Plant Index


 
 
 

Viburnum rafinesqueanum

Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult.

downy arrow-wood, downy arrowwood

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrow-wood)
Image ID: 7485
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VIRA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum rafinesqueanum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-04-03

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VIBUR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Viburnum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Viburnum
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Leaves vary in shape in some taxa more than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially rapidly-growing vegetative shoots. Petiole length of leaves varies considerably, even with those possessing “short” petioles. However, by measuring only the petioles of the first leaves below an inflorescence one reduces the chances of misidentifications greatly. Warning: even in some of the “long” petioled taxa, one may occasionally encounter unusually short petioles; therefore it is wise to examine several twigs. Density of pubescence and glandularity of leaves, petioles, and inflorescences varies more in some taxa than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially vegetative shoots. Stipitate glands are usually very short, especially those on leaf veins; a 10× lens may not be adequate to see them clearly. It is our belief, based on thousands of specimens examined and years of fieldwork, that most Viburnum tend to lose pubescence, and perhaps glandularity as well, as the season progresses.
GENUS REFERENCES: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: VIBURN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Viburnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Viburnum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: up-6 feet

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mid Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Creamy white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Downy Arrow-wood is a native deciduous shrub, very tolerant of many growing conditions. Although easy to grow, this southeastern native shrub is not often offered for sale. New leaves appearing in the spring have an appealing crinkled-looking texture. The numerous small flowers have an unusual fragrance, unpleasant to some. Plant Downy Arrow-wood in a well-drained spot. It does well as a screening shrub at the edge of trees.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
215 2011-0041 2011-01-31 214 View
730 1985-0380 View
2240 1986-2062 View
3714 1991-0409 View
4596 1992-0752 View
5010 1995-0129 View
5221 1995-0340 View
5546 1995-0669 View
6375 1995-1507 View
6981 1998-0195 View
7425 2000-0170 2000-04-25 View
8266 2004-0296 2006-09-01 View
8270 2004-0304 2006-09-21 View
8574 2006-0153 2006-08-11 View
8581 2006-0160 2006-08-11 View
8595 2006-0174 2006-08-11 View
8603 2006-0182 2006-08-11 View
8626 2006-0214 2006-08-24 View
8715 2006-0411 2006-11-13 View
8796 2007-0066 2007-03-13 View
8849 2007-0159 2007-06-20 View
9249 2019-0008 2019-06-26 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
214 HORT NCBG staff View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
434 215 100 Wenck 2011-02-01 View
435 215 14 NCBG staff 2011-03-16 View
436 215 17 NCBG staff 2011-03-16 View
1438 730 159 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1439 730 161 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1440 730 198 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3906 2240 53 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
6019 3714 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6020 3714 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6925 4596 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7429 5010 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7674 5221 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8060 5546 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9030 6375 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9855 6981 165 NCBG staff 1998-05-08 View
10429 7425 158 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10430 7425 159 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10431 7425 171 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View
10432 7425 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11538 8266 27 NCBG staff 2002-01-01 View
11547 8270 178 NCBG staff 2004-09-15 View
11764 8574 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11771 8581 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11785 8595 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11793 8603 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11818 8626 136 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11942 8715 83 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12048 8796 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12096 8849 187 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12372 9249 115 Wenck 2019-03-15 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VIRA
USDA Common Name: Downy Arrowwood
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum rafinesqueanum
COMMON NAME: Downy Arrow-wood
SYNONYMY: [= Va; > V. rafinesquianum var. rafinesquianum - C, F, G, Il, Y; = V. rafinesquianum - K1, K2, Pa, RAB, S, W, WV (orthographic variant); > V. affine Bush ex Schneider var. hypomalacum Blake - Z]
PHENOLOGY: Mid Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Dry-mesic to dry woodlands and forests, especially over mafic rocks (but not at all restricted to such sites), less commonly in moister sites.
COMMENTS: NH, QC and MB south to n. GA, AL, AR, and OK; apparently not yet recorded for SC.
RANGE MAP: Viburnum rafinesqueanum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Viburnaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Viburnum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Viburnum L. (Viburnum)
SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Viburnum rafinesqueanum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Viburnum rafinesqueanum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Viburnum rafinesqueanum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Viburnum rafinesqueanum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Viburnum rafinesqueanum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum rafinesqueanum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7485
ID IMAGE2: 7485
ID IMAGE3: 25797

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7486

Image ID: 14061

Image ID: 14071

Image ID: 12202
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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