Plant Index


 
 
 

Verbesina occidentalis

Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walter

southern crownbeard, yellow crownbeard

Synonym(s): Phaethusa occidentalis
Verbesina occidentalis (Southern Crownbeard)
Image ID: 9745
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VEOC
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Verbesina occidentalis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VERBE2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Verbesina
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Crownbeard
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Strother in FNA (2006c); Olsen (1979)=Z; Coleman (1966)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial found in forests, woodlands, pastures, and roadsides, especially abundant in alluvial areas or upslope over mafic or calcareous rocks.
STEMS: Stems 4-winged, branched in inflorescence, smooth below and minutely hairy above.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, on winged petioles, broadly oval, 2 1/2-9 in. long, shallowly toothed and hairy beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in a large, open, branching terminal cluster; heads to 2 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 1-5 bright yellow ray florets (to 3/4 in. long each) encircling a domed center disk of greenish-yellow, tubular florets.
FRUITS: Fruit a spherical head of achenes (lacking wings).
COMMENTS: Note the similarity to Verbesina alternifolia, which has alternate leaves and often more ray florets.
HEIGHT: 3-10 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Southern crownbeard is a large perennial that develops winged stems that can reach well over 6 feet long and support large, oppositely arranged leaves. In late summer it forms bright yellow ray flowers around a disk, but these are often sparse and not uniformly distributed giving it a jaunty appearance. Southern crownbeard makes a great addition to any wildflower meadow and can be used effectively in the back of a perennial border. The genus Verbesina supports up to 16 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
4027 1992-0183 View
5218 1995-0337 View
5519 1995-0642 View
6369 1995-1501 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
961 SOS 2017-11-28 Faucette View
2324 NPMD 2019-10-28 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
6355 4027 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7671 5218 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8033 5519 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9024 6369 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VEOC
USDA Common Name: Yellow Crownbeard
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Verbesina occidentalis
COMMON NAME: Southern Crownbeard
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, Il, K, RAB, SE, Va, WH3, WV; = Phaethusa occidentalis (Linnaeus) Britton - S]
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT: Forests, woodlands, pastures, and roadsides, especially abundant in alluvial areas or upslope over mafic or calcareous rocks.
COMMENTS: MD west to OH and MO, south to Panhandle FL and MS.
RANGE MAP: Verbesina occidentalis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Verbesina L. (Crownbeard)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate America.
REFERENCE: Strother in FNA (2006c); Olsen (1979)=Z; Coleman (1966)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Verbesina occidentalis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Verbesina occidentalis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Verbesina occidentalis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Verbesina occidentalis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Verbesina occidentalis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbesina occidentalis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9745
ID IMAGE2: 19142
ID IMAGE3: 19143

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 9746

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Image ID: 9748

Image ID: 19140

Image ID: 19142

Image ID: 19143

Image ID: 35517

Image ID: 12184
15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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