111-126 species, trees and shrubs, primarily north temperate.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Murray (1970)=Z; van Gelderen, de Jong, and Oterdoom (1994); Acevedo-Rodríguez, van Welzen, Adema, and van der Ham in Kubitzki (2011).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ACERAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aceraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Maple Family
FAMILY SUMMARY:
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
628 1985-0262 View
631 1985-0265 View
3077 1989-0030 View
5231 1995-0350 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1284 628 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1285 628 165 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1286 628 168 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1287 628 171 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
1288 628 172 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1289 628 176 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1290 628 177 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1293 631 157 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1294 631 165 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1295 631 198 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5102 3077 77 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
7684 5231 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ACSA3
USDA Common Name: Sugar Maple
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU UPL FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acer saccharum
COMMON NAME: Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Sugar Tree
SYNONYMY: [= C, Pa, Va; > A. saccharum var. saccharum - F, G, Il, K, Z; > A. saccharum var. rugelii (Pax) Rehder - Il; > A. saccharum var. schneckii Rehder - Il; = A. saccharum ssp. saccharum - RAB, W; = Saccharodendron barbatum (Michaux) Nieuwland - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Cove forests, other rich forests, especially over mafic and calcareous rocks, on calcareous soils common and typical in dry-mesic forests and dry woodlands as well, less typically extending to high elevation northern hardwood forests where sometimes in acidic situations (as in Highlands County, VA), in parts of the Piedmont perhaps more common as an introduction by ornamental planting than as a native, at least south of VA.
COMMENTS: Two varieties are sometimes recognized. Var. saccharum is distributed from NS west to ND, south to GA, LA, and OK. Var. schneckii Rehder, with petioles and lower leaf surfaces densely pubescent, considered to approach our area in s. PA (Rhoads & Klein 1993), IN, IL, and MO, is probably only a form. A. saccharum is the primary source of maple sugar and maple syrup; formerly, commercial sugaring was done in w. NC and w. VA. Large individuals of this species are the favorite substrate of a number of lichens, including Lobaria pulmonaria. The brown, platy bark is often similar to that of Aesculus flava. For its bright orange fall color, A. saccharum is one of our most prized ornamental trees. In NC, it is most common northward and on mafic rocks, thus reaching perhaps its best development in the amphibolite peaks of Ashe, Watauga, Avery, and Mitchell counties; it is more general in VA.
RANGE MAP: Acer saccharum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aceraceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Maple Family)
SUMMARY:
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Acer L. (Maple)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 111-126 species, trees and shrubs, primarily north temperate.
REFERENCE: Murray (1970)=Z; van Gelderen, de Jong, and Oterdoom (1994); Acevedo-Rodríguez, van Welzen, Adema, and van der Ham in Kubitzki (2011).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Acer saccharum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Acer saccharum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Acer saccharum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Acer saccharum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Acer saccharum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Acer saccharum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9819
ID IMAGE2: 9820
ID IMAGE3: 3986

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 3988
10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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