Plant Genera


Iris

Family Code: IRIDAC
Genus Code: IRIS
Genus CN: iris
Genus Authority: L.
Genus Summary: A genus of about 225 species, herbs, of Eurasia, n. Africa, and North America. Wilson (2004) suggests that Belamcanda is phylogenetically nested within Iris and should be included there; Goldblatt & Mabberley (2005) make the appropriate nomenclatural combination. Alternatively, Iris may be broken up into multiple genera (Mavrodiev et al. 2014; Crespo, Martínez-Azorín, & Mavrodiev 2015).
Genus Identification: Identification notes: the petals are usually erect, smaller than the petaloid sepals (which are brightly colored, generally reflexed, and marked with a "signal"). The styles are also petaloid, arched over the sepals, and 2-cleft at the tip (except in I. domestica).
Genus References: Crespo, Martínez-Azorín, & Mavrodiev (2015); Henderson in FNA (2002a); Goldblatt in FNA (2002a); Mavrodiev et al. (2014); Goldblatt & Mabberley (2005)=Z; Wilson (2004); Goldblatt, Manning, & Rudall in Kubitzki (1998a). Key based on Henderson in FNA (2002a).
Last Updated: 2019-11-29
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